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Present Simple continuious

Kevin Burgart

on 18 November 2014

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Transcript of Future

a) T
he Usages of must - have to

b) there is - there are
c) Future : Shall
"Shall" is used to indicate future action.
a) Rules
b) Modals
c) Some Examples
III /Sentences and questions

The Future
INSA Strasbourg
Burgart Kévin
Mathonnet Joris

I / Presentation of the differents modals
a) Rules
b) Modals

II / Sentences and questions
c) Must - to have to
d) There is - There are

III/ Conclusion

Modal verbs are always followed by a verb in its base form. (except with ought to you must add infinitive form after the modal)

Must to - Have to

You can use must only with Simple Present

If you want to say the sth. is unnecessary, use needn't - not mustn't.

How to use

Example 1 : Singular
Thank's for your attention
b) How to form the future with going to
Modal verbs do not take "-s" in the third person in the present simple
Many modal verbs cannot be used in the past tenses or the future tenses.
Example 2 : Plural
' is also often used in the first person (I/we) in questions
: You must get a Job to earn money / She ought
study if she want find a job later.
: He can fly in his dream
: need not shall ought to must might may
II / The future with going to
a) Rules : The Usages of the future with going to
planned actions in the future
Example :
are going to listen
our schoolmate during his presentation
You are certain that sth. is going to happen
in the future.
Example :
Look these stars, they
are going to explose

Subject+to be + going to + infinitive
Example :
m going to see
my mother

Example :
I must learn English. = I have to learn English.

I wasn't allowed to speak French in this class

Do not use must not in Simple Past

Be careful: The negation of must means not allowed to.
In British English
' is often used instead of will in the first person
I will
I shall
They shall not pass !
They shan't pass!
There is student in this room .
There are students in this room

Contractions are only possible there is - there's
Shall we go for a space travel ?
Shall I help you with that?
be able to come with my lightsaber
Shall + Not
Affirmative form
Negative form
Subject+to be +not + going to + infinitive
to be +Subject+ going to + infinitive
Example :
m not going to see
my mother

Example :
Am I going to see
my mother?

We must follow three rules
Use :
- Ability/Permission to do sth. in the present
- Request / Offer
- Suggestion / Possibility
Example : During this crisis the people can have credit without good salary.
Use :
- Ability/Permission to do sth. in the present
- Polite sentences ( request / offer...)

Example :
In the depression the men could not get Jobs and especially the the black men.
b) Modals
Uses :
- Possibility or permission
Example: It may rain today

Uses :
- Possibility (less possible than may) / Hesitant offer /
Example : It might rain today

Must :
- Force / Advice / necessity
Example : The president concluded that help for people must come from bewon the traditional private or local government sources.

b) Modals
Must not / May not
Uses :
Example : You mustn't work too much on computer

Need not
Uses :
Not necessary
Example:I needn't go to the PFM

ought to
Uses :
Give advice
Example : Mary ought to work better if she wants have her graduate

Shall :
Uses :
Example: Shall I help you for yours homeworks
b) Modals
Uses :
- Advice
- Obligation
Example: You should be more careful with this crisis

Uses :
- Request/Demand/Order
- Promise
- Spontaneous decision
Example : I will be more patient next year.It's a promise

Uses :
- Wish
- Habits in the past
Example : Sometimes he would play tennis

b) How to form the future with going to
affirmative sentences
Subject + Modal + infinitive form + rest of sentence
Negative sentences :
Subject + Modal + not + infinitive form + rest of sentence
Subject + Modal + infinitive form + rest of sentence
Modal + Subject + base form of the verb
Yes-No Questions
Wh-word + Modal + Subject + Base form
Example :
Can they come to help their grandmother ?
Example :
When can they come to help their grandmother
Example : We must speak English now in this world
Example : We mustn't speak french in this class

Link : http://www.yale.edu/graduateschool/writing/forms
Permission Ability Obligation Prohibition
Advice possibility or probability
Follow 2 main Rules
Full transcript