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New France: Natives and Newcomers
Transcript of New France: Natives and Newcomers
Give 1 reason why they are important. You will have 10 minutes. You have a new group made of 1's, 2's and 3s. Your new group will share answers. Share, listen and write the answers. You will have 10 minutes. You will get an Exit Slip. Answer the questions and give the sheet back to me. Lets take up the questions together. Jacques Cartier First European to sail up the St. Lawrence River
First to claim Canada for France
Established the first French relations with the First Nations peoples
Three voyages were around 1534-1542 Samuel de Champlain Headed many voyages from 1600's-1630's
Mapped the Atlantic Coast and the St. Lawrence River
Established a military alliance with the Wendat
founded and helped build the first permanent settlement
It would become Quebec City Activity Look at my example on the board: Listen to the second text. What is the role? What are 3 important points? Why are these points important? Example 2 The Wendat
The First Nations relied on the land for all of their needs, they were knowledgeable about nature and respected it . They had their own spiritual beliefs based in nature. There was some effort by the French to assimilate the First Nations people by converting them to Christianity. That is, they tried to make them like Europeans. The French did not always respect their beliefs because they though those ideas were wrong.
However, New France would not have survived without the First Nations people, particularly the Wendat. They taught them how to survive off the land and traded supplies with them. They traded beaver pelts for manufactured goods such as iron cooking pots, knives, axes, blankets, clothes and rifles. The Wendat were New France's biggest trading partner and ally. Many fur traders married First Nations women and became part of their society. This helped them form closer relationships. The children of a European and First Nations parent were called Metis. They are a unique Aboriginal people that still exist today.
Unfortunately, the settlers also negatively impacted the First Nations people. They introduced alcohol to the First Nations which was addictive and destructive. They also brought European diseases with them. Smallpox in was devastating. These diseases cause many deaths because the First Nations had no resistance to them. Now you do one example. Here is the text: Missionaries
France was mainly a Catholic country and all of the settlers in New France had to be Catholic. The king sent missionaries, people who complete religious missions, from the Jesuit and Ursuline orders (special types of priests and nuns). Their goals were to spread their religion to the First Nations peoples and establish schools for boys, and later girls. The boys were trained by the Jesuit priests to be lawyers, doctors or priests, while the girls were taught reading, writing, arithmetic and homemaking from the Ursuline nuns. The Catholic church was central to New France's society and very important in educating both French and First Nations children. Here's a map of New France: Where in Canada is this?