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The Republic of Madagascar

Madagascar
by

Kevin Lu

on 13 May 2014

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Transcript of The Republic of Madagascar

The island of Madagascar was once a colony of the French (until the 1960 when it gained its independence), so the Malagasy (indigenous people of Madagascar) people have been greatly influenced by the French. For example, 40% of the population are of the Catholic faith because of the French people who brought their religion when they settled in Madagascar, and influenced the people to believe in their religion as well as learn their language.
The Republic of Madagascar
by Austin and Kevin
Madagascar is an island located in the Indian Ocean, off the southeast coast of the African mainland (the coast of Mozambique). It is halfway around the world from Canada, and is located in the Southern Hemisphere (Canada is located in the Northern Hemisphere). It is located in the continent of Africa, while Canada is located in North America.
Physical Characteristics
The Avenue (Alley) of the Baobabs is a large group of baobab trees which line the dirt path. Drawing people from all over Earth, these trees (almost 800 years old) depict the remnants of the once dense forests of the past.
The coordinates of Madagascar's capital, Antananarivo, are 18.3714° S, 47.5424° E
Human Characteristics
Madagascar is a biodiversity hotspot, with amazing species of plant and animal life alike. Many native plant species are used as effective herbal remedies. 90% of it's wildlife is found NOWHERE else on Earth!
The climate is dominated by winds from the southeastern coast of the country.There are only two seasons in Madagascar, dry and cool from May to October and rainy and hot November to April. As the wind comes from the east, the east coast is hit by the monsoon (strong wind from ocean). This region also suffers from sudden and violent cyclones during the hot/rainy season.
Movement
Moved into Madagascar
Petroleum, Capital and Consumer goods, Food
Human-environment Interactions
Slash-and-burn agriculture, locally known as "Tavy," is the art of cutting and burning forests for fertilizer and planting crops in the remains. Eventually, the used soil turns to useless wastelands upon which nothing can grow. This ultimately leads to the destruction of habitats and animal populations to subside.
Raw Materials, Natural Resources, Finished Products
Border Wars
... small
Ideas and Religions
55%
40%
5%
Madagascar frequently has cyclones which cause massive amounts of damage. Cyclone Gafilo (the strongest Cyclone ever recorded to have hit Madagascar killed 172 people, rendered 214 260 people homeless, and caused over 250 million USD of damages.
Efforts are being made to expand the amount of land in protected natural areas. President Ravalomanana has started an initiative to increase the amount of protected land from its 17 000 km2 to over 60 000 km2.
Vanilla
Coffee
Bananas
Sugarcane
Peanuts
Tapioca
Graphite
Chromite
Coal
Fish
Bauxite
As Madagascar is an island, the borders can't exactly move
Race for Africa
The mad scramble for Africa was also known as the Race for Africa. It was the process of the colonization of Africa by European countries. It lasted between 1881 and 1914.
Regions
The East Coast
The Tsaratanana Massif (North)
The Central Highlands
The South West
The narrow strip of East Coast is formed of rich fertile layer of soil. Most of the eastern coastal strip consists of lowlands. The gradually rising slope gives way to the Central highlands. The coast runs in a straight line and therefore natural harbors are not plentiful on the East Coast.
Madagascar Central Highlands form the main center of the island nation. The major cities and towns of the island are located in the Central Highland region of Madagascar. This region is higher than the coastal areas and the elevation of the land escarpment starts at 900 meters. The climate of the Central Highlands is pleasant throughout the year.
The Tsaratanana Massif region at the north end of the island contains, at 2,880 meters, the highest point on the island and, north of this, the Montagne d'Ambre (Ambohitra), which is of volcanic origin. The coastline is deeply indented; two excellent features are the excellent natural harbor at Antsiranana (Diégo Suarez), just south of the Cap d'Ambre (Tanjon' i Bobaomby), and the large island of Nosy-Be to the west.
Southwest region of Madagascar is one of the dry and arid areas of the island. The southwestern part forms a main sub-division of the regions of Madagascar. The region is characterized by a unique topography. The Southwest region of Madagascar is singular in its own way.
Madagascar was once a French colony (until it gained its independence in 1960), which lead to a lot of influence over the Malagasy people, who began to adopt the French ways. For example, today 40% of Madagascar's population believes in the Catholic faith, and the people of Madagascar have begun to use their language as well, making French the second official language of the country.
Madagascar is a developing country, without the luxuries of developed countries such as Canada. The education system is currently free and mandatory for 9-13 year olds. At least one upper secondary school is located in every major urban center, as well as three branches of the national public university in three of the largest cities in the country. Mobile telephone and internet access are limited in urban areas.
Thanks for watching!
- Madagascar belongs to Africa.
- It is a developing country
- It would not be a safe place as there is political unrest and violent outbreaks might occur.
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