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Comparing Perspectives

Study guide for Personality Unit

Amy Koch

on 28 February 2011

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Transcript of Comparing Perspectives

Comparing Perspectives Perspective Founding Theorist(s) What determines your personality? Therapeutic Techniques Criticisms Misc. Psychanalytic

("unconscious") Freud
(Jung, Adler, Horne) The unconscious
conflict between id and superego
resolution of childhood sexual conflicts
Anxiety and defense mechanism Projective tests (TAT, Rorschact)
Dream analysis
Free association Little scientific evidence;
pessimistic about human nature Trait Allport
(Eysenck, Jung, Cattell) Innate traits, possibly biologically determined, but definitely stable. Objective tests:
MMPI, Myers-Briggs, BFI, 16PF, NEO-FFI Doesn't account for acting different in different situations. Humanistic Maslow

Rogers Getting needs met; desire to self-actualize.

Getting in touch with real self so you can fulfill actualizing potential Active listening
UPR (genuineness, acceptance, and empathy) Little scientific evidence;
Naive, optimistic view of human nature;
Too individualistic
Self-centered Behavioral Skinner
Watson Past conditioning; rewards and punishment Deemphasizes innate traits;
Views people as lacking free will Conditioning Social-cognitive Bandura How we interpret our experiences Cogntive therapy to change how you interpret events. Underemphasis on innate traits
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