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Transcript of Presidential Primaries
The law on primaries in the run-up to the 2012 presidential elections
Finances in Politics
What the US Primaries are?
Select the two parties presidential nomination
Picking the candidate with the most votes
Real test of opinion (domino effect)
Process of the US Primaries
3 Steps to becoming the Presidential Candidate
By: Felix Schulte-Strathaus
How US Primaries are Held
work like normal elections with anonymity
Those who have declared an affiliation to a party are allowed to participate
Voters of state, regardless of their party affiliation, can participate in either party’s primary but not both
Voters are allowed to vote in both primary elections of the parties
a. “to gather together and make a great noise”
14 percent of Democratic delegates chosen by Caucasus
21 percent of Republican delegates chosen by Caucasus
Districts ---> Countys ---> State
What happens with the votes?
Electoral delegate system used
"Winner takes it all"
Proportional to votes
Where do the votes end up?
a. 2012 Democratic National Convention
- Required 2,778 delegates
- Charlotte, North Carolina
b. 2012 Republican National Convention
Bipartisan Campaign Finance Reform Act of 2002
amended Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971
"Stand by Your Ad" provision
Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission (2010)
Conclusion: First amendment prohibits govt. from restricting political independent expenditures by corporations, associations or labor law
Upheld requirements for public disclosure by sponsors of advertisements (BCRA §201 and §31
Speechnow.org v. Federal Election Commission (2008)
Restrictions on individual contribution to independent organizations that seek to influence elections to be unconstitutional
Political Action Committee
organisation that pools together contributions for campaign for or against candidates
Political action committee allowed to raise & spend unlimited amounts of money from
Candidates prohibited from accepting money from corporations, unions and associations
Federal election code
Cannot work in conjunction with the candidates they’re supporting
Incorporated 501 ( c ) (4)
(Rule 13 A)
5 delegates per Senator
+ 3 district delegates for each US representatives
+ 60 delegates outside US non-states
+ Bonus-delegates based on proportionality of republicans in State
Formula based on the 3 last elections = allocation factor
Based on when States have primaries
Point 1 A-F
Question 1 : A & C
Question 2: D
Question 3: Trick question. Yes I'm like that
Question 4: C
Question 5: A
Question 6: D