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Louis XIV "One King; One Law; One Faith"
Transcript of Louis XIV "One King; One Law; One Faith"
by: Darian Garcia
period: 1 "One Law;..." "One Faith;..." "One King;..." Louis XIV (the Sun King), showed his determination to be king and sole ruler of France at age 23 after Cardinal Mazarin's death. "Up to this moment I have been pleased to entrust the government of my affairs to the late cardinal. It is now time that I govern myself. You [secretaries and ministers of state] will assist me with your counsels when I ask for them. I request and order you to steal no orders except by my command,...I order you not to sign anything, not even a passport...without my command; to render account to me personally each day and to favor no one." (Louis XIV) He lived up to this section of his motto by controlling and making sure he has all of the power of the king and made sure that everyone stayed loyal to him and did not favor anyone else. Also through the wars between 1667-1697, he extended France's eastern border at expense of the Habsburgs. By his actions of winning his country more land, he earns more respect and trust from the people, ensuring he will forever be the Sun King of France. Mazarin instructed Louis XIV in the areas of law and politics till his death in 1661. After Mazarin died in 1661, Louis XIV began to rule himself and alone. Mazarin was Louis XIV's advisor Louis XIV felt that the existence of Protestants undermined his own political authority. His anti- Protestant policy aimed at converting the Hugue nots to Catholicism, began mildly by offering rewards, but escalated by 1681 to a policy of forced conversions. He took total control of the laws and policies by himself after his advisor, Mazarin, passed away. He even took this personal views through religion and applied it to his power of laws and authority to make people catholic. Thus, showing he is a symbol of "law" metaphorically. Louis XIV remains the symbol of absolute monarchy of the classical age. As Louis XIV converts people to Catholicism, he is ensuring faithfulness to Catholicism and how the religion of the country should be Catholic. Ensuring people stay loyal to the catholic religion, he is faithful to his people and to his country. Although Louis XIV did many terrible things to his country, he lived by his motto of "One Kind; One Law; One Faith" because he showed each one of these throughout his title of King of France strongly and through a powerful way (action).
The meaning of absolutism is:
the principle or the exercise of complete and unrestricted power in government.; any theory holding that values, principles, etc., are absolute and not relative, dependent, or changeable. Louis XIV showed absolutism in completing and living up to his motto through his actions.