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Evolution of Technology in Cinema

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on 12 February 2014

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Transcript of Evolution of Technology in Cinema

1900
1950
2050
1850
2000
Evolution of Technology in Cinema
The Beginnings of Motion Pictures
1850's
Precursors:
Pinhole camera, Camera obscura
1878
"Sallie Gardener" filmed with the zoopraxioscope
1887
First Movie Camera Developed by Louis Le Prince
1888
First moving sequence film, "Rounding Garden Scene"
1889
First Motion Picture exhibition
1895
Lumiere Brother's "Cinenatograph" is developed, beginning the motion picture era
Late 1890's
First motion picture companies
are established



Technology at the Turn of the Century
First theaters dedicated to motion pictures are established:
Vitoscope Hall, Islington Palace, Nickelodeon
Color in motion pictures (1900-1915):
Kinemacolor, Biocolour, Technicolor
Sound in motion pictures:
1890's-1920's "Silent Era"
1926 Warner Brothers introduces the Vitophone,
Birth of the "talkies"
By 1930's, film and cinema had become a global phenomenon, securing Hollywood's position as a powerful cultural and commercial system.

Film and the Great Depression
"Hollywood played an important role in providing reassurance and hope to a demoralized nation."
60-80 million Americans attended the movies weekly
"Escapism" Forget your troubles for a while
Films reflected the struggle of the times e.g. "Gangster" films
Industry's response to the formation of "Legion
of Decency" had a strong positive effect on the
role of women in film, and ultimately, in society.


2nd half of the Depression decade saw a shift in the type of films being produced: Heros, detectives, westerns, rise of the comedy
Film During War Time (1939-1945)
Motion pictures became a great tool for keeping the nation strong and in high spirits.

Films depicted war in a positive light, showing great optimism and hope
Became more than just a source of entertainment but a
source of news, information, and education
.
Kept the nation informed about the progress of the war
Encourages individuals to donate to the war efforts

1946
Theater attendance reaches an all time high in Hollywood
Modern Film Technology 1950-1980
Combination of live action and animation
Demise of the "studio system"
More films shot on location
Shift to the home cinema with the emergence of VHS and DVD
Rise in sound technology
Surround sound, spectral recording
Increase in viewing quality
Cinerama, Panavision, and IMAX
The rise of digital special effects
1980-present
Digital downloads
The internet
Resurgence of 3D Films, beginning with James Cameron's
Avatar
in 2009
Digital film replaced traditional film
CGI animated films created a competition for the greatest advance in animation technology
What the Future Holds
Increased accessibility to films, as well as the dropping costs of film equipment will lead to more independent film making.
Advanced CGI animation will replace the need for stuntmen, sets, and ultimately actors.
3D, 4D, Hologram technology and Virtual Reality Films will immerse the viewer into the movie experience.

What will be the next big thing in film technology?
Full transcript