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Techniques of Dictatorship

About the techniques Adolf Hitler, Vladimir Lenin, Benito Mussolini, and Joseph Stalin used to stay in power.
by

Kathy C

on 19 April 2015

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Transcript of Techniques of Dictatorship

Techniques of Dictatorship:
Lenin, Stalin, Mussolini & Hitler

Using Propaganda, Indoctrination, terror and force
Glorifying the leader and his accomplishments
Rewriting the curriculum and textbooks to portray the glory of the nation and the leader
“Let me control the textbooks and I will control the state.” –Adolf Hitler
Bibliography
BY:
ERICA NGUYEN
&
KATHY CHEUNG

Adolf Hitler
This poster represents how Hitler uses propaganda to make the citizens want to join his side and become part of his army. He is trying to lead people in by saying he is going to create a better world with “Long live Germany” on the poster in German. In the poster Hitler is placed in front of a sun and it can resemble Jesus, and Jesus is known for being the creator of all things and is the most superior. Hitler being portrayed as someone like Jesus is a type of propaganda that leads the people in.

This poster is glorifying the leader Hitler because he is in the center of the poster being an important figure. In the background there are people of all ages looking up on him, smiling and giving him the Nazi salute. This poster represents that Hitler is someone to look up upon and is important to the country. The words say “Yes! Leader we follow you!” This glorifies the leader because it means that Hitler has supporters that are willing to follow him and call him the leader.
This quote was said by Hitler and it represents that if he controls the textbooks he will be able to control everybody else. This is because books are a big source of learning and media. With the books altered it becomes a type of brainwashing; the people will think that Hitler is the best of the best.
Scapegoating
It is pretty well known that Hitler used the Jews as Scapegoats. This video is a compilation of speeches that Hitler gave that talked about the Jews and how they have corrupted the country, about how they are not superior to the Aryans race. At the 0:56 mark of the video, Hitler says the Jews were trying to use the World War to exterminate the European races and that he fought back by exterminating their kind. This is a tactic of scapegoating; Hitler is using the Jews to blame the loss of World War I and telling the citizens that it was the Jews that created democracy, so it must be demolished.

"The chief function of propaganda is to convince the masses, who slowness of understanding needs to be given time in order that they may absorb information; and only constant repetition will finally succeed in imprinting an idea on their mind.........the slogan must of course be illustrated in many ways and from several angles, but in the end one must always return to the assertion of the same formula. The one will be rewarded by the surprising and almost incredible results that such a personal policy secures."
-Adolf Hitler from "Mein Kampf"

Censoring the Media
This quote represents how Hitler gives the people the information that he wants to give. In the quote he believes that the people will give in to the false information if it gets repeated over and over again, and surely it does. This censors the media because whatever news and information Hitler is giving is false and every time the fake news is repeated more and more people start to believe in it.
Giving powerful speeches, to teach "accepted" values
This is a speech that Hitler had once said that promoted his views on demolishing democracy and having a dictatorship. The power he has against the citizens was extreme, he told the people that things are going to change and it starts with everyone obeying Hitler, and giving in to him .
Using military or police and violence to create a climate of fear
In this picture the soldiers are using violence and fear to control these people. The soldiers have power over these people by their weapons, so the people can only cower in fear.
Imprisoning or exiling the people who oppose the dictator
This is a picture of people from a concentration camp in Ebensee, Austria. These people are starved and used as scientific experiments just because they were different than Hitler.
Vladimir Lenin
In this poster it shows Lenin using the propaganda to have a reminder to the citizens for what Lenin had done using the words "Lenin Lived, Lenin is Alive, Lenin Will Live'. The poster represents Lenin posing in a serious leader pose with the soviet union flag on his side showing what leader he is to be and that he has the power to control what he will do and make the peoples have interest towards him.
Using Propaganda, Indoctrination, terror and force
Rewriting curriculum and textbooks to portray the glory of the nation and the leader
Removing leader or parties that pose a threat to the dictator
“Generals think war should be waged like the tourneys of the Middle Ages. I have no use for knights; I need revolutionaries.” -Adolf Hitler
This quote represents that Hitler does not need people that are not smart enough; he will discard the people that poses a threat or hinders his power, he will do everything to get what he wants.
Holding elections in which it is impossible for people to vote for anyone else
This political cartoon is a play on how Hitler came into power. The polling booth is right there, and it is surrounded with soldiers, so when the people go vote it is known who they vote for. This would make it so that no one can oppose Hitler through the fear he has put on the people.
Eliminating Opposition
This political cartoon depicts how Hitler uses his opponents as stepping stones. By using the people as stepping stones, Hitler is able to reach his goal at the top and becoming a supreme dictator.
"
Give me four years to teach the children and the seed I have sown will never be uprooted.
"
-Vladimir Lenin


In this quote Lenin says that to give him time to teach all the children what has he done for the country and influence them at what Lenin is good for the country and the child will be knowing and follow him.
Giving Speech and create youth movement to teach accepted values
in this video Vladimir Lenin was giving a speech about Soviet power and that they can help through hardship and promise there will be a better day to come to the workers in the country.
"
Capitalists are no more capable of self-sacrifice than a man is capable of lifting himself up by his own bootstraps
."
-Vladimir Lenin
Using the military or police and violence, to create a climate of fear
In this quote shows that Lenin is saying that even if a man gets sacrifice another can even get up and that he needs to be punish or so create fear for people to start working
Imprisoning or exiling dissidents and not allowing dissent
in this quote Lenin wants to control on what people would believe in if they don't listen, follow or break a rule there will be consequences towards the citizens also would not want to show any kind of weakness.
Holding elections in which it is impossible for people to vote
for anyone else & removing leaders or parties that pose a threat
in this political cartoon Lenin is sweeping leaders and kings and just anyone that had more power then him out of his way so he could be the only one that would be in control with no one to face up against him
Censoring the media
Lenin had a idea to censor books in the Soviet Union this picture says in the text "To have more, we must produce more. To produce more, we must know more" saying that people should read on what Lenin would want them to know and influence them into believing what Lenin would want the citizens to believe or have to.
Glorifying the Leader and his accomplishments
In this picture you would see Lenin in a group of workers and underclass holding hands with him like its giving hope towards everyone that Lenin is giving such a good chance for the workers to have rights, etc.
Joesph Stalin
Using Propaganda, Indoctrination, terror and force
in this propaganda Stalin is shown planning his engage on manipulation in Russia including "The Great Stalin Plan" on going through.
Benito Mussolini
Censoring Media
In this picture are OVRA. They are the secret police that Mussolini has formed to stop any news that will affect the reign of Mussolini or the country. The OVRA makes sure to keep the people under control or be controlled.
Creating youth movements to “teach” accepted values
"I believe in Rome, the Eternal, the mother of my country……I believe in the genius of Mussolini…and in the resurrection of the Empire."
This quote was part of the youth movement which was taught to the people, mainly children, to believe in the country. It was drilled in school because kids are more easily influenced.
Rewriting curriculum and textbooks to portray the glory of the nation and leader
"At every hour of every day, I can tell you on which page of which book each school child in Italy is studying."-Benito Mussolini
This quote represents how Mussolini is able to control the text and information the children of Italy are receiving; he is able to change things with ease if he wants to.
Glorifying the leader and his accomplishments
This picture glorifies the leader Benito Mussolini by showing the amount of supporters that goes to his speeches.
Finding an enemy to blame for the suffering of the country
The word on the poster says “Defend!” This poster is of a child of Italy and three hands which represents the Jews, the Soviet Union, and the Freemasons. The Fascists of Italy are opposed of these groups. These three groups are used in the poster as the groups that will harm the children and they must be eliminated. Mussolini is using this poster to blame these three groups for the harm and suffering of the country.
Holding elections in which it is impossible for people to vote for anyone else
This is a photograph of The March on Rome led by Mussolini who is in the middle of the photograph. This march led the Fascist party to power.
"Either the government will be given to us or will shall seize it by marching on Rome."
Imprisoning or exiling dissidents
This is a political cartoon that talks about how Mussolini used poison gas to get rid of the people that had no ideals and oppose the dictator.
Using military or police, and violence to create fear
“There is a violence that liberates, and a violence that enslaves; there is a violence that is moral and a violence that is immoral.”-Benito Mussolini
This quote represents how violence is used in every act. Whether it is getting freedom or enslaving people, violence is used to get what those individuals want. This means that Mussolini also uses violence to get what he wants.
Using propaganda
This photograph is of the headquarters for the Italian fascist party made by Mussolini. This is served as propaganda because Si in Italian represents yes, and Mussolini wants everyone to say yes to him. The face in the middle is of Mussolini, representing how he is watching each person.
Removing leaders or parties that pose a threat to the dictator & Eliminating opposition
The Acerbo Law
This law was introduced by the Fascist grand Council and Mussolini. This law changed the way that the election results were counted. If there is a party that gets 25% or more of the votes then they will get more seats in parliament thus eliminating the threats and oppositions.
"The people who cast the votes don't decide an election, the people who count the votes do."
-Joesph Stalin
Holding elections in which it is impossible for people to vote for anyone else
in this quote Stalin is saying that people's votes will be pointless and that the vote of itself will decide to the people that counts it meaning he could be controlling the people that are counting the votes for him to win.
Censoring the media / Removing leaders or parties that pose a threat
in this photo it could be the example of censoring because when Vladimir died Stalin got into power and didn't want Yezhov to be involve anymore so he got rid of him censoring him out of every picture that was taken of him and also murdered.
In this video it is about Stalin's victory speech and parade in Red Square. That day people think of him as a "hero" and respects and worships of what he is doing helping the country.
Giving Speech and create youth movement to teach accepted values
"Education is a weapon whose effects depend on who holds it in his hands and at whom it is aimed."
-Joseph Stalin
in this quote Stalin is saying that to who that has the knowledge should pass that knowledge to those that needs it that is Stalin giving knowledge to the people to know more about what he is doing.
Rewriting curriculum and textbooks to portray the glory of the nation and the leader
Using Military or police and violence to create a climate of fear / imprisoning or exiling dissidents and not allowing dissent
in this political cartoon it shows Stalin grabbing a innocent person thinking he is being attacked so he made them fear that of suspicious for anyone so they have to act miserable so Stalin wont be so "paranoid" to send them away or imprisoning the people.
in this picture it shows Joesph Stalin's photo hangs on a wall and people are around him worshiping him and that he was a hero for thier country
Glorifying the leader and his accomplishments
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