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Colonization in North America
Transcript of Colonization in North America
New Mexico Mythical riches like those from Cibola or Quivera inspired many expeditions. French settlements in North America were primarily centered along the coasts and rivers of Canada.
Later French traders claimed and settled the lands near the Mississippi River. As the Spanish pushed inland, some estimate that asmuch as 90% of the Native American population died from conflict and disease. The majority of immigrants from Spain to North America were men, this fact limited population growth. Like in Spanish North America, most of the French immigrants were men, who were seeking wealth through trade with Native Americans. Like in New Mexico this fact limited population growth. Jacques Cartier was one of the first Frenchmen to explore North America. Cartier's first attempt to settle the St. Lawrence valley in 1541, failed due to constant conflict with native populations. It wasn't until 1562 that French Huguenots attemtped a new settlement, this time in Spanish controlled Florida. Upset at the protestant present in their region, the Spanish attacked the setttlement and executed all 132 men. British exploration in the New World had 2 goals in the 1570's:
Find a Northwest Passage to Asia and hopefully gold!
"Singe the King of Spain's beard" according to Francis Drake. Even after the first years, life was hard in Jamestown. Of the 3500 settlers who arrived from 1618 -1622, most died within three years of malnutrition, salt poisoning, typhus, or dysentery. In 1620, a group of 24 families left England to settle the northern portion of the area claimed by England.
Headed by separatist Puritans, the group hoped to find relief from religious persecution in the New World. Why were some colonies more successful than others?
What contributed to their success or failure?