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Transcript of Civil War
people are not doing so well some don't have enough food (more info in "whats happen in home)
people are worried about family
Causes of the War
The immediate reason for the war was the decision of the southern states to leave the Union and create their own country when Abraham Lincoln, an Abolitionist, was elected President in 1860.
The Union was forced into the conflict when the Confederate States (South) fired on Fort Sumter (North),
Other causes were the rising popularity of the Abolitionist Movement (led by former slaves Harriet Tubman and Frederick Douglass, author Harriet Beecher Stowe, and the radical John Brown) and the debate over states' rights to own slaves (property).
Whats Happening at home?
Setting The Stage
By: Catheryn, Alivia, Sunday
Robert E. Lee
It was harder to survive in the Confederate South because the men were gone and the women and children were left to farm and work.
Life went on as normally as possible.
There were lots of shortages in goods: medicine, and imports like shoes, sugar, flour, and coffee were scarce.
Cloth was also scarce. Wool clothes were donated to the soldiers as well as wool blankets, Woman had to make their own cloth and clothes (homespun).
Things got worse as the war progressed. Riots happened because of the price of bread and many poor people resented the wealthy who were able to afford things that were expensive due to rising prices.
Many farms and property were either taken or destroyed by passing federal troops, making it even more difficult for families to survive.
Some solders left the military when they found out that their families were starving
Music from the Time!
1. Bull Run - 1st battle of the war in 1861. South won when reinforcements arrived and 2nd battle in 1862 leaves North open
2. Shiloh - April 1862. Grant wins battle because of reinforcements but with high casualties.
3. Antietam - Sept 1862. McClellan stops Lee from invading further into Maryland (north)
4. Fredericksburg - Dec 1862. Lee entrenches men and Burnside can't break through. Loses many men and is fired as a result.
5. Vicksburg - Jan-Apr 1863. Grant surrounds Pemberton in Vicksburg blocks all supplies. Takes control of the Mississippi River
and splits the south in two
6. Chancellorsville - May 1863. Lee's greatest victory, but heaviest cost of lives. Loses Stonewall Jackson.
7. Gettysburg - July 1863. Turning point in the war on both sides. Lee hoped to invade the north and thus end the war, but failed.
8. Chattanooga - Sept 1863. South loses i'ts main railway hub. This opens up heart of south to invastion
battle of fredericksburg
ten billion dollars in property was laid to waste
two-fifths of livestock destroyed.
I wish I were in Dixieland
Some of the Major Battles
Causalities of War
killed tens of thousands of the Souths healthiest and strongest men
south went down the raise of groups such as Klu Klux Klan and hatred of northern states went well into 20th century
south was destroyed physically, mentally and economically
Civil War. New York, NY: Kids Discover, 1997. Print.
Hakim, Joy, and Joy Hakim. Reconstructing America. New York: Oxford UP, 2003. Print.
Hakim, Joy. Liberty for All? New York: Oxford UP, 1994. Print.
Sands, Stella, and Lois Markham. Civil War. New York: Kids Discover, 2002. Print.
Farms with out Slaves
crops have to be re- planted
They planed to take over the Mississippi River and split the confederate union in half
Lee planed to to take over Maryland (North)
the Treaty of Appomattox
People work for little pay
double -barrel cannons