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RACISM IN CANADA

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antonette barcarse

on 31 July 2015

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Transcript of RACISM IN CANADA

GNED 500: SOCIAL ACTION PLAN
Becoming a Global Citizen, WE will help end
SOCIAL INJUSTICES
Racism is an
ideology
that claims the human species can be divided into discrete
biological groupings
"Racism
does not exist
because of the presence of objective, physical differences among humans but rather the
social recognition of such differences"
Racism falls into categories:
Biology
belief in innate differences as socially significant through the relationship between biology and social behavior
Ideology
belief that human world can be divided into a set fixed and discrete categories of population known as
RACE
Culture
supposed incompatibility of cultural traditions rather than ideas of innate biological superiority
Institutional (structure and power)
power to establish what is normal, necessary and desirable and reinforces superiority over another
ideas about groups as being " racially inferior" still exists even if the belief is no longer held
polices seem racially neutral but either intentionally or unintentionally put minority group members at a disadvantage
Racism: a Social Problem
Racism plays a major role in the social processes that gives rise to and entrench racial discrimination.
Acknowledging and Understanding Racism as a
historical and current reality
in Canadian Society is critical for a
human rights policy
RACISM IN CANADA
Presented by: Antonette B., Sehaj S.,Vanessa S.
Racism
"Racism is the use of institutional power to deny or grant people and groups of people rights, respect, representation, and resources based on their skin color. Racism in action makes whiteness a preferred way of being human. By whiteness I am referring to the civilization, language, culture, and the skin color associated most often with European-ness. Racism is reflected in a hierarchy in which beauty, intelligence, worth and things associated with Whiteness are at the top"
Enid Lee, " Anti-Racism Education: Pulling Together to Close the Gaps". in Beyond Heroes and Holidays, 1998. p. 27
Core Beliefs of Racism
SOCIAL ANALYSIS
behavior
economic
political success
Ideology includes the belief that there is
a
natural hierarchical
ordering of groups of people so that superior
" RACES "
can dominate inferior ones.
It is displayed in..
racial jokes,
slurs
hate crimes

but more deeply rooted in
attitudes
, v
alues, and stereotypical beliefs.
The legacy of Racism in Canada has profoundly and lastingly permeated our systems and structures.
Indian Act
, 1876 - federal govn't control over " Indian" political structures, landholding pattern, resource and economic development
(
denial the right to vote, prohibits land ownership, prohibits leaving reserves without a pass)
Aboriginal children
were forcibly removed from their homes and sent to residential schools
forbidden to speak in own language, experienced inferior education, malnutrition, overcrowding, illness, harsh discipline and sexual abuse
Enslavement of Africans, racial segregation, and discrimination
African Canadians
were excluded from schools, churches, restaurants, hospitals and public transportation
Chinese Laborers
were recruited to take on dangerous work of building railway
R. Carter, " the politics of Provenance: Genetics, Culture, and identity, " in Racism and Justice, S. Hier, D. Lett and B. Bolaria (eds.) (2009); Satzewich, C. and N. Liodakis, 'Rade' and Ethnicity in Canada ( 2007 ); E. Kallen, Ethnicity and Human Rights in Canada ( 1995); R. Miles, Racism ( 1989); F.C Henry, W. Mathis and T. Rees The Colour of Democracy ( 1995)
How Racism Operates?
INDIVIDUAL
behavior that involves many small events in the interaction between people
INSTITUTIONAL OR SYSTEMIC LEVEL
evident in organizational and government policies, practices, and procedures which may directly or indirectly, consciously or unwittingly, promote, sustain, or entrench differential advantage for some people and disadvantage for others
Speech:
when dealing with customers who are african canadian, a salesclerk uses can unfriendly, curt, or sarcastic tone of voice
Glances:
Looks of contempt are given to a Muslim Canadian Family post 9/11
Actions:
When a Chinese Canadian takes a seat on the bus, passengers vacate the adjacent seat
SOCIETAL LEVEL
evident in culture and ideological expressions that underlie and sustain dominant values and beliefs.
communicated through mass media, schools, universities, religious doctrines, practices, art, music, and literature
ISLAMOPHOBIA
described as stereotypes, bias, or acts of hostility towards individual Muslims or followers of Islam in general.
It leads to viewing Muslim as a greater security threat on an institutional systemic and societal level.
The term "
racialized person
" or "
racialized group"
is preferred over "
racial minority,"
"
visible minority"
, "
person of colors"
or "
non-White" as it expresses race as social construct rather than as a description based on perceived biological traits.
the terms "
BLACK" and "WHITE" -
used to describe individuals~ but not viewed as inappropriate.
THEY REFER TO
RACIALIZED CHARACTERISTICS
WHO benefit and loses?
RACISM DOES NOT BRING ANY HAPPINESS OR ANY BENEFIT TO ANY INDIVIDUAL OR TO ANY GROUPS IN OUR SOCIETY.
- IT CRITICIZES EACH RACES AND IT CREATES
SOCIAL INJUSTICE
QUICK FACTS ON RACISM IN CANADA TODAY
50 percent off First Nations children live in poverty compared to 17 percent for other canadians
Aboriginal workers earn an average of $ 19000 compared to $ 33000 for other canadians
The infant mortality rate is one and half times higher for first nations than other canadians
average life expectancy for Aboriginal women and men is five and nine years less, than other canadians
Black males living in Toronto are three times more likely to be stopped and asked for identification by police
Employers are about 40% more likely to interview a job applicant with an English-sounding name despite identical education, skills and experiences
In 2011, the unemployment rate for visible minority workers was 9.9 % compared to 7.3% for non-racialized workers
Racialized Canadians earn an average of 81 cents to the dollar compares to other canadians


Canadian Labour Congress (2015).
Racism in Canada? Yes, it's still rampant. And we need a government that will commit to working to end it. Retrieved from http://canadianlabour.ca/news/news-archive/racism-canada-yes-it%E2%80%99s-still-rampant-and-we-need-government-will-commit-working
QUESTIONS
STEP BY STEP PLAN
SOCIAL INITIATIVES
PEI ASSOCIATION FOR NEWCOMER TO CANADA
CANADA'S ACTION PLAN AGAINST RACISM
CANADIAN LABOUR CONGRESS
PEI Association for Newcomers to Canada (2008-2015). M
ulticultural Education Program . Retrieved from http://www.peianc.com/content/page/community_mep
CIC NEWS ( 1996-2015) .
Government of Canada announces action against racism. Retrieved from http://www.cicnews.com/2005/03/government-canada-announces-action-plan-racism-03193.html
Canadian Labour Congress (2015).
Racism in Canada? Yes, it's still rampant. And we need a government that will commit to working to end it. Retrieved from http://canadianlabour.ca/news/news-archive/racism-canada-yes-it%E2%80%99s-still-rampant-and-we-need-government-will-commit-working
PEI Association for Newcomers to Canada
Incorporated in 1993 as a non-profit charitable organization
Speak about immigration issues and supports newcomers to Canada
Help the community understand why we need newcomers to Canada, in this case, Prince Edward Island
Create workshops on anti-racism, cultural awareness, and diversity education
Association for Newcomers to Canada also helps newcomers get used to communication, employment, culture and social life, and more
They also have settlement and integration programs, language testing, employment services. Example interview skills and more

PEI
Multicultural Education Program
PEI Association for Newcomers to Canada has several ways to provide community outreach and one of them is their Multicultural Education Program. It provides workshops, presentations, and training materials to schools and communities to help focus areas of diversity.

Objectives:
Study diversity, education, cultural awareness, and racism
Deliver presentations in schools which relate to multiculturalism, diversity, anti-racism, inclusion, and more
Assist professionals in schools, government departments, and community organizations to understand issues related to multiculturalism and diversity

Government of Canada announces
action plan against racism
In March of 2005, the Government of Canada announced the country’s
first ever action against racism.
“Canada is a world leader in the development of policies and laws to fight racism, but many Canadians still experience racism and discrimination in their daily lives.”
Their objective was to strengthen social cohesion, further Canada’s human rights framework, and demonstrate federal leadership in the fight against racism and hate-motivated crime
They believe that
educating the public
will help everyone come together as a community to feel comfortable, and be proud of Canada
The Minister of State will consult stakeholders to assess progress being made in the fight of racism

They will work on
Six areas
identified as key
priorities:
Assist people v
ulnerable to racism and discrimination
Develop immediate and bold approaches to
promote diversity
Strengthen the
role of civil society
Strengthen regional and international co-operation
Education young children on diversity and anti-racism
Countering hate and bias


This Action Plan against Racism has received $56 million over 5 years in the February 2005 budget.The Racism Free workplace will contribute to the action plan by promoting fairness and eliminating barriers to make sure everyone has equal opportunity.
Canadian Labour Congress: Commit to End it
How do they help end racism?
Use
education to fight racism
in the workplace by training leaders and all of the members of the community

We bargain anti-discrimination and harassment language in collective agreements, helping to ensure that hiring is fair and that workplaces are free of discrimination”
The labour movement also works with government to ensure that there is
stronger employment equity legislation
The Canadian Labour Congress would like members of the community to
ask candidates of the election
how they feel about racism
The labour movement will be challenging all political parties to outline how they will work to
eliminate both systemic and racial discrimination
faced by Aboriginal and racialized communities in Canada.

AWARENESS + ACTION = IMPACT
Making fun of someone’s cultural background or physical appearance can be a form of racism ?
Pushing someone out of group or team work due to their ethnicity or race is a form of racism ?
Using specific terms for certain race or community is a form of racism ?
Not hiring, or not promoting someone of certain race is kind of racism ?
Imitating someone’s accent or teasing by his or her name can be racist ?
Expecting someone to do more or less work according to their race can be racist?
WHAT IS ACTION PLAN?
An
action plan
is a document that lists what
steps
must be taken in order to achieve a
specific goal
.

The
purpose
of an action plan is to
clarify what resources are required to reach the goal,
formulate a timeline for when specific tasks need to be completed and determine what resources are required.

In sociology, 
social action
, also known as "W
eberian social action"
refers to an act which takes into account the actions and reactions of individuals. According to Max Weber, "
an Action is 'social
' if the acting individual takes account of the behavior of others and is thereby oriented in its course

WHY SOCIAL ACTION PLAN ?
Serving the common good,
so that everyone is valued and respected for who they are — that is the Canadian approach to diversity and multiculturalism.
Indeed, it serves Canada well — helping to
build a more resilient, harmonious, and creative society.
The country’s ongoing success and its prospects for the future hinge on being able to bring together people of all backgrounds — ethnic, racial, and religious
To b
uild a society
where no one’s identity or cultural heritage is compromised.
Our society needs a change and every should be given
equal justice with equal privileges.
2. Arrange Workshops
we can have workshops and seminars at centennial college for students and staff as well to let them AWARE of DIFFERENT SOCITIES and CULTURES existing. To let them know the HISTORY and how the cultures started from the early era.

3.Conduct Seminars
Be a part of community groups, Non- governmental organizations;

4. Be a part of community groups
, Non- governmental organizations

5. Volunteer;
Visiting schools, Colleges and universities
To volunteer in such organizations and starting a NEW MOVEMENT by real life incident in your neighbourhood.

6. Organize cultural nights

Promote different cultures by organizing MULTICUTURAL NIGHT as such conducted in our college every year.


7. Education;
Creating courses in educational system
Moreover, to add elective courses For instance GNED 500,
promoting how to be a GLOBAL CITIZEN and respect the
values and beliefs of other communities.


Action Plan. (2013, March). Retrieved from TechTarget: http://whatis.techtarget.com/definition/action-plan

Action Plan. (2013, March). Retrieved from TechTarget: http://whatis.techtarget.com/definition/action-plan

Social Action Plan. (2015, March). Retrieved from Sociology guide: http://www.sociologyguide.com/social-action/max-weber.php


REFERENCES
Action Plan. (2013, March). Retrieved from TechTarget: http://whatis.techtarget.com/definition/action-plan

Social Action Plan. (2015, March). Retrieved from Sociology guide: http://www.sociologyguide.com/social-action/max-weber.php

Enid Lee, " Anti-Racism Education: Pulling Together to Close the Gaps". in Beyond Heroes and Holidays, 1998. p. 27

PEI Association for Newcomers to Canada (2008-2015). Multicultural Education Program . Retrieved from http://www.peianc.com/content/page/community_mep

CIC NEWS ( 1996-2015) .Government of Canada announces action against racism. Retrieved from http://www.cicnews.com/2005/03/government-canada-announces-action-plan-racism-03193.html

Canadian Labour Congress (2015). Racism in Canada? Yes, it's still rampant. And we need a government that will commit to working to end it. Retrieved from http://canadianlabour.ca/news/news-archive/racism-canada-yes-it%E2%80%99s-still-rampant-and-we-need-government-will-commit-working

R. Carter, " the politics of Provenance: Genetics, Culture, and identity, " in Racism and Justice, S. Hier, D. Lett and B. Bolaria (eds.) (2009); Satzewich, C. and N. Liodakis, 'Rade' and Ethnicity in Canada ( 2007 ); E. Kallen, Ethnicity and Human Rights in Canada ( 1995); R. Miles, Racism ( 1989); F.C Henry, W. Mathis and T. Rees The Colour of Democracy ( 1995)

OHRC. Part 1- Setting the context: understanding race, racism and racial discrimination. Retrieved from : http://www.ohrc.on.ca/en/policy-and-guidelines-racism-and-racial-discrimination/part-1-%E2%80%93-setting-context-understanding-race-racism-and-racial-discrimination

To ensure there is a place for everyone in Canada, regardless of background, race or ethnicity. The Government’s role is to remove all barriers to full and active participation and opportunity. With rights come responsibilities. This action plan works towards eliminating racist behaviors and attitudes.

(Dove tried to turn this stereotypical belief of people into something positive. To achieve the said goal, they launched a campaign called “Dove Real Beauty Campaign” to empower women, and to make them feel special. The advertisement shows that all women are beautiful regardless of their physical appearance, race, and age. Because the poster conveys a very inspiring message, it caught my attention.)

Social Media
is a vast platform to promote anti-racism. We can opt various means to create awareness amongst people.


*Facebook Page
FACEBOOK PAGE; posting articles and sharing stories of ordinary people, how they have been treated unequal in their lives.

*Twitter
One of the famous social website used by CELEBRITIES nowadays,
Such people can challenge racist people and join more people such as their fans and supporters to fight against the issue.

*You tube Videos
We can make YouTube videos to aware people more visually and connecting it to people.


(Facebook cover design to support the anti-racism campaign We Are All Monkeys” after an incident with Barcelona's Brazilian defender Dani Alves.)
Full transcript