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Ancient China Record Keeping
Transcript of Ancient China Record Keeping
By:Bernardo Freire 6B
Ancient Chines Writing Origin
The Earliest Chinese Writing
Whatever the obscure initial phase of written Chinese was, its appearance during the Shang dynasty already exhibited sign of a very complex system. The earliest form of Chinese writing is called the oracle bone script, used from 1500 to 1000 BCE. This script was etched onto turtle shells and animals bones, which were then heated until cracks would appear. By interpretating the pattern of the cracks, Shang court officials would make divinations of future events, hence giving the name "oracle bones" to these animal bones.
Record Keeping System in Ancient China
The civilization in ancient China used not only wrote record with their own language
(Jiaguwen) they also used their painting skill with silk to tell stories of their armies looked like and what they wore.
The common consensus is that writing in China evolved from earlier non-linguistic symbolic systems. During the Late Neolithic period, at the latter half of the 3rd millenum BCE, many symbols or "pictograms" started to be incised on pottery and jades. These symbols are thought to be family or clan emblems that identify the ownership or provenance of the pottery or jades.
And at least in one instance an emblem, namely bird with a solar symbol, continues to be used as clan name in early Shang dynasty on bronze artifacts. The prevalent thought is that at some point in time these symbols ceased to represent the objects they illustrate but instead came to represent the words of the objects. In other words, the symbols acquired linguistic values and became logograms. However, exactly when this switch happened is unknown. Perhaps it already had when these symbols were incised into the pottery, which could mean that these artifacts have writing on them, but there is no way to prove one way or another. At best we can say is that the symbols were precursors to Chinese writing
I Liu Hui (fl. 3rd century) was one of the greatest mathematicians of ancient China. I lived in the state of Cao Wei during the Three Kingdoms period of Chinese history. In 263, I edited and published a book with solutions to mathematical problems presented in the famous Chinese book of mathematics known as The Nine Chapters on the Mathematical Art.
I am an descendant of the Marquis of Zixiang of the Han dynasty, corresponding to current Zixiang township of Shandong province. I completed my commentary to the Nine Chapters in the year 263.
I think that I probably visited Luoyang, and measured the sun's shadow
My father is Liu Bang (João Pedro`s character)