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Copy of iroquois food

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jody ferch

on 7 January 2011

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Transcript of Copy of iroquois food

Food The iriquios ate a variety of different foods, most of whih they grew themselves. Their diet consisted of mostly corn, beans and squash. These three foods where all grown in the same feild together. They planted the corn and beans and squash together to promote plant growth. For example the corn acted as poles for the beans and the squash kept the ground moist. Iriquois people only ate one meal a day, this was usually soup made with meat and vegitables. Shelter THe longhouse was the center of iriquois life! Inside the long house was a long isle about 3 metres wide that ran through the center of the longhouse a longhouse was divided into apartments each apartment was 6.1 metres long and held two families. aproximatly 20 families lived in a longhouse. To build long houses men tied long wooden poles together to form arches The men did all of the hunting while the women where at home preparing meals and storing food for winter Clothing Traditional clothing is both useful and beautiful. Both woman and men made their clothing from deer skin. Both men and woman decorated their clothing with porcupine quills and beads. Popular bead work designs included flowers, leaves, and clan shells. Strawberries were a very common design because they were the first to bloom in the new year and they represented a new beginning. Men wore deerskin shirts in cold weather and they wore deerskin sashes in hot weather. Some sashes were made by weaving plant fibres together. Men also wore leggings to cover their lower bodies. The leggings were also made of deerskin and they had fringed edges.
They also wore hats that were decorated with feathers, beads and porcupine quills. The Iroquois sewed their clothing with bone needles using sinew as thread. Woman wore dresses, skirts and leggings which were all make of deerskin. They sometimes wore either belts or sashes around their wastes Woman wore deerskin dresses, skirts and leggins. They sometimes also wore belts or sashes around their waists. Transportation -Sometimes used dug-out canoes, Elm canoes (fishing trips)
To make a dug-out canoe, they cut down a tree, right from the roots. Then they would cut the tree lengthwise. To hollow out the centre of the trunk, the people would char the wood with hot coals. Elm bark canoes were very common because the bark was available in even more regions than birch. However, elm was harder to work with and the elm bark canoes were ugly and very heavy.
-Preferred to travel by land
-Snowshoes (in winter months)
The Iroquois people used hickory wood for the rims and laced them with deerskin thongs.

-Dogs and horses
They used horses for farming, traveling, hauling loads, riding for enjoyment and even in battle.
Ceremonies There are 6 major ceremonies the Maple, Planting, Strawberry, Green Maize, Harvest, and Mid-Winter or New Year's festivals. This included speeches by the keepers of faith, tobacco offerings, and prayer.

The New Year’s festival was usually held in early February and was marked by dream interpretations and the sacrifice of a white dog offered to rid the people of evil.

The Green Maize Festival was in August, it was held when the green corn stood tall in the fields. It was held for four days in which meetings, speeches, prayers, dances, games and tobacco offerings took place. At the end of the festival, there was a great feast of hot corn soup.
A final festival occurred in early January or February called the Midwinter Festival. In this festival there would be the greatest feast of Iroquois people. For seven days they prayed that the Master of Life would grow strong. In one month after this festival, the year would begin again.
In some ceremonies they would dress up as birds, animals and monsters to entertain the crowd; they also used whistles, drums and rattles to make music.
location the iriquois people had to be ready to move at any moment so their camps and supplies where fairly easy to pack up. their camp locations depended on where their main food source was. they had to be ready to follow the buffalo
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