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Quebec Nationalism and Aboriginal Rights
Transcript of Quebec Nationalism and Aboriginal Rights
-The period of change in Québec, the Quiet Revolution, took control of the social and economic system.
Time for a Change
-In 1962, Jean Lesage becomes the premier of Québec.
-Québécois despised the "injustices" of the English-Canadians.
The Birth of Separation
-The terrorist group, Front de libération du Québec (FLQ) attacked English symbols and mailboxes.
-1967 - René Lévesque formed the Parti Québécois
-The Royal Commission on Bilingualism and Biculturalism was appointed by Lester Pearson
A Bilingual Nation
-The “Bi and Bi Commission” called for Canada to become bilingual
-Official Language Act was passed by Pierre Trudeau
Both English and French are used in Canada
-FLQ members kidnapped the British diplomat, James Cross and the Québec labour minister, Pierre Laporte
-They demanded release of FLQ members serving prison sentences and public reading of manifesto
-War Measures Act was imposed again by Trudeau
War Measures Act imposed again
-Parti Québécois won provincial election in 1976
-René Lévesque held a referendum to discuss about the separation from Canada
-Passed the Bill 101 "Charter of French language "
Logo of the Parti Quebecois
-Parti Québécois proposed the sovereignty association
-PM Trudeau proposed to make a new constitution and be recognize as an equal partner in Confederation
-René Lévesque lost to Trudeau proposal
Trudeau and Lévesque
- White paper:ended special status for aboriginals and suggested assimilation to solve problems
Red and White
-Aboriginals were outraged and disapproved the white paper
-Red paper- aboriginal response to the white paper, it demanded self govt.
-made the government abandon the idea of white paper
-1982 the assembly of first nation created, represent aboriginals in dealing with federal government
-Aboriginal Rights were entrenched Charter of rights and Freedoms
-Increase in power for Aboriginal Band council
-Demanded the right to self-government
Assembly of First Nation Logo
-Royal Proclamation of 1763 promised land the British didn’t claim belonged to the Aboriginals
Land Claim in BC
- Specific and comprehensive land claims
-Aboriginals in British Columbia never officially gave up their land
- People argue that areas such as BC and the North should not follow the Royal Proclamation
-Nunavut was created in 1999 by the largest treaty ever negotiated in Canada
Pierre Trudeau andJean Chretienmeet with Nisga'a First Nation leader Frank Calder discussing land claim
-1991 the Royal Commission launched a study on the issues that affected aboriginal people( gathered info in 5 years )
Royal Commission on Aboriginals
- 5 volumes of reports were released in 1996
-Assembly of first nations released a ‘’ report card ‘’ describing the recommendations made
Oka crisis which led to the study of aboriginal issues
- Residential school system had been dismantled by the 1990s replaced by band schools
-People came forward with stories about physical and sexual abuse
-2008 PM Stephen Harper formally apologized in the house of commons to the former students of residential schools
Forced into Christianity
-Aboriginal Art is an important part of Canadian culture,recognized around the world
-Daphne Odjig : Born in 1919 she was a painter inspired by the landscapes of the B.C. interior and the west coast islands
-Bill Reid: 1920-1988, he created wooden masks and totem poles using tradition Haida carving techniques
-Douglas Cardinal: Born in 1934, an architect from Calgary, best known for designing the Canadian Museum of civilization
Pow Wow at Wikwemikong
The Indian in Transition - Daphne Odjig
The Spirit of Haida Gwaii
Chief of the Undersea World - Bill Reid
Canadian Museum of Civilization
First Nations University of Canada in Regina - Douglas Cardina