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Choctaw Native Americans

Lauren's History Project
by

Myra Baker

on 27 September 2012

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Transcript of Choctaw Native Americans

Choctaw Native Americans The Choctaw were expert farmers. They greatly depended on farming to support their tribe. They grew vegetable, corn, peas, nuts, and pumpkins and ate them either fresh or dried. They also hunted for local deer, bear, small game, and fished. They didn’t even have to travel long distances to follow animal migration routes like other Indian tribes.
The Choctaw Indians are famous for developing hominy and banaha as traditional foods. Hominy is made by boiling the inner meat of a corn kernel without the husk and seasoning it with bacon and fat. Banaha is made by combing peas with cornmeal into a porridge which is then cooked in corn husks then served as small cakes. Food

Choctaw Native
Americans Choctaw Woodcarving The Choctaw’s artwork changed after being forced out of their homelands into reservations during the Trail of Tears. As the area changed so did the materials. The artwork changed from basket-weaving and woodcarving to bead work and jewelry which was popular in the region they were moved to. Artwork Chochtaw Clothing The Choctaw Indians’ clothes were very similar to the clothes the Plains Indians wore. Men wore simple breechcloths or sometimes leather leggings. Women wore simple buckskin dresses and decorated them for celebrations. When it was cold outside everyone wore moccasin to keep their feet warm.
The Choctaw clothing changed when the European explorers came. The Indians were introduced to different styles of clothing and new materials to decorate them with because of trade with the explorers. The women started making ankle-length cotton and wool dresses decorated with beads, shells and hand-sewn embellishments. Men started wearing bright colored pullover shirts. Some even wore coats that looked very similar to the ones that the Europeans wore. Clothing Green Corn Festival Dancer One of the religious practices they performed was head flattening. Head flattening is when the male infants would have a board attached to their heads in order to flatten them. The most important religious ceremony to the Choctaw was the Green Corn festival. The Green Corn festival was both a ceremony of thanksgiving and a means for self-purification. Religion Choctaw Baskets Most of the artwork by the Choctaw are known to be at least 4,000 years old. Art forms were passed down through generations so they could continue to make artwork. Since they lived in the area along Mississippi and Alabama most of their art forms were basket-weaving, woodcarving, and other things that could be made from the materials around them. Artwork Choctaw Housing The Choctaw Indians lived in grouped settlements in houses made out of something called wattle and daub. Wattle was made out of wooden poles, small branches and vines, and mud and straw were mixed together to make daub.
This is how they made their houses: First they placed the vertical wooden poles to form the framework. Next they weaved together branches and vines (the wattle) and place it between the wooden poles. Finally the daub mixture was applied to the wattle to fill the open
spaces and insulate the house. Thatch
roofs covered the top of the houses to
keep out heavy rains. Theses houses
were permanent and were strong enough
to withstand the climate of the southeast. Housing Nanih Waiya Mound The Choctaw Indians are part of a religious group called Muskogeans. They believe that themselves and other Indian tribes emerged from the earth through a mound called Nanih Waiya. They believe that the first tribe to emerge was the Creeks, followed by the Cherokees, Chickasaws, and then themselves. Religion Hominy Banaha The Trail of Tears happened during the mid-1800’s when European settlers passed the Indian Removal Act in 1830. This forced many Native American tribes out of their homelands and into reservations that were over a thousand miles away. The Choctaw was one of the first nations to leave their homes start the long march. While they marched it rained, snowed, and stormed on them and the had little protection from it. After a while they started running out of food to eat. To make matters even worse the Choctaw started dying of white men disease.
They were cold, sick, starving, and tired of walking. Only small children and elderly could ride in the few wagons that they had. About 25oo Choctaw Indians died on the trail. Because of how much they suffered on this journey they called it the Trail of Tears. Trail of Tears
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