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Copy of Latin American Revolutions
Transcript of Copy of Latin American Revolutions
Became known as "Liberator"
Creole Aristocrat Simon Bolivar 1813-Led fight for independence of Venezuela 1815-Fled to South America then Jamaica where he redefined his goals 1817-Returned to South America to liberate Venezuela and Ecuador 1819-Joined together Ecuador, Venezuela, and Colombia into Gran Colombia and became its first president. Joined Argentine leader Jose San Martin and sought to liberate Peru 1807-Napoleon invades Portugal, the royal court fled to Brazil 1821-The royal court returned to Portugal, leaving Pedro (king's son) in Brazil 1822-Brazilian creoles call for independence from Portugal, Pedro agrees with their demands and led a resistance to Portuguese forces in Brazil and was named Emperor Pedro I of Brazil Emperor Pedro I of Brazil Pedro abdicates 1831
Five-year old son, Pedro II takes over
nicknamed "the Magnanimous" was the second and last Emperor of Brazil, having reigned for 58 years.
His name in full was Pedro de Alcântara João Carlos Leopoldo Salvador Bibiano Francisco Xavier de Paula Leocádio Miguel Gabriel Rafael Gonzaga.
Nine years of regency, then assumes full power
Brazil was the last nation in the Western world to abolish slavery - 1888
Brazil becomes a republic 1889
Brazil will be stable, the only stable government in Latin America. (Because of wealth from coffee) Emperor Pedro II of Brazil