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In Search of Respect

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Sociology Anthropology

on 12 May 2014

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Transcript of In Search of Respect

Internalized Institutional Violence

“The complex interfaces among family, school, and peer group are crucial to the construction and enforcement of social marginalization, especially on one’s pre-teenage years.” p. 174

In Search of Respect
Selling Crack in El Barrio
Philippe Bourgois
Participant Observation
"Learning Street Smarts"
“I used to take all my husband’s shit. I even used to support my husband, but I woke and smelled the coffee, like they say. And I put a bullet in my man.” Candy

Motherhood and Fatherhood
Gender in El Barrio


Sexual Attitudes & Violence

Women's rights
In Search of Respect
Presentation by Marielle Foster, Eddisa Herrera & Stu Lourey
By Phillipe Bourgois
“Economists and sociologists have documented statistically that the restructuring of the U.S. economy around service jobs has resulted in unemployment, income reduction, weaker unions, and dramatic erosion in worker’s benefits at the entry level.” p.144

Influence of Cultural Capital in the Work Place

“A straightforward refusal to be exploited in the legal labor market,” p. 115

Demonization of Mothers
addiction, pregnancy and motherhood
ambivalence towards future children -> rebelling?
lack of treatment options
"female-headed households"
serial household formation p. 315
“When I think of my son, I wish I was with him. It’s hard to think about this. It makes me wish - no, not wish, ‘cause it’s not gonna be there - but if I was gonna wish, the wish would be that I was never broken up with my wife, so that I could always be there, like a family thing, like old-fashioned. Like just her, him and me. That’s the way it was when I was working. I didn’t want nobody else, but Sandra. I was like, “I want to be right here, where I’m at, with my kid.”

Primo (287)

“You know what’s wrong with these girls nowadays? They only think of themselves. They only think of their sexual pleasures, their fun and their happiness. But they don’t think of their kids first.”

Candy (259)

“Women on the street, however, are not paralyzed by terror. On the contrary, they are in the midst of carving great and autonomy for themselves in El Barrio, just as they are among most social classes and ethnic groups in the United States… In East Harlem, daughters, sisters and wives can no longer be beaten submissively and sent upstairs as authoritatively as they were in the past for socializing on the street, or for pursuing careers in the underground economy.”
Concluding Thoughts & Solutions
Marital and Romantic history

Sexual Assault

Drugs, Sex and Felonies

Patriarchal Role Reversed?

Why did Bourgois choose Candy?

Confronting Race and Class Inequality, not Drugs
Class, race and regional stratification
Jobs, jobs, jobs
Prioritizing women, children and elderly
Research, Methodology, Overarching themes
Internalizing Violence and Cultural Capital
Gender and Family
Discussion, Critique, and Activity
Disengagement of Fathers
"celebration of inability to maintain a family"
flaunting sexual promiscuity
generational gap:
maximizing progeny vs. sexual belt-notching
"In order to collect 'accurate data,' ethnographers violate the canons of positivist research; we become intimately involved with the people we study." (pg. 13)
"I chose addicts, thieves, and dealers to be my best friends and acquaintances during the years I lived in El Barrio."
Major Themes
"In Search of Respect"
Barriers of Cultural Capital
Culture of Terror
Internalizing Institutional Violence
"In Search of Respect"
"Street culture offers an alternative forum for autonomous personal dignity"
Barriers to Cultural Capital
"Fuck you Felipe! I don't care about this shit! Get out of here! All of you's!" --Ray
Culture of Terror
"I could feel the pain they was feeling 'cause I know what it is to be beat down by cops . . . They be trying to kill you, man! That's terrorism with a badge" --Ceasar
Internalizing Institutional Violence
"We risked being sodomized if the police picked us up in a sweep that night."
Puerto Rico
"The only reason the U.S. acknowledges P.R., is because it's . . . a shorter distance to destroy communism" --Ceasar
East Harlem
Immigrant Poor
Crack Cocaine
Entrepreneurial Opportunity
"The problem is that activity is confused with equality and presence is read as participation... The danger is that the Western observer, imbued with an ideology which associates the feminine with passivity, is so astonished at finding individual women elsewhere to be self-possessed that he or she confuses individual agency with Western notions of equality and freedom. "
Clash in Authority
School as mini-Real World
Defensiveness or Delinquency?
Influence of Peer Groups
Masculinity at Home in EL Barrio
Vulnerability of the Disadvantaged
Legal Labor Market => Underground Economy
Inefficient "Helpful" Structures
Real Effects of Disadvantages
Issues with Immigrant Work
Realness of Racism
Systems Systematically Flawed?
Cultural Production Theory
"Teacher unconsciously process subliminal class and cultural messages to hieratchize their students." p. 176
Full transcript