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The Romantic Period [1820-1860]: FICTION

American Literature presentation 4B, Second Semester, Traducción Jurada Loyola 2012-2013
by

Jhannine Mejía

on 20 November 2012

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Transcript of The Romantic Period [1820-1860]: FICTION

by Jhannine Mejía The Romantic Period
1820-1860
FICTION The Romance Women Writers & Reformers "strangeness is an essential ingredient of beauty" His verse was very musical & strictly metrical Edgar Allan Poe [1809-1849] vision: darkly metaphysical mixed with elements of realism, parody & burlesque. He refined the short story genre & invented detective fiction his stories & poems are populated with doomed, instrospective aristrocrats; gloomy characters that don't work or socialize, that hide themselves from the real world.
Themes of "death-in-life". themes burial while alive:
- The Premature Burial
- Berenice (SS)
- The Cask of Amontillado
- The Fall of the House of Usher (SS) return from the grave:
- Ligeia
- The Fall of the House of Usher
- Morella (SS)
- Metzengerstein (SS)
- Eleonora (SS) substance abuse:
- Ligeia
- The Black Cat (SS)
- Hop-Frog (SS) doppelgänger:
- The Black Cat (SS)
- William Wilson guilt:
- The Black Cat (SS)
- The Tell-Tale Heart (SS) reasoning:
- The Gold Bug - The Murder in the Rue Morgue (SS)
- The Mystery of Marie Rogêt (SS)
- The Purloined Letter (SS) detective fiction stories, featuring C. Auguste Dupin as the main character THE RAVEN
the haunted, sleepless narrator, who has been reading & mourning the death of his Lenore at midnight, is visited by a raven who perches above his door & repeats the poem's famous refrain "nevermore" ANNABEL LEE
the narrator fell in love with her when they were young. He retains his love for her even after hear death an abolitionist & an activist.
- founded a private girls' school
- founded & edited the first journal for children in the US works Lydia Child [1802-1880] Hobomok
shows the need for racial & religious toleration An Appeal in Favor of that Class of Americans Called Africans
first anti-slavery tract History of the Condition of Women in Various Ages and Nations
argues for women's equality by pointing to their historical achievements - defended the rights of blacks & women
- speakers for the New York Anti-Slavery Society
- they were the first women to publicly lecture to audiences
- In letters, essays & studies they drew parallels between racism & sexism Angelina and Sarah Grimké
[1805-1879] [1792-1873] - she campaigned for suffrage in the 1860s & 1870s
- formed the anti-slavery Women's Loyal National League & the National Woman Suffrage Association
- co-edited the weekly newspaper Revolution
- she lectured on subjects such as: divorce, women's rights & religion Elizabeth Cady Stanton [1815-1902] works - Declaration of Sentiments and Resolutions
- Woman's Declaration of Independence
states that "men & women are created equal" & includes a resolution to give women the right to vote
- The Women's Bible
discerns a deep-seated anti-female bias in Judaeo-Christian tradition
- History of Woman Suffrage - born a slave in New York and escaped from it in 1827
-she worked with a preacher to convert prostitutes to Christianity
- she lectured, sang gospel songs & preached abolitionism
- encouraged by Elizabeth Cady Stanton, advocated woman's suffrage Narrative of Sojourner Truth: A Northern Slave
is an autobiographical account transcribed and edited by Olive Gilbert "I have ploughed and planted, and gathered into bars, and no man could head me! And ain't I a woman? I could work as much and eat as much as a man -when I could get it- and bear the lash as well" And ain't I a woman? I have borne 13 children, and seen them most all sold to slavery, and when I cried out with my mother's grief, none but Jesus heard me! And ain't I a woman?" -- in answer to a man who said women were the weaker sex Sojourner Truth (c. 1797-1883) Harriet Beecher Stowe [1811-1896] Uncle Tom's Cabin or Life Among the Lowly was the most popular American book of the 19th century it's a passionate appeal for an end of slavery in the US it reflected the idea that slavery in the US, the nation that purportedly embodied democracy and equality for all, was an injustice of colossal proportions the idea of the novel was conceived by a vision of an old, ragged slave being beaten, during a church service slavery is depicted as evil, not for political or philosophical reasons, but mainly because it divides families, destroys normal parental love & is inherently un-Christian Uncle Tom, the slave and central character, is a Christian martyr who labors to convert his master, St. Clare, prays for his soul, and is killed defending slave women Harriet Jacobs [1818-1896] - born a slave in North Carolina
- Incidents in the life of a Slave Girl: outspokenly condemned the sexual exploitation of black slave women Harriet Wilson [1825-1900] the first African-American to publish a novel in the US Our Nig;
or Sketches from the life of a Free Black, in a two-storey white house, North, showing that Slavery's Shadows Fall Even There
dramatizes the marriage between a white woman & a black man, & also depicts the difficult life of a black servant in a wealthy Christian household Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, An American Slave
his narrative is vivid & highly literate, it gives unique insights into the mentality of slavery & the agony that institution caused among blacks the most famous black American anti-slavery leader & orator of the era, he was born a slave in Maryland slave narrative
was the first black literary prose genre in the US, it helped blacks in the task of establishing an African-American identity in white America Frederick Douglass [1817-1895]
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