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The American Progressive Period (1880-1921)
Transcript of The American Progressive Period (1880-1921)
Main points in education in the 1880-1921
Back then children worked many hours with their parents in factories. Which gave them fewer opportunities to achieve a good education back then.
Children worked with their parents which meant they had little education opportunity.
Then the progressive law passed which shorten the amount of hours children could work in factories.
Urban schools were overcrowded and the conditions were very poor.
By 1920 all states had laws the required children to attend elementary school.
Also, 15 million immigrants came to the U.S.
1,000 public schools were opened.
Segregation in education in 1880-1921
During this time period schools were still highly segregated.
Schools were based on race and if you were African American you were treated unfairly and didn't have the same things as a white person during school.
African American students had to go to a separate public school, that received less funding.
Supplies were very scarce and didn't have the proper things for schooling.
African American teachers could only teach at African American schools and were payed lower than a white teacher.
Role of the Teachers
Teachers were considered professionals.
Many teachers grew unhappy with the emphasis on standardization. Teachers wanted more freedom in the classroom to expand lessons or make them fun/creative.
A result of this was the 1st teachers' labor union formation. This protected the working rights of teachers. The union fought to improve the working conditions, salary, and status of teachers. During this period, women entered the workforce in greater numbers. Teacher prep programs in college replaced normal schools. There was an emphasis on educational theories. Teachers had to be well trained and qualified in order to guide a classroom.
By: Rebecca Ventura, Madison Ari, Chloe McCune, and Ivan Flores
American Philosopher and Educator
Birthday: October 20, 1859 (Burlington, Vermont)
* Teaching careers
-professor at several colleges (Columbia University)
*education & equal learning opportunities
*Member of the American Federation of Teachers
*Wrote 5 books about education
*Education and learning are social and interactive processes.
*Students understand the material better when they experience
and have hands on activities with the curriculum.
*Education should not revolve around memorizing facts. It should
include expanding physically, morally, and intellectually
*Teacher served as guiding learning aides rather than information providers
Death: June 1, 1952 (92 Years Old) (New York City)
By 1855, the first school law stating curriculum requirements was passed by the General Assembly. The list of subjects required by the law to be taught was orthography (spelling), reading, writing, arithmetic, English grammar, and geography. Foreign language could be taught based on community demand.
In 1869, at the Indiana General Assembly, physiology was added to the list of required subjects. The understanding of disease and the improvement of medicine in general were becoming more widespread. It was hoped that the addition of the study of personal health might help combat disease and ill health among both the rural and urban population. The physiology course also provided a legitimate vehicle for the introduction of temperance and anti-tobacco education. Led to the addition of biology, chemistry, and bacteriology in the 1900s.
Previous education was incredibly basic, and the curriculum changed based on the region or state in which the school was located. For example, The course of study offered in the scattered public schools of Indiana was very basic,–the proverbial "3 R’s." (Reading, Writing, and Arithmetic) Few teachers were qualified to teach much more than reading, writing (penmanship), and basic arithmetic.
By the close of the Civil War, teaching was becoming a respected, professional occupation. Teacher’s colleges were becoming more prevalent and schools of education were being added to universities nationwide. Improved teaching techniques, more competent teachers and advanced educational theories. A desire for more advanced curriculum, modern teaching methods and a uniform course of study grew statewide. By the 1870s a movement to elevate the rural school system closer to the level of urban schools began to grow.
How could technology be used during this time period to help the teacher to teach students of many different levels?
Educational Leaders Continued
History of Career Technology Education was
established to prepare students for the many
career opportunities in specific trades and occupations
where skilled workers were needed. It was established
by the Smith-Hughes Act of 1917.
They aide visual learners by showing examples of how things work by taking advantage of websites such as google images or youtube for pictures and videos.
Teachers now have edmodos and blogs to connect with their students and give out extra help them to understand material.
A lot more people would be more successful because they can get more motivation from their teachers via email or telephone.
A student can get more stuff done, for example a teacher can tell students to fill out notes on the computer to have more time to teach other things in the class room or go in depth about the topic. (Flipped Classrooms)
Birthdate: August 31, 1870 (Ancona, Italy)
*Attended University of Rome
*Worked with children in mental asylums to study mental disabilities shortly after graduating
*Contributed to education by providing methods that helped children with disabilities learn
*Devised successful educational methods
-all disabled or special needs children passed exams
*1907- Opened the Casa dei Bambini, or the "Children's House" where she taught poor children ages 5-6.
-"Free Choice Activities" (sparked more interest)
*Independence and freedom in learning / choosing interest
Died May 6, 1952 (81 Years Old) (Netherlands)
Career and Technology