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Comparison of Restorative Perception between Urban and Rural

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Aidal Masrura

on 3 July 2014

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Transcript of Comparison of Restorative Perception between Urban and Rural


Urban area is an administrative area that meets certain requirements in terms of population density, the percentage of agricultural households, urban facilities, formal education facilities, and common health facilities. Rural area is an administrative area that does not meet certain requirements in terms of population density, the percentage of agricultural households, and urban facilities, formal education means, and common health facilities. (Badan Pusat Statistik, 2010, p.11)
Prevention and health cost
Healthy relationship with nature
Environment or economy
Balance
Pro environmental behaviour
Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
Attention Restorative Theory (ART)
Restorative environment

Introduction
Method(s)
Discussions
Limitations and further research
Objective/rational
World situation
Counseling interest
Encouraging to sustain the environment
Generalization
Helping the decision-maker in weighing the green and cost-effective development
Aidal Masrura
Comparison of Restorative Perception between Urban and Rural Residents among Indonesian
by
Definition of urban and rural:
Introduction
Objective/Rationale
Ethics
Method(s)
Participants
Material
Reliability and validity
Design
Procedure
Data analysis
Results
Discussions
Limitations and further research

Outline
Ethics
Reliability and validity






Design




Participants
Result
Information of the study
No deception
No foreseeable threat
The result of study

Data collection
99 participant for each group
Total 198 (Male: 79, Female: 119)
Age range from 14 to 75 years old
(M: 28.89, SD: 11.11)
Perceived Restorative Scale (Hartig et al., 1997)
Cornbach’s alpha .94
17 items
4domains
7 point-scale
Translated
Bogor Botanical Garden
Indonesia national statistics association (Badan Pusat Statistik)
Materials
Overall Cornbach’s alpha .834
Being away Cornbach’s alpha .819
Fascination Cornbach’s alpha .862
Coherence Cornbach’s alpha .563
Compatibility Cornbach’s alpha .833
Survey
Between-group
Distance manner
3 days
Approaching the participant
Refuse to participate
Procedure
t- test
Manova
Data analysis
t-test
t(196) = -1.07, p = .287.
Manova
Statistical difference in the mean domains of restorativeness to the origin, F(4,191) = 2.49, p <.05; Wilk's Λ = .950, partial η2 = .05
No significant difference for the gender with value F(4,191) = .70, p = .593; Wilk's Λ = .99, partial η2 = .01
No interaction between gender and origin in any domain F(4,191) = .93, p = .449; Wilk's Λ = .98, partial η2 = .02.
Furthermore, the significant domains that show difference over the origin is the fascination with F (1, 194) = 5.29; p < .05; partial η2 = .03
Replication of the scale psychometric properties
Coherence domain
Item no 8
"Too much going on"

Familiarity (Chang, Hammitt, Chen, Machnik, & Su, 2008; Hartig et al., 1996)
Place identity (Prohansky, 1974)
Demographic background (Shi et al., 2014)
Instrument
Item no 8
Participant
Replicated the original PRS
Has the same 4 domains acquired from the eigenvalue and scree plot with correlation more than 0.3
Not the item no 8 which lies under the coherence domain.
In general the Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin (KMO) measure of sampling adequacy was .81, and Bartlett’s test of sphericity was significant (χ2 (120) = 1.49, p < .001).
Hypothesized
There is a difference mean in urban and rural residents in perceiving the restorativeness level of the restorative environment
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