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Ensuring the Sustainability of Water and Sanitation Services (UNICEF)

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Emily Bamford

on 3 June 2014

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Transcript of Ensuring the Sustainability of Water and Sanitation Services (UNICEF)

Ensuring the Sustainability of Water and Sanitation Services
"When the well is dry, we will know the worth of water."

Why an increased focus on sustainability?
Water availability and water safety
Lack of accountability
This is a new problem
This is problem only found in developing countries
There are simple solutions
Three myths about Sustainability...

Bottleneck analysis of barriers to sustainability
Develop sustainability compact to be signed by sector partners
Monitoring the

External evaluation and learning
Evidence that services are not sustainable
Bottleneck Analysis of Barriers to Sustainability
Towards a Sustainability Compact
Unrealistic expectations on community management
Fragile supply chains
Financing challenges for O&M
Few long-term service delivery models

The time is right
Decentralised responsibility without capacity or resources
Introduce WASHBAT as a sector development tool “Sustainability App?”

Identify the bottlenecks that hinder a sustainable service to communities

Identification of actions to remove bottlenecks
Compact Characteristics
Case Study: Sierra Leone
Sustainability Compacts in Action
Case Study: Sierra Leone

The Compact has two goals:

To ensure the sustainability of the water, sanitation and hygiene outcomes of the present Government/Netherlands/UNICEF programme
To serve as a model and template for a future expanded Compact to include other programmes and, eventually, the country as a whole

Case Study: Sierra Leone

Government committed to ensuring that drinking water consumed in home is potable

Key interventions:
Water quality testing at water points
Water Safety plan developed
Promotion HWTS

Case Study: Sierra Leone - Monitoring

Part of the SL monitoring framework
Joint Compact monitoring road map
Annual and independent sustainability checks
Response to the checks report and part of project review and Sector review process

What is Sustainability?
Map and analyse accountability framework
External Knowledge Sharing
Monitoring the Compact
Conceptual Model
External support
External support
External support
For sanitation,
behaviour change is key
Thank you
Poor Richard's Almanac, 1746
What are they?
Sustainability Compacts
Why are they important?
Define the priorities for action
Challenges and lessons learned during the process

The First Generation of Compacts
Challenges and Lessons Learned

The First Generation of Compacts
Central African Republic
Côte D'Ivoire
Sierra Leone
9 Countries in West Africa:
Compact Characteristics
Government commitment and other stakeholder support is vital
Bottleneck analysis is critical
Must fit into wider sector governance system
Next generation of compacts?
Full transcript