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Transcript of DATA COLLECTION
good source of background information
provides a 'behind the scenes' look at a program that may not be directly observable.
information may be inapplicable, disorganised, unavailable or out of date.
could be biased because of selective survival of information
information may be incompatible or inaccurate
can be time consuming to collect, review, and analyze may documents
useful for gaining insight and context into a topic
allows respondents to describe what is important to them
useful for gathering quotes and stories
susceptible to interview bias
time consuming and expensive compared to other data
may seem intrusive to the respondent
Skits,Dramatizations, other visual representations
an alternative approach to linear models of evaluation that may not fit well cross culturally.
useful methods when pat of the evaluation purpose is to move towards some form of action.
fun, innovative approach to evaluation that causes people to view programs through another perspective.
takes some courage for people who aren't accustomed to public display.
may not speak to stakeholders who prefer more quantitative approach to data collection and may not be appropriate in situations where numbers are needed.
Data collection is the process of gathering information. Some examples of data collection are:
surveys and questionnaires
town hall meetings and other large group events
skits, dramatization, other visual representation.
collect data where and when an event or activity is occurring
does not rely on people's willingness to provide information
directly see what people do rather than relying on what they say they do.
DISADVANTAGES OF OBSERVATION
susceptible to observer bias
Hawthorne effect - people usually perform better when they know they are being observed.
does not increase understanding of why people behave the way they do
ADVANTAGES OF OBSERVATION
OF DOCUMENT REVIEW
OF FOCUS GROUPS
quick and relatively easy to set up
group dynamics can provide useful information that individual dta collection does not provide
is useful in gaining insight into a topic that may be more difficult to gather information through the data collection methods
suspectible to facilitator bias
discussion can be dominated or sidetracked by a few individuals
data analysis time consuming and needs to be well planned on advance
does not provide valid information at he individual level.
the information is not representative of other groups.
SURVEYS AND QUESTIONNAIRES
of Surveys and Questionnaires
administration is comparatively inexpensive and easy even when gathering data from large numbers of people spreading wide geographical area
reduces chance of evaluator bias because the same questions are asked from all respondents
many people are familiar with surveys
some people feel more comfortable responding to a survey than participating in an interview.
survey respondents may not complete the survey resulting in low response rate
items may not have the same meaning to all respondents
size and diversity of sample will be limited by people's ability to read.
OF CASE STUDY
fully depicts people's experience in program input, process and results
powerful way of portraying program to outsiders
usually quite time consuming to collect information, organize and analyze it
represents depth of information rather then breadth
ILLUSTRATED PRESENTATIONS, PHOTO VOICE, POWER VOICE
fun to do and easier to get people involved because it doesn't seem 'researchy'
especially useful as a way to get people of different cultures involved or people who are more visual than verbal.
powerful way to represent data "a picture is worth a thousand words"
takes some technological skill/expertise to 'produce' the presentation.
need to have good facilitation skills given that these methods are group work processors.
OF ILLUSTRATED PRESENTATIONS.......
Town Hall Meetings and Other large Group Events
can gather large amounts of data at one time.
allows respondents to describe the issues that are important to them
provides a venue where people can build on each other's knowledge
organizing the event takes times and resources
definitely need to have a draw to get people to attend in the form of incentives.
need to have access to people with good facilitation skills
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