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Civil War Newspaper
Transcript of Civil War Newspaper
-JAMES HENRY HAMMOND
The Daily South
New slave on the loose, $50 reward
Sarah and Angelina Grimke
Friday, March 7, 1861
Cotton Production Increases
Because of Abraham Lincoln's election, it has been the last straw for us Southerners. Many states have seceded from the Union. In December of just this past year, South Carolina was the first state to secede on the 20th. Already, five states have seceded in January of this year. Mississippi seceded on along with Florida, Alabama, Georgia, and Louisiana.
Slavery is a big problem concerning the Louisiana purchase. Many abolitionists have argued that slavery shouldn't expand into the west, but think of all the land that could grow cotton! It would be wasted! All that perfectly good, eligible land! What would we do if we couldn't expand slavery? We wouldn't be able to produce cotton! The North and South have come upon an agreement; Maine will be admitted as a free state and Missouri will be admitted as a slave state. After that slavery is not allowed to expand past the 36° 30'N.
Cotton production in the south has increased 20% since Mr. Eli Whitey invented the cotton gin. The southern states have been sending hundreds of bundles of cotton all over the country to produce the clothes we wear on our backs. King Cotton has taken over the South! WE NEED SLAVES to do the labor to keep up with our crops and provide for America!
Sarah and Angelina Grimke are sisters twelve years apart, who were born into a wealthy Grimke family that owns a large slave plantation in Charleston, South Carolina. Their father, John F. Grimke, sent Sarah north to get a better education. While Sarah was up in Pennsylvania she encountered a Quaker community which took part in the Underground Railroad and they convinced her that slavery was wrong. When Sarah came back home, she taught slaves how to read and write. This was preposterous, and it gets even worse. Sarah's thoughts on slavery rubbed off on Angelina which lead to both of them becoming active abolitionists. They both disrespected their family by playing an active role in abolition by teaching slaves how to read, writing letters to
, and supporting women's rights.
Southern States Secede From the Union
No slaves past 36° 30'N
The sisters that tore the family apart
SLAVE AUCTION IN NORTHERN FLORIDA
Come to Northern Florida to buy your new labor! Fresh off the Alabama cotton plantations, these 6 hardworking males will help increase your production for almost nothing! Need someone to clean the house and watch the children? We have 4 young women who can work in the kitchen, cleaning silverware, or watching the children. Come to the town square at 10:00 am on March 10th if you need slaves for your plantation!
Uncle Tom's Cabin
Recently this year a new book was written by abolitionist, Harriet Beecher Stowe was widely read in the North, and has caused a turn for the worst. The book is about slavery, and has caused many northerners to become abolitionists. Many people are listening to what the book has to say about how slaves are treated. Do not read this, if you support slavery!
True or trouble?
Missouri: The exception to the 36° 30'N
Missouri was already a predominate slave holder state
Missouri wanted to be admitted into the US as a slave state
Problem: It would throw off the balance (or ratio 1:1) of slave and free states
Solution: Admit Maine as a free state
What's its influence?
it was repealed by the Kansas-Nebraska Act
used popular sovereignty to decide if each territory would allow slaves or not, once it became a state
resulted in Bloody Kansas
which was a "pre-Civil War" or "warm-up war
Chunk of land we bought from France
less than $0.03/acre
during presidency of Thomas Jefferson
US gained lots more land to expand west (and grow cotton)
Conflict between South and North about expanding slavery
Women's rights before 19th amendment
Women's Rights and Abolition
Women's rights worked very closely with abolition
Good or bad?
chased away people who supported women's rights but not abolition
working on hitting two birds with one stone
19th amendment gave women rights
Ain't I Woman?
That man over there say a woman needs to be helped into carriages and lifted over ditches
and to have the best place everywhere. Nobody ever helped me into carriages or over mud puddles
or gives me a best place. . .
And ain't I a woman? Look at me
Look at my arm! I have plowed and planted
and gathered into barns and no man could head me. . . And ain't I a woman? I could work as much
and eat as much as a man-- when I could get to it--
and bear the lash as well and ain't I a woman? I have born 13 children and seen most all sold into slavery and when I cried out a mother's grief none but Jesus heard me. . . and ain't I a woman? that little man in black there say a woman can't have as much rights as a man cause Christ wasn't a woman
Where did your Christ come from? From God and a woman! Man had nothing to do with him! If the first woman God ever made was strong enough to turn the world upside down, all alone
together women ought to be able to turn it rightside up again.
Lord sent us African Americans because they need us, they can't support themselves so God sent them here to our plantation, here we can help clothe and feed them.
- Southern plantation owners rational behind slavery
John, a young negro male has been missing since last week. He's 5'2, small build, and wears a black cloak. He's fast, but has a small limp. If you find him return to 123 Plantation Drive, $50 reward
Tom, is a 34 year old negro man. He has been believed to go to the north, towards freedom. He's only 5'8 and is believed to have stolen money from his owner. He has multiple places where he's been beaten. If found, return to above address.