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World War I: Life in the Trenches
Transcript of World War I: Life in the Trenches
World War Safety and Why Mornings In the Trenches every soldier was on a firing step in case of attack at dawn most likely time for attack
unspoken truce between the countries about no shooting at meal time
the men ate when food was available
if it was a quite day soldiers relaxed, wrote letters, fixed equipment
sometimes the men slept, but it was difficult because of the rats and lice
the men also tried to rid themselves of lice
after a week to 10 days the men at the front trenches were replaced so that they could get some rest Conditions prone to disease and illness
keeping clean was next to impossible,
the drinking water supply was next to none, so the men had to remain dirty
walking ankle deep in water resulted trench foot
during non warm seasons it was pure cold and misery
sickening smell of decaying bodies along the lines
the cries of wounded soldiers dieing in no mans land and in the trench
the men were covered in lice and it was difficult to get rid of it
the soldiers slept outside under water proof sheets
the officers slept in dugouts and shelters dug deep enough so that men could walk around
a fire step was facing the enemy so a soldier could aim a rifle at the enemy
used to keep men covered from enemy fire
designed to make it as difficult as possible for the enemy to overrun
if soldier popped his up out of the trench he could be killed by an enemy sniper Repairs and Construction most work was done at night
patrols were sent out to observe and raid enemy trenches so it was safer to work
the goal was to repair their front line parapets and make it ready for the next
by nightfall constructed dugouts and communication trenches
repair the barbed wire fences along the trenches
trenches made from shell fire
dug out with mess pans, shovels, picks or by hand Experiences "That was the first time I ever fought in close quarters and the emotions I experienced are impossible to put on paper``
"It seemed a brutal thing to turn away and leave a man in the trench to die, but at times it was necessary"
"Often we would go up and look at the men in the trench and decide which should be brought down and which were so badly wounded that they could not live anyway." (deciding on which injured person to bring to doctor)
``The lice were terrible, making you itch as they ate you. The kilts we wore were pleated and the lice got into the pleats, hundreds of them.``
life was mud, lice, German shells, trench raids, grave digging
both sides had the same misery and fear
the men continued to fight to not let their friends down Hayden, Dallas, Erica, Margaux, Taylor Trench Layout/Design -trench systems consisted of a series of interconnected trenches
-at the front were small trenches
-only manned by a few soldiers and used for reconnaissance or as the first line of defence
-next was the main front trenches manned by the bulk of the troops
-the next main trench was the reserve line which was placed back a short distance from the front trench and ran parallel to it
-here soldiers would wait to be sent to the main front trench
-last main component was communications trenches
-scattered throughout the trenches: command posts, supply storage, machine gun emplacements, etc.
-bottom had wooden planks (duck boards) to help keep feet dry when muddy
-allies regarded trenches as temporary built more basic compared to the German's which had temporary electricity