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The Metamorphosis by Franz Kafka

By Danielle Martin and Briana Trifiro

Briana Trifiro

on 8 March 2013

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Transcript of The Metamorphosis by Franz Kafka

Danielle Martin and Briana Trifiro Approach #1 Thesis Evidence - Criticisms "Another dimension of the 'punishment by metamorphosis' results from the father's behavior towards the son," (Kaiser). The metamorphosis as real and self-created
by Gregor, as some form of punishment. As a result of the guilt that Gregor feels due to his strained relationships with his family, he creates the metamorphosis himself as a form of punishment, which emphasizes Kafka's message of how much power guilt has over an individual. Critic 1: "Kafka's Fantasy of Punishment," Hellmuth Kaiser.
Critic 2: "The Metamorphosis: Rebellion and Punishment," Walter H. Sokel
Critic 3: "Education for Tragedy," Walter H. Sokel "...if Gregor wanted to send his sister to the conservatory, it was not only out of brotherly concern for her musical development, but...by tying her to her artistic career to prevent her from marrying...It follows from this that something must be expressed in this decision which is calculated to release strong feelings of guilt and thus the strong need for punishment," (Kaiser). More Evidence The Metamorphosis by Franz Kafka "This obligation to his family...seals his doom," (Sokel). Evidence Continued Guilt from Oedipus Complex/incestuous feelings for Grete Guilt from strained relationship with his father Evidence "The metamorphosis clears him...of guilt towards his family," (Sokel). Evidence "'The Metamorphosis' is a self-inflicted punishment, which is at the same time a rebellion...and so here punishment and fresh guilt are strangely mixed with one another," (Sokel). Evidence - Text "No plea of Gregor's helped, no plea was even understood; however humbly he might turn his head, his father merely stamped his feet more forcefully […] he drove Gregor on, as if there were no obstacle […] his father gave him a hard shove, which was truly his salvation, and bleeding profusely, he flew far into his room" (page 18). Demonstrates how the metamorphosis allows Gregor's father to punish him. As a result of his guilt for letting down his family, Gregor seeks punishment. Text "He was determined to force himself on until he reached his sister, tp pluck at her skirt, and to let her know in this way that she should bring her violin into his room...he would never again let her out of his room..." (page 46) Demonstrates Oedipus Complex, leads to guilt and desire for punishment Text Gregor's desire to send Grete to the Conservatory This would prevent Grete from marrying, displaying how Gregor wants to keep Grete for himself. Oedipus Complex - Guilt Text Text Gregor's desire to comfort his sister when he first reveals himself as a bug demonstrates how he feels obligated to protect Grete. Oedipus Complex. Gregor's obligation to his family and the stress he feels from it (constantly traveling) brings him guilt. Need to be punished.
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