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Transcript of China
China is the world’s most exporting country.
Its major export partners are the United States, Japan, Hong Kong, South Korea, and Taiwan. China’s exports include machinery and equipment, iron/steel, plastics, optical plus medical equipment, and consumer goods. China’s major import partners are Taiwan, South Korea, Japan and the United States. This country’s major imports are machinery/equipment, oil or mineral fuels, and iron/steel. In 2001, China joined the WTO (World Trade Organization). As a part in the agreement, China lowered its tariffs. China is the world’s largest producer and consumer of coal.China also makes over three million barrels of oil a day.
Several religions are practiced in China,
but by a small percentage of people. Taoism, Buddhism and Islam are each done by about three percent of the population. China is a atheistic nation, which means that it denies the existence of God. By the early 2000’s, China had about 100 million Buddhists, 20 million Muslims, 5 million Catholics and 10-15 million Protestants.
The main language in China is Mandarin.
This language is one of the main dialects and a whole bunch of lesser ones that make up the Chinese language. Other dialects include Cantonese and Shanghaiese. Chinese writing are based on symbols, named ideographs or characters. The chinese language has more than 40,00 different characters. Some are rarely used, but a person must understand at least 3,000 characters in order to read a newspaper.
Until recently, China’s national sport was ping-pong. Some types of Chinese chess was also popular. The older people often traveled to parks early to practice a slow-moving exercise called tai qi chuan. After 1978, sports like basketball became more played.
Now, sports such as volleyball, badmintion and tennis are more popular in China.
Holidays, festivals and celebrations
The Chinese celebrate a lot of festivals each year, which most take place on important dates in the Chinese lunar calendar. Here are a few Chinese festivals/events.
~Chinese new year (Jan 30-Feb 5 2014)
~Dragon boat festival (Jun 12 2013)
~Mid-Autumn festival (Sept 8 2014)
China’s southernmost part are in the tropics and are warm all year. Winter temperatures in the far northeast reach well below freezing. During winter in north China, the climate is governed by the Siberian air mass, which makes the area cold and dry. In the summer, a tropical air mass from the pacific ocean comes. That makes the north get its rainy season. The interplay between these two masses makes variable weather, so China’s north is subject to drought and flood. The south has plenty of rain, sometimes dropping 300 millimetres a day.
By Marcus and Jeffrey
~The Great Wall of China
The Great Wall is one of the greatest wonders in the world.
This wall goes through deserts, grasslands, mountains and plateaus, stretching for about 8,851.8 kilometres (5,500 miles) from the east to west of China. Since it is more than 2,000 years old, some of the parts are missing or wrecked. The Wall was mostly built in the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644). The Great Wall was originally a defensive fortification. After an inspection (December 2002) on the 101 sections of the Great Wall, the China Great Wall Academy reported that less than 30% of the wall remained in good condition. In July 2009, TravelChinaGuide sent people to report on the parts of the Wall that were in Shandan County, Zhangye City, Gansu Province. After comparing the pictures with the pictures in 2002, they found out that many parts of the wall have been shorter, smaller, or have disappeared!
~Museum of Terra Cotta Warriors
China is a very diverse country with rivers, mountains and deserts. Rivers are very useful in China, used for transportation and irrigation. A very famous landmark in China is the Great Wall of China which defended the border of China from invasion (ancient times). China has around 50,000 rivers. A lot of western China are mountains, with the Himalaya, Tian and Pamir ranges. The Western part also has a large desert. The central part of China is mostly mountains. in rural areas rice paddies strecth across the land. china is rich with minerals such as antimony, gold, diamonds and iron ore.
Culture & Lifestyle
Many Chinese people are farmers or herders. They have a difficult challenge to make enough food to feed enough people in China.
The extended families of old had four generations living together. That means that the father & mother, son & daughter-in-law/daughter & son-in-law, grandson and granddaughter-in-law/granddaughter and grandson-in-law and the great-grandson & great-granddaughter-in-law/great-granddaughter & great-grandson-in-law (always depends on if it is male or female). Even though modern families include only two generations living together, the four generations together tradition still exists. Chinese culture may be seen in everyday activities. In things such as playing the flute or chess, reading or painting, the technique is not important, but the one’s frame of mind while doing these activities does.
Food and Drinks
The type of food and how it is prepared varies on the region of China. People in the southern part of China mainly rely on rice as their food. The people in the northern part mainly eat wheat products. Sichuan and Hunan (both provinces) are known for their hot and spicy food. Guangdong’s food tends to be more mild. Even though the food is different, all of the food are eaten with chopsticks. The most popular beverage in China is tea. But soft drinks and coffee are also becoming popular. For banquets, many hosts serve liquor in small cups (thumb-size).
Economical and political part of china
China is a communist country, with the communist party of China (CPC) in charge of the armies and part of the politics. Some of the main jobs in china are farming, mining, and manufacturing goods. China is a communist country and has one of the fastest growing economies. But even though China has a good economy, 10% of the population are still poor. Now,people in China are moving into urban areas because they can make more money.
Traditional clothing and fashion
The type of clothing depends on one's status in society. The majority of chinese men would wear black cotton shoes, but the wealthy people would wear tough black leather shoes. The very wealthy would wear very bright and beautiful silk shoes that may have leather on the inside. Women would wear bright, silk coated Lotus Shoes. Male shoes were less planned in detail then women's. Two feathers of a ho bird were placed in the head wear of warriors to symbolize a bold and warlike spirit.
Tourism in china has greatly increased. in the future china is predicted to have the biggest amount of tourists. Tourists usually visit the attractions (see Attractions/Architecture section to find out what are the most popular stuff).