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The Burning of the American Flag
Transcript of The Burning of the American Flag
Flag Burning History
1776-77: Betsy Ross sewed the first American flag
The first Flag Act
1777-1960: Congress made many changes in the design in arrangement in the flag
1794: Provided 15 stripes and 15 stars after May 1795
1818: Provided 13 stripes and one star for each state to be added to the flag on the 4th of July following the admission of each new state
1912: Arrangement of the stars in six horizontal rows of eight each and single point of each star to be upward
Flag burning has been used as a symbol of freedom of expression since the Vietnam War:
1968: Adoption of Federal Flag Discretion Law--Made it illegal to "knowingly" cast "contempt" upon "any flag of the United States by publicly mutilating, defacing, defiling, burning or trampling upon it."
1969: Street v. New York--Supreme Court held that NY couldn't convict a person for verbal remarks disparaging the flag. He was arrested after learning civil rights leader James Meredith was shot Street burnt his own flag in front of a small crowd stating "we don't need no damn flag." The court avoided deciding whether or not flag burning was protected by the First Amendment
History of Burning
1989: Texas v. Johnson--Supreme Court upheld Texas finding that Texas law - making it a crime to "desecrate" or "mistreat" the flag in a way that the "actor knows will seriously offend one or more persons." This was the first time the Supreme Court had directly considered the appropriateness of the First Amendment to flag burning
1990: United States v. Eichman--Passage of the Flag Protection Act resulted in a significant amount of flag burning in protest. Supreme Court overturned numerous flag convictions brought under the Flag Protection Act of '89. Federal law still focused on the limiting of symbolic speech
History of Flag Burning (cont.)
Rituals and how to treat the flag:
Should be lighted at all times
Should only be flown in good weather
Never flown upside down unless in distress
Never used as a decoration
Never used for advertising
Never used as a costume or athletic outfit
Never have a mark or insignia over it
Never touch the ground when lowered
27 March 2015
1) Flag burning is disrespectful to veterans and military families
1959: Provided for the arrangement of seven stars in seven rows each and staggered horizontally and vertically
Provided for the arrangement of the stars in nine rows staggered horizontally and eleven rows staggered vertically
Today: Thirteen horizontal stripes alternating red and white, representing the original 13 colonies
50 stars for 50 states
Red: Hardiness and Valor
White: Purity and Innocence
Blue: Vigilance, Preservation, and Justice
Should be neatly and ceremoniously folded
Should be cleaned and mended when necessary
When no longer fit to serve our country, should be destroyed in a dignified manner
"History of American Flag." USA Flag Site: History of the American Flag. N.p., 2012. Web. 16 Mar. 2015. <http://www.usa-flag-site.org/history.shtml>.
Images (in order of showing)
American Flag. N.d. Fine Art America. Web. 14 Mar. 2015. <http://images.fineartamerica.com/images-medium-large-5/25-american-flag-les-cunliffe.jpg>.
Grunge American Flag Background Vector. N.d. Deposit Photos. Web. 15 Mar. 2015. <http://static9.depositphotos.com/1021369/1130/v/950/depositphotos_11302077-grunge-american-flag-background.-vector-illustration-eps-10..jpg>.
Flag. N.d. Para Storage. Web. 15 Mar. 2015. <http://static.parastorage.com/media/db5161_cfef93b435d26653546aa23a9a5de397.jpg_256>.
Folded Flag. 2010. Word Press. Web. 24 Mar. 2015. <https://danieldeubank.files.wordpress.com/2010/11/folded_flag.jpg>.
Bridgman, Jeff. Antique Centennial Flag. N.d. Jeff Bridgman. Web. 27 Mar. 2015. <http://jeffbridgman.com/images/tempflags/36j-823-flag-72.jpg>.
It feels like someone throws away everything that one's family has ever fought and possibly died for
The feeling is like being walked on after one has tried so hard to get something accomplished
If one lives in the US and burns a flag, they should ultimately be forced to be on the front lines of battle protecting it and the freedom that Americans know so well
2) Burning of the American flag should only be done ceremoniously
3) Flag burning is closely related to terrorism and extremism
Dog Tags on Flag. N.d. AFSCME. Web. 27 Mar. 2015. <http://www.afscme.org/blog/summary-image/dog-tags-on-flag.jpg>.
Tattered American Flag. N.d. Dreams Time. Web. 29 Mar. 2015. <http://thumbs.dreamstime.com/x/tattered-american-flag-5479402.jpg>.
American Flag Burning. N.d. Daily Mail. Web. 29 Mar. 2015. <https://www.google.com/search?hl=en&authuser=0&site=imghp&tbm=isch&source=hp&biw=1366&bih=643&gs_ivs=1&q=tattered+American+flag&oq=tattered+American+flag&gs_l=img.18...16220.17132.0.185188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206.826.1j5.6.0.msedr...0...1ac.6.64.img..11.0.0.t9GTXo0H1uc#hl=en&authuser=0&tbm=isch&q=american+flag+being+burned&imgdii=_&imgrc=ID9bZkjQsAuCgM%253A%3BKG61MSYJ6VdTAM%3Bhttp%253A%252F%252Fi.dailymail.co.uk%252Fi%252Fpix%252F2012%252F09%252F15%252Farticle-2203291-1502B1D4000005DC-573_964x708.jpg%3Bhttp%253A%252F%252Fwww.dailymail.co.uk%252Fnews%252Farticle-2203291%252FChildren-raised-hate-America-Shocking-picture-boy-holding-gun-anti-US-riot-Lebanon.html%3B964%3B708>.
Flag Burning is Protected under the First Amendment
Flag burning is, as of now, protected under the First Amendment
Although it may be protected, it offends people (i.e., military families)
It takes over 230 years of fighting for what America stands for and what Americans believe, and throws it away
It sets off a "
" to many as an act of terrorism, since one assumes that most terrorist groups would burn a flag to let America know they mean business
i.e., ISIS, Al Quaeda, etc.
"Timeline of Flag Desecration Issues." Ushistory.org. Independence Hall Association, 1996. Web. 23 Mar. 2015. <http://www.ushistory.org/betsy/more/desecration.htm>.
Flag desecration issues really don't have any consequences
It should be punishable by law for being closely related to terrorism
It shouldn't be used as a form of expressionism
*Etiquette from same website