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The Importance of Oral Storytelling to the First Nations

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sydney hague

on 15 December 2015

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Transcript of The Importance of Oral Storytelling to the First Nations

Individual Oral Presentation 2015
The Importance of Oral Storytelling in First Nations' Lifestyle
First Nations' History
Carry lessons over generational lines
No room for error - small or big
Maintains accurate historical records that contribute to indigenous cultures and identities
Westerners think them to be a culture without history because of the stories
Recall past to gain insight for current problems or decision making - Stone story

The Content of First Nation Stories
The Language
The Language barrier is one of the things that keeps many people from listening to oral stories
Often the words translated from English do not have the same definition as in Native languages
Religion-"another way"
Meaning often lost in translation
Teaching Aboriginals about Their Cultural Identity
Traditional method used to teach about cultural beliefs, values, customs, rituals, history, practices, relationships, and ways of life
With the lost culture, tradition and language from the broken connections from the residential schools, it is even more vital to pass on the stories to the next generation
Different aboriginal groups= Different stories

Educational Factors
Aboriginal children have a harder time in school with learning reading and writing and it is proven that the use of oral stories in the classroom immensely improve the learning outcomes of the students
Focuses on how to enhance their culture and what it is to be Aboriginal

Lessons and morals - for children
The Execution of the Stories
By the Elders
In the absence of elders there are documented stories
Often includes dancing or drumming
Told through myths, songs, etc.

The Elders
Raven Steals the Light
By: Sydney Hague
Great memory
Upholder of cultural wisdom and morality
Great wisdom
Passed along through a circle of elders that are shared as a reconnaissance of a collective memory
Still the most valuable source of information even with newer advances

Lessons relevant to contemporary issues
Coyote story
Sophisticated, complex stories
Knowledge provided through legends, sign language, religious values and counselling


Preserving the History
The oral part of it kept the idea alive among the First Nations
Could have easily been forgotten during the assimilation period if the sharing of the stories stopped
Oral stories are now accepted in the court of law as a valid evidence
Full transcript