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Spread of Islam & Lasting Impacts

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Steph Gorges

on 17 November 2014

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Transcript of Spread of Islam & Lasting Impacts

1. Conquest & Political Support
2. Trade
Historical Impacts
House of Wisdom
Developed algebra (Hindu)
Built on Greek & Indian medical knowledge
Created first hospitals in Islamic world
Astronomy, science, philosophy, mathematics, law

Spread of Islam

Merchant background
Religion that accepted friendly to trade/$$
Existing silk road networks -diffusion of goods, religion & ideas
Role of the hajj
3. Personal Conversions
Umayyad Dynasty
750-1258 CE
Overthrew Umayyad empire
Moved capital to Baghdad, Iraq
Persian influence - language/culture/admin
Eliminated special favor for Arab Muslims
Intellectual focus
Focus on ulama - scholars who set standards/laws based on the Quran (developed sharia law)
Abbasid Dynasty
Cultural identity
Avoid the jizya (tax)
Familiar "basics"
Rightly Guided Caliphs
Ummayad Dynasty
Muhammad's Life
632-661 CE
First 4 caliphs = RGC
Abu Bakr, Omar, Othman, Ali
Rightly Guided Caliphs
Sunni Shia
Leader selected by community
Religious authority from religious scholars - ulama
Majority
Egypt, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, SE Asia, China, Africa
Leader from bloodline (Ali)
Imams - religious authority - infallible - interpret revelation
Minority
Iran & Iraq
661-750 CE (**Largest empire)
Prominent merchants
Moved capital from Medina to Damascus, Syria (trading city)
Higher status for "Arab" Muslims
Jizya - tax on non-Muslims
Rift between Arab/non-Arab, rich/poor
Spread of Islam
during Muhammad's Life
Dar al-Islam
"house of Islam"
the realm of submission to God - realm of peace
Umma
community of believers do not fight each other
Mecca
Muslims returned to Mecca, destroy idols in Kaaba & eventually gave final sermon
Who takes over leading the umma?
Wouldn't be a king
Wasn't a messenger of Allah
Caliph
Deputy or leader of the umma after Muhammad's death
1st Caliph: Abu Bakr chosen, but Ali wasn't present.
Rightly Guided Caliphs
2nd Caliph: Omar

3rd Caliph: Othman

4th Caliph: Ali

Built empire
War of conquest - jihad
Expand Dar al-Islam
Jizya - tax, no conversion by the sword, took political power
Funded ulama - scholars
Women lost rights, stoning for adultery
Rocky term
Umayyad clan
Passed over 3x
Blood relation - keeper of the inner flame
Assassinated
ULAMA
educated class of
Muslim legal scholars
Hadith
Sharia
records of the sayings of Muhammad
verifies authenticity
Islamic moral code, path to living
Varies by branch of Islam
SUFIS
mystical Islamic belief and practice where Muslims seek to have direct personal experience of God.

*Gained followers during Umayyad (too focused on wealth)
*Responsible for spread of Islam (Africa & Asia)
Just about the rules?
Full transcript