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The History Of Art
Transcript of The History Of Art
History of Art From Prehistoric To Post Modern Untitled
1963 Lascaux Cave, France
c. 15,000 - 13,000 b.c. And Everything In Between 3500 - 8,000 b.c.
Paleolithic Period Prehistoric Art
3500-600 b. c. Prehistory is defined as the time before writing. Prehistoric Art is Art which was created before the culture invented writing. There are two main periods of art within Prehistoric. Those are Neolithic and Paleolithic. Lascaux Cave, France Paintings created on the walls of caves made of ground minerals to form pigments. Shows images of hunters and animals, many extinct now in the area. 10,000 b.c. - 600 b.c.
Neolithic Art * Neolithic Era starts with the beginning of agriculture
* innovations include the use of fired clay pots and in 3000 b.c. the potters wheel was in use in Asia
*pottery became one of first traded commodities.
*Invention of post and lintel construction as seen at Stonehenge Venus of Willendorf
20,000 b.c. europe Nok Culture
Nigeria, 1000 b.c. Goguryeo Tomb Painting
800 b.c. Korea Stonehenge (Wiltshire,
England), c. 2000 B.C. Jomon Tomb Figure, 8000 b.c. Japan Painted Neolithic Pottery
(Syria) Ancient Art
4000 b.c. - 100 a.d. Sumerian Art
4,000 to 3,000 b.c. Egyptian Art
3150 b.c.-1350 b.c Aegean Art
1750-1450 b.c. Ancient China, Shang Dynasty 1766-1122 b.c. Assyrian and Early Persian, 1,000 to 960 b.c. Ancient and Classical Greek Art, 1150 b.c.-300b.c Roman Art 50 b.c. - 250 a.d. Meso-American Art ,Teotihuacan, 100 b.c.-750 a.d. * polytheistic culture with sculptural deity figure sculpted in hierarchical scale
* Sumerian temple structure resembling a step style pyramid called a ziggurat
* development of phonetic language called cuneiform Ziggurat at Ur, 2100 b.c. Deity Figures Cuneiform Writing * development of highly stylized pictographic language called hieroglyphics
*much of artistic heritage was centered around burial tombs of pharaohs, temples and pyramids. Elaborate coffins often carved from solid stone called sarcophagi (Greek"flesh eating stone")
* development of low relief carving style in stone and clay called bas-relief
*enormous stacked stone deity figure in front of Giza Pyramid called the Sphinx. It was sculpted to serve as a temple guardian for Khafre's Tomb. The nose may have been lost due to erosion, or there is some evidence it may have been removed by Islamic members as representing the human form in art is forbidden by Islam. No one knows for sure.
*development of first paper made from pounded plant pulp called papyrus. Sphinx and Giza Egyptian Paste King Tut's Sarcophagus *Minoan and Mycenaean were Mediterranean island cultures around Greece
*Known for fresco paintings with oceanic themes
*Palace at Knossos may have been the inspiration behind the Greek myth of the labyrinth and the Minotaur
*Culture was destroyed by volcanic eruption of nearby volcano in 1620 b.c., which may also have been the progenitor of the Atlantis myth *Earliest known writing in China happened during this period
*Beginning of new technologies in China, invention of paper, early kilns for firing ceramic, and the beginning of the bronze age for both armory and artwork. * the beginnings of persepctive start to apear. Figures for the first time show evidence of foreshortening, and figure ground placement. Carvings in sandstone from temple of Ashurbenipal in in Ninevah The Parthenon, 440 b.c. Flavian Ampitheater (Colosseum) 72 a.d. Bas Relief Carving Emperor Augustus, 15 a.d. Laocoon and His Sons, Early 1st cent b.c? Roman Fresco , 15 a.d. Nike of Rhodes, 250 b.c. The Middle Ages, 400-1400 ad The term the "Middle ages was used to describe the time between the fall of the Roman Empire and the beginning of the Italian Renaissance. The term was coined during the Renaissance period. Early Christian Art, 150-400 c.e. Byzantine Art 500 - 1453 Catacomb Ceiling, 234 ce *Greek art is primarily about two ideas, the perfection of the
human form and the story of their pantheon of gods.
* great innovations in math ans science as well as art and
archtecture, the Parthenon a Greek temple is an excellent
example of this