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Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STD)

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vettemaei lacsina

on 13 November 2013

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Transcript of Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STD)

Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STD)
3 types of STDs
What is an STD?
- Sexually transmitted diseases are infectious diseases that are passed from one person to another through sexual contact.
STD Facts
• About 65 million Americans have an STD
• 1 in 4 people have an STD
• 19 million new cases every year
• More prevalent among young people ages 15-24
• Most people don’t know they have it
• Many STDS symptoms aren’t noticeable

Bacterial
BACTERIAL

VIRAL

PARASITIC
Syphilis (Symptoms)
• Chancre sore on genitals, anus, mouth
- forms 21 days after exposure
• 3 stages
-Primary
-Secondary (rashes and/or sores on mouth, vagina, or anus)
-Latent
• Antibiotic treatment if caught early, but will not treat if damage is already done


Viral
Syphilius (Facts)

• Bacterium: Treponema pallidum
• About 36,000 new cases each year
• Transmitted through vaginal, oral, or anal sex
• Can also be transmitted through kissing





Syphilis
Chlamydia (Facts)
Bacterium: Chlamydia Trachomatis
• About 1 million people in the U.S. are infected
• Most common among people ages 14-19
• Transmitted through vaginal, oral, anal sex
• Can develop conjunctivitis if infected semen or vaginal fluid come in contact with eyes
• Infected pregnant women, if untreated can spread to newborn

Chlamydia
Chlamydia (Symptoms)
• Known as “silent infection”
• usually appear several weeks after exposure
• If experiencing symptoms, they include:

Symptoms for Women
- yellow green vaginal discharge
- bleeding
- burning and pain while urinating
Symptoms for Men
- white, cloudy, watery discharge
- pain while urinating
- burning or itching around opening of penis
- pain and swelling in one or both testicles (Epidymitis)

• Can be treated with antibiotics


Gonorrhea (Facts)
• Bacterium: Neisseria gonorrhoeae
• Transmitted through vaginal, oral, and anal sex.
• Can easily grow in warm, moist areas of reproductive tract
• Can also grow in mouth, throat, eyes, and anus
• About 700,000 people in the U.S. infected each year
• Most common with women ages 15-24 and men ages 20-24
• Can be passed on from mother to childbirth

Gonorrhea

Gonorrhea (Symptoms)
• Most infected people have no symptoms
• Usually appear 1-14 days after infection
• For those who experience symptoms, they include:
- burning sensation while urinating
- white, green, yellowish discharge from vagina or penis
- abnormal vaginal bleeding
- pelvic pain
- painful or swollen testicles

Antibiotics
-due to many drug resistant strains of this, CDC recommends a combination of 2 antibiotics: cetriaxone and either azithromycin or doxycycline
Congenital Syphilis (Facts)
• Bacterium: Treponoma pallidum
• Passed from mother to child
• Affects large numbers of pregnant women worldwide
• Can cause serious health problems and death to the baby

Congenital Syphilis
Congenital Syphilis (Symptoms in newborns)
• Fever
• Irritability
• Saddle nose
• Rash
• Watery fluid from nose
Congenital Syphilis (Symptoms in older infants and young children)
• Hutchinson teeth
• Bone pain, join swelling
• Blindness
• Clouding of cornea
• Decreased hearing or deafness
• Gray, mucus like patches on anus or outer vagina
• Scarring of skin around mouth, genitals, anus


• Penicillin


- Vaginitis
- Chlamydia
- Gonorrhea
- Syphilis
- Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

- Herpes
- Genital Warts
- Hepatitis B
- Hepatitis C Virus
- HIV/Aids

- Trichomonas
Most Common STDs on Guam
Parasitic
Genital Warts (Facts)
• Condylomata acuminata
• Result of a viral skin infection caused by Human Papillomavirus (HPV)
• Can be spread through vaginal, oral, or anal sex
• Usually develop 6 weeks to 6 months after infection

Genital Warts
Genital Warts (Symptoms)
• Small, fleshy growths and bumps that appear on genital or anal area
• Can also occur on lips, mouth, tongue, throat, thighs
• Growths resemble top of cauliflower

• Prescription medicines (Imiquimod, Podophylin, Trichloroacetic acid)
• Cryotherapy
• Electrocauterization
• Laser therapy
• Surgical excision

Herpes (Facts)
• Herpesviridae
• caused by the herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) or type 2 (HSV-2)
• About 1 in 6 people are infected with herpes
• Passed through vaginal, oral, or anal sex, skin-to-skin contact, and kissing
• HSV-2 is more common in women (More likely for an infected male to pass to his female partner than a female to her male partner)

Herpes
Herpes (Symptoms)
• Most people have no symptoms and are not aware of their infection
• Appear as blisters or sores around genital area, rectum, or mouth
• Flu-like symptoms during first outbreak

• No cure for herpes
• Medications can prevent or shorten outbreaks
Anti-viral medication
• Topical anti-viral cream


HIV/AIDs
HIV (Facts)
• Human immunodeficiency virus that weakens immune system by destroying cells that fight disease and infection.
• Transmitted through sexual contact.
• Can also be transmitted through blood, or breast milk of an infected person
• More than 35 million people living with HIV worldwide
• An estimated 1.7 million deaths worldwide
• African Americans are mostly infected

HIV (Symptoms)
• People often have no symptoms
• Stages of HIV
1. Acute illness
Immune reaction usually occurs 2-4 weeks after infected. Possible symptoms include fever, rash, muscle soreness, joint pains, and swollen lymph glands.
2. Clinical Latency
3. AIDS
- Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
- Final stage of HIV

HIV (Treatment)
• No cure for HIV or AIDS
• Combination antiretroviral therapy can be used to control the virus



Trichomoniasis (Facts)
• Caused by a parasite called Trichomonas vaginalis
• Transmitted through vaginal sex
• Considered the most common curable STD
• More common in woman than men

Trichomoniasis
Antibiotics (metronidazole or tinidazole)


Trichomoniasis (Symptoms)
• Often have no symptoms
• When symptoms occur, women have a smelly, clear, white, yellowish, or greenish vaginal discharge, and itching, burning, or soreness of the genitals
• Men may feel irritation in penis and/or burning after urination or ejaculation

• Chlamydia
• Gonorrhea
• Syphilis
• Congenital Syphilis
• Genital Warts
• Herpes
• Trichomoniasis
• HIV
• AIDS

PREVENTIONS
Treatments
Chlamydia

HIV/AIDS
Treatment
Herpes
Treatment
Trichomoniasis
Treatment
Syphilis
Untreated
Gonorrhea
• Pelvic Inflammatory Disease
• Widespread infections to the blood, joints, heart
• Increased risk for HIV
• Epididymitis
• Prostatis
• Increased risk of bladder cancer

Untreated
Treatment
Treatment
Untreated
• Inflammation of the cervix, urethra, lining of the urethra
• Infertility
• Ectopic pregnancy
• Miscarriage
• Urethritis
• Inflammation of epididymitis and prostate

Treatment
• Damage to the brain, nerves, eyes, heart, blood vessels, liver, bones, and joints
• Paralysis
• Numbness
• Blindness
• Death

Genital Warts
Treatments
Untreated
• The symptoms will generally go away in 1 to 2 weeks, but outbreaks will continue to come back again and again
Untreated
• Inflammation of the vagina
• Pelvic Inflammatory disease

Untreated
• Malaria
• Herpes
• Mycobacterium Avium Complex
• Thrush
• Pneumonia
• Blindness
• Tubercolosis
• Infection on all body organs, including the brain
• Request testing for other STDs if you:
-Test positive for gonorrhea or chlamydia, which puts you at greater risk of other STDs
-Have had more than one sexual partner since your last test
-Use intravenous (IV) drugs
-Are a man who has sex with men

Congenital Syphilis
Untreated
Treatment
rashes of the palms, soles, and around the mouth and anus
enlarged liver/spleen
abnormal bone X-Rays
anaemia
enlarged lymph nodes (glands)
jaundice
Untreated
resolve on their own
enlarge in size and number
stay the same
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