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Adam Smith

on 28 May 2013

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Transcript of Rollercoasters

Roller Coasters By: Adam Smith,
Kyler Murphy,
and Ashley Smith Roller Coaster History This is a Russian Ice Slide. As you can tell, it looks like a slide. The slide is the inspiration for modern roller coasters. What Were They? Russian Ice Slides were the first version of modern roller coasters.
They were between 70 and 80 feet tall and were hundreds of feet long. How Did they Work? Russian Ice Slides were first covered with ice, then became plain wood. On them, the riders sat on a block of solid ice with straw padding to keep the rider's rear ends from getting cold. The ice also had holes in them for handle bars. Roller coasters are gravity powered- with 1 exeption. The only part of the coaster that is non-gravity powered is the chain lift. The wheels are the part of the coaster that makes them GO. There are many sets of wheels on a roller coaster, and not just for balance. In each pair of wheels, 8 are in. Each kind of wheel has a diffrent place and purpose. Some wheels keep the car from falling onto the track. The bottom pair keep the wheels ON the track. The side pairs also keep the car on when it is sideways. Matterhorn
This roller coaster was the very first to have a track that was entirely made of steel. Previous roller coasters included steel, such as Son of the Beast on the loop. But again, no previous coaster had steel as the entire track. Matterhorn was prolobly the biggest event in roller coaster history. Most of the coasters that you have ridden are made of steel. If Matterhorn did not exist, most coasters wouldn't exist too. When you travel up the lift hill, the car gets potential energy. This is simple. The higher the car gets, gravity can pull it down a greater distance. As the car gets higher, the potential energy can be released into kinetic energy, the energy of motion that sends you crusing down the hill. Famous coasters Formula Rossa:
World's fastest roller coaster Formula Rossa Info Top speed: 149.1 MPH (240 KMH)

Location: Ferrari World, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates

Height: 170 ft. 7. in

Duration: 1: 26

Length: 6,561 ft (2,000 mt.)

Type: Steel

Notes: Riders are placed in a controlled tempeture room for the queue line.
Riders must wear goggles to protect eyes from the winds, dust in area, bugs, etc. 2nd fastest roller coaster:
Kingda Ka Kingda Ka Info Top Speed: 128 MPH

Height: 456 ft. (tallest coaster in the world)

Length: 3118 ft.
Location: Six Flags Great Adventure, in Jackson, New Jersey

Opening: 5/25/05

Designer: Werner Stengel

Notes: Rollbacks: Rollbacks occur on only Kingda Ka and Top Thrill Dragster. They happen when the accelerator fails to launchthe car at the speed needed. The cars are programmed to have brakes in this occasion. Top Thrill Dragster
3rd fastest roller coaster
Note: This has the same track as Kingda Ka but without the small hill at the end. This a roll back. Top Thrill Dragster Info Top Speed: 120 MPH

Height: 420 Ft.

Length: 2,800 ft.

Duration: 17. 8 sec.

Location: Cedar Point, Sanduscky, Ohio

Opening: 5/4/03 Oldest coaster still in operation:
Leap the Dips Leap the Dips Info Opening date: 1902

Top speed: 18 MPH

Length: 1,452 ft.

Duration: 1 min.

Designer: Edward Joy Morris

It became a U.S national historic landmark on 10/9/1960.

Notes: Riders have been able to report that the wheels leave the track at the small dips. First steel roller coaster:
Matterhorn bobsleds Matterhorn Bobsleds Info Location: Disneyland Park, Disneyland Resort, Aniheim, CA

Opening: 1959

Speed: 27 MPH

Height: 80 ft.

Length: 2,037 ft. Quiz!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! Everyone who answers: Please remember your answer! How many wheels are in a set?

A. 10

B. 8

C. 1,000

D. 4 What is the fastest roller coaster?

A. Splash Mountain

B. Kingda Ka

C. Top Thrill Dragster

D. Formula Rossa List the purposes of the diffrent wheels. 1. B; 8

2. D; Formula Rossa

3. Keep the car on the track, Keep the car from sliding on the track, Keep a car running 1400's: The earliest form of coasters appear in Russia

1902: Leap the Dips opens.

1959: Matterhorn Bobsleds opens. It is the first coaster to have steel tracks.

1975: The first modern looping coaster opens at Knotts Berry Farm.

1997: Tower of Terror opens and is the first coaster to reach 100 MPH

2003: Top Thrill Dragster opens.

2005: Kingda Ka opens.

2010: Formula Rossa opens. Bibliography http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leap-The-Dips
http://www.google.com/imgres?um=1&hl=en&safe=active&sa=N&tbo=d&biw=1410&bih=710&tbm=isch&tbnid=RtR9xqeX4Tl8vM:&imgrefurl=http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Roller_coaster_wheels.jpg&docid=HRxE9X58m929SM&imgurl=http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/25/Roller_coaster_wheels.jpg&w=1600&h=1200&ei=SyPrUJvKDIv_qAHqkIFg&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=4&vpy=165&dur=1495&hovh=194&hovw=259&tx=118&ty=212&sig=108759871984086550812&page=1&tbnh=134&tbnw=191&start=0&ndsp=30&ved=1t:429,r:0,s:0,i:91 http://www.google.com/imgres?um=1&hl=en&safe=active&sa=N&tbo=d&biw=1410&bih=710&tbm=isch&tbnid=RtR9xqeX4Tl8vM:&imgrefurl=http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Roller_coaster_wheels.jpg&docid=HRxE9X58m929SM&imgurl=http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/25/Roller_coaster_wheels.jpg&w=1600&h=1200&ei=SyPrUJvKDIv_qAHqkIFg&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=4&vpy=165&dur=1495&hovh=194&hovw=259&tx=118&ty=212&sig=108759871984086550812&page=1&tbnh=134&tbnw=191&start=0&ndsp=30&ved=1t:429,r:0,s:0,i:91




http://www.coastercommunity.com/photos/var/albums/Parks/Cedar%20Point/Top%20Thrill%20Dra Have a great day!!
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