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Transformational Leadership

LEAD 9318 Final Exam Group Presentation - Transformational Leadership
by

Chastity Richmond

on 15 November 2014

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Transcript of Transformational Leadership

Transformational Leadership
Presented By:
Rose Alcoser
Hamid Khan
Chastity L. Richmond

Potential Impact

"We conclude that transformational leadership, enhanced by training, can augment the development of human resources and their performance in a variety of organizational contexts."
- Dvir, Avolio, Shamir, 2002

Think for themselves
Give constructive criticism
Are their own person
Are innovative and creative
Take initiative
Participate Actively
Self-Starters
go above and beyond the job
Transformational Leadership
Burns & Bass

The concept of transformational leadership was
initially introduced by leadership expert James MacGregor Burns.
According to Burns, transformational leadership can be seen when "leaders and followers make each other advance to a
higher level of morale and motivation
."
Through the
strength of their vision and personality
, transformational leaders are able to inspire followers to change expectations, perceptions, and motivations to work towards common goals.
Later, Bernard M. Bass expanded upon Burns' original ideas to develop what is today referred to as Bass’ Transformational Leadership Theory.
According to Bass, transformational leadership can be defined based on the impact that it has on followers.
Transformational leaders, Bass suggested, garner trust, respect, and admiration from their followers.
Tranformational Leadership Concept & History
In their classic text, 
Transformational Leadership
 , authors Bass and Riggio explain: "Transformational leaders... are those
who stimulate and inspire
followers to both achieve extraordinary outcomes and, in the process, develop their own leadership capacity."
Transformational leaders
help followers grow and develop into leaders
by responding to individual followers' needs by empowering them and by aligning the objectives and goals of the individual followers, the leader, the group, and the larger organization.
Researchers have found that this style of leadership can have a positive effect on the group. "Research evidence clearly shows that groups led by transformational leaders have
higher levels of performance and satisfaction
than groups led by other types of leaders," explained psychologist and leadership expert Ronald E. Riggio in an article appearing on the Psychology Today website.
The reason, Riggio suggests, that transformational leaders
believe that their followers can do their best
, leading members of the group to
feel inspired and empowered
.
Transformational Salvation -
The Ultimate Tranformed Leader

Plan of Action
Three Steps for Action

Increases Performance
Researchers who have studied organizations that utilize
transformational leaders
frequently confirmed this outcome.
Transformational leadership
develops followers who can perform beyond their own and others' expectations
.
Individual Growth & Development
Transformational leadership helps transform members of a group into individuals who
transcend beyond self-actualization and their own self-interests
for the sake of the group or organization.
Also includes individual moral development.
Transformational leaders
commit themselves to selfless ideals and align their personal principles and values
to the organization, group and society. The leader
nurtures his followers' moral development
to internalize these same values and principles.
Organizational Development & Change
The impact of transformational leadership reaches every level of an organization. At the team level, you can find members that
care, stimulate, inspire and motivate each other
. Bass and colleagues, in their 1978 paper in
"Group and Organization Studies,
" termed the effect that transformational leadership throughout an organization has the
"falling dominoes effect."
Upper-level transformational leaders
set an organization's direction and vision
, influencing how lower levels of an organization operate.
Transformational leadership can also
help a company meet new challenges
with reorganization, strategic redirection and/or downsizing.
Wide Application
Transformational leadership can be applied to a
variety of settings
.
It can effectively be applied to business,
militaristic, industrial, hospital and educational settings
.
Transformational leadership can
improve the capability of a sales force, help a company reshape its image in the marketplace and create a positive environment for employees
.
The Legecy of
John F. Kennedy

Civil Rights Movement
The Kennedy Family Legacy
Idealized Influence - Attributed

Introduction
Bass 1999
Transformational Leadership is an important factor at both the
micro, macro, individual level, organizational, and societal level
.
According to Bass 1999, the article published in the "European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology,"
transformational leadership is more effective than transactional leadership
.
Definiton of Theory
Transformational leadership is a type of leadership style that
inspires positive changes
in those who follow.
It even fosters
“Positive Organizational Behavior”
for follower extra effort and organizational efficiency.
Transformational leaders are characterized by their
energetic, enthusiastic, and passionate behavior
.
Not only are these leaders concerned and involved in the process; they are also focused on
helping every member of the group succeed as well
.
The extreme form of transformational leadership is the servant leadership where the leader himself or herself
gains trust of followers by servitude
.
Transformational Leadership -
Its Explanations and Implications
Individualized Consideration
 – Transformational leadership also involves offering support and encouragement to individual followers. In order to foster supportive relationships, transformational leaders keep lines of communication open so that followers feel free to share ideas and so that leaders can offer direct recognition of the unique contributions of each follower.

Idealized Influence -Attributed
– The transformational leader serve as a role model for followers. Because followers trust and respect the leader, they emulate this individual and internalize his or her ideals.

Idealized Influence -Behavioral
–The transformational leaders behavior, as observed by the followers, inspires in them a desire to be like the leader-honest, truthful, moral and ethical. Acceptance is generated by the followers because leader behavior is transparent and above reproach.

Inspirational Motivation
 – Transformational leaders have a clear vision that they are able to articulate to followers. These leaders are also able to help followers experience the same passion and motivation to fulfill these goals.

Intellectual Stimulation
 – Transformational leaders not only challenge the status quo; they also encourage creativity among followers. The leader encourages followers to explore new ways of doing things and new opportunities to learn.
History
of
Transformational Leadership
It is a
new paradigm of leadership
that has captured widespread attention in today's world. It is known for its effectiveness and surprising effects on followers.

James McGregor Burns 1978
conceptualized that leadership is either transactional or transformational.
Transactional leaders are those who lead through
social exchange
. As Burns 1978 notes, politicians, for example, lead by “exchanging one thing for another: jobs for votes, or subsidies for campaign contributions.” In the same way, transactional business leaders offer financial rewards for productivity or deny awards for lack of productivity.
Transformational leaders, on the other hand, are those who
stimulate and inspire followers
to both achieve extraordinary outcomes and, in the process, develop their own leadership capacity.
Transformational leaders help followers
grow and develop
into leaders by responding to individual follower’s needs by
empowering
them and by aligning the objectives and goals of individual followers, the leader, the group, and finally the organization.
Transformational leadership can
move followers
to exceed expected performance, as well as lead to higher levels of followers’ satisfaction and commitment.
Extension of Theory
The Ethics of Transformational Leadership
Rests Upon Three Pillars

1)
Moral character of the leader
2)
The ethical legitimacy of the values embedded in leader’s vision
3)
The morality of the process of social ethical choice
The Legecy of John F. Kennedy
Conflict with Russia
Cuban Missile Crisis
Meeting with Nikita Khrushev in 1961
Addressing the Nation
Inspirational Motivation
Creation of the Peace Corp
&
Pulitzer Prize for Biography in 1957
The official White House portrait of John F. Kennedy by Aaron Shikler
References
Bass, B. (1985). Leadership and performance beyond expectations. Free Press New York 1985

Bass (1998 ). Transformational leadership: industrial, military, and educational impact. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Mahwah, New Jersey

Bass and Avolio (1993) Transformational leadership: a response to critiques in MM chandlers, R. Ayman (eds.) leadership theory and research: perspectives and directions, Free Press, New York.

Bass, B., Riggio, R. (2006). Transformational leadership 2e. Psychology press, New York, New York

Bass, B. M., & Steidlmeier, P. (1999). Ethics, character, and authentic transformational leadership behavior.
Leadership Quarterly
,
10
(2), 181-217.

Kets de Vries, M., Hellwig, T., Vrignaud, P., Ramo, L. G., Florent-Treacy, E., & Korotov, K. (2008). Sustainable effectiveness of a transformational leadership development program: An exploratory study. Manscript submitted for publication. Retrieved from http://www.insead.edu/facultyresearch/research/details_papers.cfm?id=26204

Dvir, T., Avolio, B. J., & Shamir, B. (2002). Impact of transformational leadership on follower development and performance: A field experiment.
Academy of Management Journal
,
45
(4), 735-744.
LEAD 9318: Leadership Assessment
John F. Kennedy
Individual Consideration
Idealized Influence - Behavioral
Kennedy takes the oath of office administration on January 20, 1961 at the Capitol
Intellectual Stimulation
Conclusions
Questions?
In a 2002 study by Dvir, Avolio, and Shamir, transformational leadership has a positive impact on the development of followers' empowerment in terms of their
critical-independent approach and self-efficacy
.
When
higher levels of motivation
are shown by leaders the followers perform beyond the contractual expectations therefore producing
extra effort
results.
Transformational leaders are able to get
their followers to transcend their self-interest
for the sake of the team or organization. The development of the follower's morality in terms of a
collectivistic orientation
is positively impacted by transformational leadership.
The Best Followers...
Space Race
Inspirational Motivation
Kennedy proposing to land men on the Moon to Congress in May 1961
Transformational leadership is a type of leadership style that
inspires positive changes
in those who follow.
Transformational leadership is the
most discrete and effective
leadership style for conflict resoultion.
The five components of transformational leadership are
individualized consideration, idealized influence - attributed, idealized influence befhavioral, inspirational motivation and intellectual stimulation
.
Transformational leaders
help followers grow and develop into leaders
by responding to individual follower’s needs by
empowering
them and by aligning the objectives and goals of individual followers, the leader, the group, and finally the organization.
Transformational leadership can
move followers
to exceed expected performance, as well as lead to higher levels of followers’ satisfaction and commitment.
"Transformational leaders... are those
who stimulate and inspire
followers to both achieve extraordinary outcomes and, in the process, develop their own leadership capacity."
Transformational leaders are characterized by their
energetic, enthusiastic, and passionate behavior
.
Full transcript