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Psychological Warfare

The best kind of weapon is the one that you never have to fire.
by

Ethan Land

on 7 December 2010

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Transcript of Psychological Warfare

Psychological Warfare The Early Years Greek Fire Roman Barbecues Greek Fire was employed by the Eastern Roman Emperors incinerate their sea-faring enemies. This flammable liquid was sprayed onto enemy warships via a siphon aboard the Byzantine vessels. The incendiary weapon would ignite on contact with the doomed ship and flames would engulf the craft and it's ill-fated crew. Needless to say, any other warships that had accompanied the flaming boat would instantly turn and run. During the Second Punic War, the Roman Empire was susceptible to attact by one the Carthaginian's favorite weapons, the war elphant. These living tanks could not be easily turned away, and it was nearly impossible to kill one. The Romans countered this threat with an animal of their own: flaming pigs. The Roman armies would set pigs alight and send them charging at the enemy lines. The sight of the pigs would not only frighten the enemy soldiers, but also send the elephants into a full retreat, trampling their own troops in the process. Zombieland From 1347-1351 Europe was swept by the bubonic plague, thought this didn't seem to hinder armies at war. During attacks on walled cities, it was common for the assaulting army to launch bodies of those who had died of the plague over the walls and into the streets, in order to spread "the Black Death" among the unfortunate inhabitants of the besieged fortress. This created a double edged sword, the ammassing of dead bodies spattered on the walls and ground, and also the constant threat of an unseen, unstoppable, killing machine that would relent in the winter, only to rise and strike again each spring. The Middle Ages The World At War The Great War World War Two The Great War (World War One) saw the introduction of some of the first shock and awe weapons. The airplane, the tank, and long-range heavy artillery made their debut alongside the dreaded mustard gas, machine guns and minenwerfer mortars. Planes rained death from above, and tanks roamed no-man's-land, as gas and artillery poured down on trenches. Soldier's were extremely prone to becoming shell-shocked, and could become jumpy and delusional, making them unfit for combat. V1 Buzzbomb- German Terror weapon World War Two brought about the age of mobilized warfare, made possible by monoplanes, paratroops, rockets, and jet planes. Nazi Germany mastered the art of psychological warfare with their scientific advances. London and Paris were under constant threat of destruction by the German's vengance weapons. The buzz-bomb, the V2 rocket, and their massive cannon were nearly unstoppable, and could attack day or night, often setting fire to entire cities. The Cold War brought about a new threat, nuclear weapons. This gave the superpowers of the day the ability to strike their enemies with great ferocity at anytime. this threat was unstoppable, and could strike anywhere in the world at a moments notice. The only defense against a nuclear strike was to huddle in hastily made bomb shelters and hope for the best. The Nuclear Age Cold War Today Psychological Warfare today is a chilling combination of all of its past elements. Biological weapons, nuclear weapons, high-powered automatic weapons and mobile artillery rule today's battlefield. Soldiers operate in a target rich environments, but ROEs prevent them from taking initial action. Anyone could be an enemy, waiting to strike, any town could be a powder keg, waiting to be set off. A type of incedental psychological warfare is also employed; the muslim call to prayer- The Adhan. It's haunting echoing tones add a sense of surrealism to the battlefield.
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