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Transcript of Comparing Perspectives
(Jung, Adler, Horne) The unconscious
conflict between id and superego
resolution of childhood sexual conflicts
Anxiety and defense mechanism Projective tests (TAT, Rorschact)
Free association Little scientific evidence;
pessimistic about human nature Trait Allport
(Eysenck, Jung, Cattell) Innate traits, possibly biologically determined, but definitely stable. Objective tests:
MMPI, Myers-Briggs, BFI, 16PF, NEO-FFI Doesn't account for acting different in different situations. Humanistic Maslow
Rogers Getting needs met; desire to self-actualize.
Getting in touch with real self so you can fulfill actualizing potential Active listening
UPR (genuineness, acceptance, and empathy) Little scientific evidence;
Naive, optimistic view of human nature;
Self-centered Behavioral Skinner
Watson Past conditioning; rewards and punishment Deemphasizes innate traits;
Views people as lacking free will Conditioning Social-cognitive Bandura How we interpret our experiences Cogntive therapy to change how you interpret events. Underemphasis on innate traits