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Aboriginal Australians

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by

Sylvia Bauman

on 10 June 2015

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Transcript of Aboriginal Australians

For the Australian Aboriginals art was a way that they could express their ways and spiritual beliefs.
The art they made would be inspired by the places they worshiped.
The art that they made was typically inspired by nature and stories of the past.
Their art was typically painted on the sides of caves so that people in newer generations would still be able to view their creations.
History
Art and Culture
Appearance
Dark skin and hair
Often appear with tribal paint covering their bodies
Wear minimal amount of clothing
Citations
Worldmark Encyclopedia of Cultures and Daily Life
http://www.australiangeographic.com.au/news/2010/09/nsw-bill-recognises-aboriginal-people - image
http://www.creativespirits.info/aboriginalculture/people/aboriginal-population-in-australia
http://www.encyclopedia.com/topic/Aboriginal_Australians.aspx
http://www.nsdc.org.au/stolen-generations/history-of-the-stolen-generations/the-history-of-the-stolen-generations
http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/43876/Australian-Aborigine/256939/Leadership-and-social-control
http://www.culturalsurvival.org/publications/cultural-survival-quarterly/australia/australian
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=V1pDPuetPdg
Where do they live?
Aboriginal Australians

By: Sylvia Bauman & Chantelle Weber
Folklore and oral history called "the dreaming" (how things came to be and why things happen)
Aboriginals settled in Australia long before the Europeans and were originally the majority of the population
Problems occured between the Europeans and the Australian aboriginals (aborigionals switched to being a minority and had to struggle to survive with their way of life)
Relations between Eurpoeans and Aboriginals were often filled with blood

Traditionally from throughout Australia and Tasmania
Aboriginals were nomadic hunters and gatherers which means they moved around from place to place and didn't have permanent homes
Now only 3% of the Australian population is aborigional
Traditional Australian aboriginal religious ceremony

Religious beliefs: the religion most followed is taken from the dreamtime stories, how one family may be associated with an animal or bird. They believe in the spirits which can control parts of the world. Now days some have them have made the change to Christianity, this was done by choice for some but others were taken from their culture and placed in Christian schools to learn the ways of Christianity.
Religious practices: they practice in the way of getting together and having a traditional dance with their music made from the didgeridoo.
Death rituals: they go through a ceremony of dance, music, mourning. They paint their bodies and wear traditional clothes.

Attitude towards the Unknown
Rites of Passage
Walkabout- A journey in which boys leave their tribe and live in the wilderness on their own for at least 6 months
Nathagura- Initiates sit under a pile of brush while others dance around with lit torches and set the brush on fire. Initiates must survive 4-5 minutes to complete the ritual
Bora- Initiation ceremony for boys to become men in which they go through scarification and must learn "sacred songs, stories, dances, and traditional lore"
The Stolen Generation
Aboriginal children removed from their homes by the government
Government wanted the children's families' culture, language and identity to die
Aboriginal children didn't recieve better education, were often abused and mistreated by their adoptive white families
Children not allowed to visit their real parents
Population of Australian Aboriginals decreased greatly
Aboriginal Australian vs.
Canadian Culture
Political and Legal System
No designated chiefs/leaders
A repected male member or elder of the tribe is more likely to be seen as a chief figure
No written laws; only ethics and traditions
Status and roles determined by age and gender
Expected to share everything without complaint or gratitude
Marriages are arranged and girls are betrothed at birth (husband is much older than wife)
Not allowed to marry siblings but first cousins are o.k.
Education takes place in local schools but not many finish
Family Life
Similarities:
Differences:
Different level of taboo
Sharing is done without gratitude
Social status is defined by experience not money
Basically no political structure
Children are expected to enter adulthood quickly
Not allowed to marry first cousins
Elders (elderly people) are respected
Monotheistic but can divorce
vs.
What Can We Learn?
Canadian culture cares more about materialism and looking out for yourself whereas Australian aboriginal culture is based more around community and helping one another
Australian Aboriginal culture is male dominated
In order for the Australian Aboriginal culture to survive, they have to have a communist-like structure
Australian Aborigional Music
The didgeridoo is an instrment that they tend to play for their musical entertainment.
Language
Once were able to speak up to 5 languages
"Language extinction" occured
Most common Aboriginal language is Kriol but main language is now english
Australian aboriginal culture is a disappearing culture
Still survive with little material belongings and their old way of life
Conclusion
Full transcript