Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

Drama

Codes and conventions of dramatic writing for Grade 12 Writer's Craft.
by

Vivian Ha

on 2 May 2014

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Drama

DRAMA
Vivian Ha
what is drama?
Drama is a type of literature. It uses the plot and character elements in fiction, and the sights and sounds in poetry, becoming its own unique genre by being performed in front of an audience.

Drama is a Greek word meaning "action" or "doing".

A drama is meant to be rather than

A playwright is just the of the play.

The actor's interpretation, director's vision, and technician's skill in stage craft are all crucial to
seen
read.
bones
bring it alive.
elements of drama
script
The written version of a drama, that acts as a map for the actors. It contains directions, cast and dialogue.
acts and scenes
Scripts are made of acts, which are divided into scenes. Each scene or act often indicates a change in time and setting.
stage directions
Stage directions usually describe how the actors should move around and speak, as well as provide instructions on the lighting, sound effects and music of certain scenes.
setting
The location and time of the play, and also the lighting and sound effects. The setting helps present a certain mood or atmosphere.
cast of characters
The cast of characters in a drama are at the beginning of a script. It is also sometimes called a dramatic personae. It may also describe the background of each character.
meaning
form
style
To understand the meaning of plays, you must determine the
sdlskdfj
and , and the character interaction that establishes them.
issues
themes
interpreting
character
Examine what the characters say and do and interpret the meaning behind it

What do they say about themselves?
what kind of face or gestures do they make when speaking?
Do their words match their deeds and motives?
interpreting
setting
Stage directions also hold information about the setting of the play.

The playwright could also describe how the furniture is placed and describe the shapes and colours of the props and clothing.

Stage directions will also give instructions about how to set the lighting of the stage.

All of these set the mood and atmosphere of the play,

and help the audience determine what kind of issues and themes the play will revolve around.
concept
of satire
Some playwrights may use a
pathetic fallacy,
in which the setting is changed to fit the feelings and emotions of a character.
Satire is a kind of style used to mock and make witty remarks at social conventions, beliefs and traditions.

Satire usually serves to bring large issues into light in the hopes of igniting social change.

when interpreting the meaning of plays, the viewer must also be able to recognize satirical tone if it is written in the script.


internal structure
external structure
(PARTS OF A PLAY)
(GENRE OF A PLAY)
EXPOSITION
The part when the play begins, introducing thecharacters and background information.

The way that it begins is very crucial, as its purpose is to lure the audience’s attention.

The playwright must decide what kind of impact they want the introduction to have on the audience, and what the purpose of it in the entire play.
dramatic incitement
The part of the play that raises the main action of the play.

It is when a problem or dilemma presents itself, and poses the play’s


dramatic question.
complication
Where the main action of the play takes place.

The characters react to the dramatic incitement and the developments that may form from it.

This is similar to the in a short story or novel.
rising action
climax
Late in the play, when the dramatic question is answered.
resolution
The final part of the play, where the problems and events are concluded. This part is also called the
denouement.
comedy
Points out human weakness and limitations by making us laugh at characters.

Plots are usually implausible, with coincidences and mistakes. True comedy ends happily. The characters are likeable and ordinary

tragedy
Portrays potentials that have been missed.

It usually contains characters that are noble and respected.

It also has tragic heroes, who in the end face an unfortunate fate at the end of the play due to a flaw in their character or judgment
tragicomedy
A play that combines the elements of both tragedy and comedy.

It may have a happy ending to a tragic story.
melodrama
Melodramas are about human anguish and suffering in simplistic ways.

Like tragic heroes, the main characters face an unfortunate fate, but not always from their own doing.

The characters do not have as much depth, and the endings are usually happy
language
prose & verse
pace and tone
asides
&
soliloquies
dramatic irony
When determining a playwright’s style, it’s important to analyze his/her language.

It has a large influence on how the audience understands the characters and mood of the play.
Plays may be written in or

Prose is used as a more casual speech, while verse is more dramatic.

Usually characters that are noble speak in verse, and comic characters speak in prose.
prose
verse.
Short sentences moves the plot on a quicker pace, which may be used to build up excitement and tension, as well as for jokes and playfulness.

Sometimes short dialogue may lead to a longer one, which gradually brings the audience in to focus more on the significance of the long passage.
To help the audience understand a character’s inner thoughts, playwrights can either use an or

The aside is when the character whispers, or makes a short comment directed to the audience.

The soliloquy is when the character expresses their inner thoughts and feelings in great detail, performed alone.

aside
soliloquy.
Dramatic irony is a device that lets the audience know more about a situation than the characters in a play.

Therefore, the audience can then see an outcome different from that of the characters.

It creates tension in the audience, and helps focus on the action of the play.
dramatic forms
and styles
opera
dance,
motion pictures,
radio
television
There are many different types of dramas, such as opera, mime, dance, music and poetry.

can be described as a play set to music. Operas may be continuous in song, or alternate between speech and song.

such as ballet has always been connected with dramatic representation along with music and performance.

With the script writer is important but not a dominant role, as the director is the one that decides how the scenes should be interpreted and portrayed.

In and have also developed dramatic forms, and due to the lack of a visual presentation, the writer and actors stress out the sounds and sights with poetic quality.

sources
Adams, Janice Lynn Oberg, Cathy Costello, and Stephen Naylor. Reading and writing for success senior. Toronto: Harcourt Canada, 2001. Print.

Barclay, Susanne, Peter Weeks, and Judy Coghill. Canadian students' guide to language, literature and media. Toronto: Oxford University Press, 2001. Print.

"The range of dramatic forms and styles." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 9 Jan. 2014. <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/692967/dramatic-literature/51080/The-range-of-dramatic-forms-and-styles>.
Full transcript