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Transcript of Enlightenment Thinkers
Years lived - 1632 - 1704
Quote - "I have always thought the actions of men is the best interpreters of their thoughts. "
Known for - Two Treatises on Government
Belief - Locke believed in natural rights. Natural rights are rights you have when you are born. Those rights are the right to have life , liberty , and property. He believed that the government should protect the peoples natural rights and if the government did not , the people had a right to overthrow them. Baron de Montesquieu and Jean- Jacques Rousseau Baron de Montesquieu
Years lived - 1689 - 1755
Quote - "Useless laws weaken the necessary laws."
Known for - His books The Persian Letters and The Spirit of the Laws.
Belief - Baron De Montesquieu believed that the government should be divided in to three branches : legislative; executive; and judicial branches. He believed this because if the government was divided then one branch could not become too powerful. Voltaire Years lived - 1694 - 1778
Quote - " I do not agree with a word you say but I will defend to the death your right to say it."
Known for - His famous novel Candide
Belief - This french enlightenment thinker was a rebel against the king who fought for freedom of thought, speech, politics, and religion. He believed in the right of liberty. He also fought for injustice , intolerance , inequality ,ignorance and superstition. He eventually was put in the prison Bastille and was exiled. All of his books were burned.
Jean - Jacques Rousseau
Years - 1712 - 1778
Quote - "Man is born free, yet everywhere he is found, he is in chains."
Known for - The Social Contract
Belief - Jean- Jacques Rousseau belived that the legislative power belongs to the people. He also believed that that the social contract was the only pathway to freedom. Questions List 1. What is the Enlightenment ?
2. Who are the Enlightenment thinkers ?
3. What was one of their teachings ?
4.How did they infleunce our recent government ?
5. What was Voltaire's famous Novel ?
6. What was Jean -Jacques Rousseau's famous novel ?
7.What rights did Voltaire fight for ?
8. What was one of John Locke's teachings ?
9.What did Thomas Hobbes believe in ?
10. Who's idea did Thomas Jefferson use in the Declaration? Thomas Hobbes :
Years lived - 1588 - 1679
Quote - "Not believing in force is the same as not believing in gravitation."
Known for - His book Leviathan.
Belief - He believed the government had to have a absolute Monarch. To make the country have peace he said that the people should enter in to a social contract, which made people give up some of their freedoms for protection from the government. How does all of this help form our government ? Quiz Time !!! Whoever wins gets a treat ! :) Bibliography
1. Enlightenment Thinkers. (n.d.). Teacher Web. Retrieved October 27, 2012, from teacherweb.com/CA/.../EIGHTENLIGHTENMENTTHINKERS.ppt
2. Remy, R. C., Patrick, J. J., Saffell, D. C., & Clayton, G. E. (2012). The American Colonies and their government. Civics Economics and Geography (pp. 87- 89). Columbus, Ohio: The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. .
3. Watkins, J. (n.d.). [Regents Prep Global History] Golden Ages: The Enlightenment . Oswego City School District Regents Exam Prep Center. Retrieved October 28, 2012, from http://regentsprep.org/Regents/global/themes All of these facts are useful because of what ? All of these things form our government. When Thomas Jefferson wrote the Declaration of Independence he took these idea from the Enlightenment Thinkers. He used John Locke's ideas about natural rights, Jean - Jacques about government if it did not protect the people it should not exist, and Voltaire's right to liberty. He mainly based the Declaration on John Locke's ideas though. 1. What is the Enlightenment ? What centuries did it take place over? Answer - a Political , scientific and arts advancing movement.
17th and 18th ceuntry 2. Who are the Enlightenment thinkers ? 1. Thomas hobbes
2. John Locke
3. Baron de Montesquieu
5. Jean - Jacques Rousseau 3. What was one of their teachings ? Social Contract , Natural rights 4.How did they infleunce our recent government ? Thomas Jefferson , who wrote the Declaration of Independence was influenced by their ideas and thoughts. 5. What was Voltaire's famous Novel ? Candide 6. What was Jean -Jacques Rousseau's famous writing ? The social contract 7.What rights did Voltaire fight for ? Right of thought, speech, politics, and religion. 8. What did John Locke believe in ? Natural Rights 9.What did Thomas Hobbes believe in? Social Contract 10. Who's ideas did Thomas Jefferson use in the Declaration? Voltaire's , Lockes , and Jean - Jacques