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Joaquim Silveira

on 29 August 2013

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Transcript of Portugal

The main crops grown in Portugal are cereals (wheat, barley, corn and rice), potatoes, grapes (for wine), olives and tomatoes.
Portugal is one of the world's largest exporters of tomato paste and a leading exporter of wines. These overseas sales help offset the cost of imported wheat and meat.
Crops planted
Each region of Portugal has its own style of dance and songs with the most traditional tunes played at a slower rhythm compared to those heard in Spain.
Some of the best examples of the regional dances are the vira, chula, corridinho, tirana and fandango, where couples perform a lively dance usually to a fast beat of hand-clapping, guitars and accordions. Many of these dances reflect the courting and matrimonial traditions of the area and are often passionate and exciting to watch.
During many of these traditional dances, people dress up in a variety of ways ranging from working clothes to colourful costumes.http://www.portugal-live.net/UK/essential/culture-dance.html
Every country possesses its distinctive features and traditions. Throughout its history, Portugal was a powerful monarchy with multiple colonies, which nowadays turned into a small European country and an attractive travel destination. Besides unique sightseeing spots, marvelous archipelagos and beaches, one should also be aware of Portuguese traditions, as far as a national mentality and customs might be advisable and reasonable while planning a trip to this country.
Lifestyle :First of all, Portuguese people are pretty calm and dreamy people. Late appearances are possible and acceptable. So, there is no surprise if tourists clash with siesta phenomenon –
Clothes:Bright and vivid colors are a peculiar feature of Portuguese national clothes, but their isn´t a specific kind of clothes they wear.
Music, that juan is going to talk,their religion,dances,symbols,etc.
Symbols:Speaking of specific national traditions in Portugal, grape and wines should be underlined. Grape is considered a symbol of abundance and fireside comfort. It is also referred to the national New Year tradition: at midnight a person should eat 12 grape berries with every stroke; simultaneously he or she makes a wish for every month of the year.
Portugal enjoys a mild climate all year long, one of the warmest in Europe. Temperatures in the north of the country average a pleasant 13 degrees C, while in the south around 18 degrees C is the norm.

.Education in Portugal is free and compulsory until the age of 18, when students complete the 12th grade. The education is regulated by the State through the Ministry of Education, Higher Education and Science. There is a system of public education and also many private schools at all levels of education. The first Portuguese medieval universities were created in the 13th century, and the national higher education system is fully integrated into the European Higher Education Area.

The basic literacy rate of the Portuguese population is 95.2%, According to INE (Portuguese Institute for National Statistics), only 3.7 million Portuguese workers (67% of the working active population) completed basic education (81% of the working population attainned the lower basic level of education and 12% attained the intermediate level of education). General subjects: PortugueseLanguage,Mathematics,English ,2nd Foreign language - French, Spanish or German ,Natural Sciences,Physics and Chemistry,History,Geography,Physical Education, Visual Education (Arts)*,Technological Education (Hand Work)*,
Drama/Music*,Computer and IT / an alternative of the school,Catholic (or other confessions) Moral and Religious Education
Located in southwestern Europe in the western part of the Iberian Peninsula, Portugal borders Spain to the north
Portugal is internationally known in the music scene for its traditions of fado, but the country has seen a recent expansion in musical styles, with modern acts from rock to hip hop becoming popular. If Amália is still the most recognizable Portuguese name in music, today the biggest exportations are bands like Moonspell (metal), Madredeus (fado and folk inspired), Buraka Som Sistema (electro/kuduro/breakbeat), Da Weasel, Sandro G (hip hop), Blasted Mechanism (experimental electro-rock) or Wraygunn (rock, blues), and artists like Mariza (fado). The musicality of the Portuguese language has also inspired non-native speakers to use it in their recordings, for example Mil i Maria. Regional folk music remains popular too, having been updated and modernized in many cases, especially the northeastern region of Trás-os-Montes. Dance, Rock, pop, kuduro, zouk, kizomba, Heavy metal, house and Hip Hop are among the most popular musical styles in Portugal; however, the recent arrival of revivalist folk bands, such as Deolinda, led to a newfound interest in this type of music.
Portuguese cuisine is closely related to Mediterranean cuisine. The influence of Portugal's former colonial possessions is also notable, especially in the wide variety of spices used. These spices include piri piri (small, fiery chilli peppers) and black pepper, as well as cinnamon, vanilla and saffron. Olive oil is one of the bases of Portuguese cuisine both for cooking and flavouring meals. Garlic is widely used, as are herbs such as coriander and parsley. Portuguese breakfasts often consist of fresh bread, with butter, ham, cheese or fruit preserves, accompanied with coffee, milk, coffee with milk, tea or hot chocolate. Sweet pastries are also very popular, as well as breakfast cereal, mixed with milk or yogurt and fruit. Lunch, often lasting over an hour is served between noon and 2 o'clock or between 1 and 3 o'clock, and dinner is generally served late, around or after 8 o'clock. There are three main courses, lunch and dinner usually include soup. A common soup is caldo verde with potato, shredded kale, and chunks of chouriço sausage. Among fish recipes, salt cod (bacalhau) dishes are pervasive. The most typical desserts are rice pudding (decorated with cinnamon) and caramel custard. There is also a wide variety of cheeses made from cow, sheep or goat's milk or even mixture of different kinds of milk. The most famous are queijo da serra from the region of Serra da Estrela, São Jorge cheese from the Portuguese island of São Jorge, and Requeijão. A popular pastry is the pastel de nata, a small custard tart often sprinkled with cinnamon.
The majority of the citizens are Catholic, nominally if not in practice .Is observed in national holidays and celebrations. Commemoration of Saints and pilgrimages to holy places are typical and common throughout the country. On feast days, marked with massive celebrations, it is essential to meet churchmen holding images of canonized or Saints; then the holiday transforms into a lovely carnival with performances and a staging of Bible plot lines. Probably, every Portuguese city can brag of multiple churches and cathedrals, which points out respect and regard to Catholic religion.
Portugal has experienced waves of political anticlericalism throughout its history. Under Salazar, Portugal experienced a religious revival and the position of the local priest in the villages was greatly enhanced. Only after 1974 was this position challenged, and in recent years there has been a decline in the number of clergy. Religiosity is generally weaker in Lisbon and the south and stronger in the center, the north, and the islands. People develop personal relationships with particular saints. Magical practices, sorcery ( feitiço ), witchcraft ( bruxaria ) associated with notions of illness and healing, and notions of envy ( inveja ) that invoke the evil eye are still part of the belief system of many people.

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