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Geography Ecozone Project: Atlantic Maritime

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Nadine Joinville

on 25 May 2011

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Transcript of Geography Ecozone Project: Atlantic Maritime

Atlantic Maritime Geography Ecozone Brochure An Ecozone can be described as where organisms and their environment are a system. In Canada each ecozone is cassified by the landform, vegetation, soil and climate. Climate The Atlantic Maritime has a Maritime Climate, which means that due to the nearness of a large body of water. The Gulf Stream brings up a warmer air and water, as the Labrador Current brings down the cold Northern Arctic water and air, creating much fog in the area. During the winter its more milder with an average of -5°C, and during the summer its cooler with an average temp of 14°C. This makes the average tempurature smaller and more moderate. It is also very wet in the Maritime, with tons of precipitation up to 900-1500mm a year. All of these factors are a part of Canada's Natural Systems in Climate, which are the differences between each ecozone. Location The Atlantic Maritime is in the provinces of Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and P.E.I, along with the Gaspé and Southeastern parts of Quebec. In the Paleozoic Era, when Pangea was still together. The North American Continent was colliging into the African Continent creating sharp jagged mountains, that are now the the appalachian mountains that take up the Atlantic Maritime. But after thousand year eroding are now rounded, rolling mountain, hills and valleys. Atlantic Landform Soil After the hundreds of millimetres of acidic rain that pours down on the Atlantic Maritime each year. The soil is leached since the water washes away the nuritents from the plants, less fertile, and keeps the mineral material down. Making the soil only good for trees and other long rooted plants. Vegetation The Atlantic Maritime is in the Mixed Forest, which means that there are both Deciduous and Coniferous Forests. Which include Birch, Beech, Spruce, Balsam Fir and Pine. It is the third most forested ecozone with %76 covered. Human Characteristics From being so close to the Atlantic Ocean, the core of the economy is fishing and only good soil where bedrock is can there be agriculture like the famous P.E.I potato farms, finally there is the forestry industry. So the peole who live here are very adapted to the area, with at least 2.5 million people, as a population density of 12.6 people per km2. Many people in this ecozone tend to do many things that involve the environment, like whale watching, small fishing, tourism, historical sites and lumbering. Fundy National Park This National Park is located in Southern New Brunswick, holding some of the last remaining wilderness in the province where coniferous trees mostly dominate and the most unique about it is that is has the worlds highest tides to come in and out daily giving vistiors a beautiful and changing scenery all the time. Ecological Integrity In this park they take steps to conserve every acre of the land and every thing inside. They even encourage visitors to come and learn about ecofriendly, protecting Canada's land. Reducing the greenhouse gases, is a large goal as well, already eliminating the emissions by 17% or 230 tonnes. Ecologists understand that the environment can be harmed easily and makes sure that others can enjoy in in a safe setting for them and the area. This ecozones natural features are all effected by the water thats near it. With the large ocean beside it, to the bays that surrounded it and lakes that run through it. There are many water features that are unique to ecosystems like the Bay of Fundy Tides that do change the way vegetation grows and where wildlife live. Natural Features All the features in the ecozone are all linked in a way. Due to the nearness of water the climate is more wet, with a smaller tempurature range. With the wetter climate, the soil is leached giving the population barely any farm land to grow crops. Giving more room for forestry and wildlife, only wildlife that become adapted to the more warmer climate, and trees that can survive in the soil with longer roots. Human Activites Many people in this ecozone are mainly in to the fishing industry, but too make sure the oceans and bays stay populated lots of people become fish farmers, because there isnt much farm land to produce on, much of the recreation is mostly the same for this ecozones provinces as it is for others, but with from being by water there are tons of people who boat and fish for recreation. What to do? In the Fundy National Park there are many activites to do if visiting its lush forests, ever changing tides or observing the wildlife. Camping is very popular but quite strict with the rules, just to insure the land and your protection, along with hiking and view points. There are places to fish, boat, swim, or even walks on the tide beach and see all the different things that can wash up. As well Fundy has a breath taking whale watching tour that thousands come over the country to see. Why is Fundy a National Park? This National Park has some of the most unique natural characteristics in not only Cananda but the world, from the water ways to the rich nature. There arent to many Parks in the Atlantic Maritime Ecozone, around in Fundy there is much urbanization that even threatened to take over but after letting the land heal its self with help of reservationists it looks as though it did 20 years ago. As well with the animal species, being so different with the climate and land must be protected like the salmon and beavers. The affect All human activites somehow affect the environment, either in a positive or negitive way. Many things like deforestation that happens alot in the Atlantic Maritime Ecozone due to the lack of farmland, and fishing can lead to over fishing in areas where a species of fish can become endangered. This is when fish farming takes place as fishermen lose their stock so they keep fish in a controlled environment and feeding, basically growing their own fish.
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