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Introduction to Proposal Arguments

Basic introduction to proposal arguments

J. Spillman

on 12 April 2012

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Transcript of Introduction to Proposal Arguments

Step 1: Convince your readers that there is a legitimate problem. Step 2: Explain your proposal Step 3: The Justification The Journey to an Effective Proposal
If you were proposing that GTCC provide more parking, you would need to clearly explain the step-by-step methods of implementing this change, constantly focusing on the value of this proposal.

As pointed out in the text book, some details will be irrelevant, and you will want to avoid those. If you include irrelevant details, you will quickly lose your audience's attention and respect.

However, what do you do about those that are still resistant? For example: A three step method to effective proposal arguments... This is your chance to prove that something is wrong and that it must be fixed.

Do not take this responsibility lightly. If you fail here, the rest of your argument is unimportant.

Remember that your audience is resistant, so you need to consider the needs of the audience. What would get his or her attention? The text book calls this "the need for presence."

How do you create "presence"? Be certain that you understand this from the text. Pathos is going to be a necessity here.

THIS SHOULD BE AT LEAST ONE PARAGRAPH! How do we make an effective policy proposal argument that might convince a resistant audience to allow single service members the same income as married service members?

Let us think of writing this type of argument as some kind of journey. The information you are about to see is reinforced in your text book, so please review it as necessary. Do you know which one of these military members is married? There are two types of proposals, practical and policy. You will need to select the type that best fits the proposal you are making. You should explain your proposal in more detail than you think you need to explain it. Details are crucial here.
Tell the details necessary to show that your proposal is possible in whatever context you are discussing. -At this point, you must finish your argument by convincing your audience that your proposal should be enacted.
-This is where the Toulmin and Rogerian systems become especially valuable.
-If your audience is resistant and does not share your assumptions (warrants) of the value of your argument, then you must prove the value in the warrant section.
-Your audience will also benefit from seeing how the proposal lines up with shared values and beliefs.
-This is all accomplished in the "justification" section of a proposal argument.
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