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Senegal and its 5 themes of Geography

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by

samantha perez

on 17 March 2015

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Transcript of Senegal and its 5 themes of Geography

Location

1. Absolute location:
14.6667° North, 17.4167° West

2. Relative location:
Senegal is located in western Africa it is situated in the northern and western hemispheres.

Movement
• The immigrants mainly come from Guinea (39%), Mauritania (15%), Guinea-Bissau (11%), Mali (8%), France (8%), Cape Verde (4%), the Gambia (3%), Morocco (2%) and Burkina Faso (1%) (DRC, 2007). 51.4 percent of these immigrants where for family reason.
• Gambia (20%), France (18%), Italy (10%), Mauritania (8%), Germany (5%) and Ghana (5%) (DRC, 2007). These are the percentage of emigrants that leave for better job opportunities.

Region
• Climate:
Senegal is a tropical place that is hot, humid and dry harmattan winds. Northeast winter winds and Southwest summer winds are humid seasons. Rainy seasons are May through November.
• Location Beliefs:
Animism is based on the belief that natural objects and idols or fetishes have magical power.
• Language Ethnicity:
Wolof as a national language.

Region
• Religion:
A large majority (92%) of the Senegalese population is Muslim.
• Functional region:
They play wrestling very common sports.
• Perceptual region:
Some people are considered to be aristocrats (the upper class) and others are casté and belong to a caste (people of lower class). Ethnic groups that have roots from countries that border Senegal such as Mali, Niger, Mauritius or Conakry, the capital city of Guinea.

Human Environment Interaction
• Senegal has over fishing and destructive fishing problems.
• More and more boats search for fewer and fewer fish a dramatic increase for the use of destructive has rised, this includes habitat destroying fishing techniques like dynamite, bottom trawling and beach seining.
• Senegal uses inappropriate agriculture practices. Shifting agriculture from one are to another is promoting desertification. Ex: cultivation of peanuts, a major export of Senegal and this leads to major losses of soil fertility.

Place
1. Physical Characteristics
• Senegal is considered a low-lying or isolated country. In the north and northeast Senegal has a semi desert area and forests in the southwest. Senegal’s largest rivers are The Senegal located in the north and The Casamance in the south. Vegetation is based on large amounts of savanna grass with scattered clumps of trees and spiny shrubs. Senegal also has one peak, hill near Nepen Diakha with a height of 581m, latitude 14.470 and longitude -14.480. Lastly this region consists of a tropical climate.

Senegal and its 5 themes of Geography
Place
2. Cultural Characteristics
• French is the official language but there are other five major languages: Serer, Alpuular, Mandingo, Diola, and Bassari. The percentage for Religion is the following: Muslim 94%, Christian 5% (mostly Roman Catholic), and indigenous beliefs 1%. One main example of a holiday celebrated in Senegal is called Abéné Festivalo, it is based on annual 10 days drumming festival in the Casamance community. This tradition begins in the end of December and finalizes around the New Year.

2. Cultural Characteristics
• French is the official language but there are other five major languages: Serer, Alpuular, Mandingo, Diola, and Bassari. The percentage for Religion is the following: Muslim 94%, Christian 5% (mostly Roman Catholic), and indigenous beliefs 1%. One main example of a holiday celebrated in Senegal is called Abéné Festivalo, it is based on annual 10 days drumming festival in the Casamance community. This tradition begins in the end of December and finalizes around the New Year.

By: Brianda A.
Tatiana M.
samantha A.

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