Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

Leader-Member Exchange

No description
by

on 5 June 2015

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Leader-Member Exchange

Leader-Member Exchange Theory
Northouse Chapter 8
by Dan Ruiter

Early Research
1975 Graen, Dansereau, Haga, and Cashman
- started out as Vertical Dyad Linkage Theory
- focused on the vertical relationship of leader to member
- differentiated between in-groups and out-groups
- in-group based on expanded role relationships
- out-group based on formal contractual relationships
- was very descriptive
Later Research
1995 - 2012 Graen, Uhl-Bien,Liden, Vidyartha, others
- focused on how LMX theory was related to organizational effectiveness
- found that high-quality exchanges resulted in less turnover, more positive performance evaluations, higher frequency of promotions, greater commitment, better work assignments and attitudes, etc.
- conclusions are that organizations stand to gain much from having leaders who can create high-quality exchanges (good working relationships)
Leadership Making
- focuses on moving each relationship into an In-Group
- relationships go through phases
- Stranger: scripted, lower quality exchanges
- Aquaintance: tested medium quality exchanges
- Partnership: negotiated/proven, high quality exchanges

Overview of Leader-Member Exchange
Focuses on "leadership as a process that is centered on the interactions between leaders and followers."

These interactions are inherent in the dyadic relationship between leaders and followers
In-Group Dyads
Northouse pg 164
Dyads (Relationships)
Out-Group Dyads
Northouse pg 164
Dyads (Relationships)
Strengths
- strong descriptive theory
- makes the relationship the centerpiece of leadership
- directs attention to the importance of communication in leadership
- warns leaders to avoid letting biases influence in-goup/out-group membership
- large body of research supports the theory over a long period of time
Weaknesses
- seems to run counter to the human value of fairness
- the basic ideas of the theory are not developed: How are high-quality exchanges formed?
- researchers have not adequately explained all the factors ie social networks, workplace norms, organizational culture variables
- questions have been raised about the measurement of leader-member exchanges
Summary
- it is descriptive and prescriptive
- descriptively is informs us of the existance of In-Groups and Out-Groups
- prescriptively if can be used to move subordinates through relationship phases and into an in-group such as the Leadership Making model suggests
- focuses our attention on the special, unique relationship that leaders can create with others
Dimensions of Leadershiop
Northouse pg 162
Let quality relationships be your guide.
Full transcript