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Verbs are Tense
Transcript of Verbs are Tense
The Perfect Tenses
Verbs are Tense!
The Magic Lens by Michael Clay Thompson
From the Latin "perficere" meaning to finish becausethis tense shows things that are finished--either in the past, present, or future
Modal Auxiliary Verbs:
Present perfect: action that is finished now
I have returned
There are six verb tenses:
4. Present Perfect
5. Past Perfect
6. Future Perfect
The three perfect tenses use the verb TO HAVE as a helping verb
(cc) photo by Jakob Montrasio
These helping verbs are called defective because they are auxiliary only; they cannot be main verbs.
Auxiliary or helping verbs combine with main verbs to create a compound verb.
John has chortled.
John will have chortled.
Primary Auxiliary Verbs: be, do, have
These verbs can be main verbs, but they are also used to create compound tenses and create emphatic forms.
I am talking.
I do eat brussel sprouts.
I have not retorted.
I might circumlocute the question.
I would procrastinate.
These verbs enhance the meaning of main verbs:
I dare not mollify his anger.
I need not amplify my strengths.
action that was finished then
By then I had returned.
action that will be finished in the future
By tomorrow I will have returned.
HAVE, not OF
We often use contractions, saying should've instead of should have. This has led to the mistaken idea that we are saying should of, but it is SHOULD HAVE.
Progressive Forms are IN PROGRESS
Regular verbs always add --ing to make the present participle, and add --d or --ed to make the past and past participle.
There are over 300 verbs that do not follow this regular patttern. Instead, they have principal parts that are unique and require memorization.
To shrink----shrinking----shrank------have shrunk
To ring-----ringing-------rang--------have rung
Regular vs. Irregular Verbs
Each of the six tenses also has a progressive, or continuous, form
They all use the --ing form of the verb
Present progressive: I am protesting.
Past progressive: I was protesting.
Future progressive: I will be protesting.
Present perfect progressive: I have been protesting.
Past perfect progressive: I had been protesting.
Future perfect progressive: I will have been protesting.