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ACTIVE AND PASSIVE VOICE

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by

Anagha Vinayakumar

on 21 February 2015

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Transcript of ACTIVE AND PASSIVE VOICE

ACTIVE AND PASSIVE VOICE
OBJECTIVES
HOPE YOU ALL UNDERSTOOD:
1)
ACTIVE VOICE
2)
PASSIVE VOICE
3)
VOICE OF THE VERB
4)
CHANGING ACTIVE VOICE TO PASSIVE
VOICE.
5)
CHANGING PASSIVE VOICE TO ACTIVE
VOICE
VOICE OF VERB
Voice of verb is defined as the quality of verb that indicates whether its subject acts or is acted upon.
ACTIVE VOICE
Active voice is the normal voice.
EXAMPLES
1)Everybody drinks water.
Everybody
(
SUBJECT
)

drinks
(
VERB
)

water
(
OBJECT
).
DEFINE VOICES OF VERB?
DEFINE ACTIVE AND PASSIVE VOICE?
CHANGING AN ACTIVE VOICE SENTENCE TO PASSIVE VOICE
CHANGING A PASSIVE VOICE SENTENCE TO ACTIVE VOICE
They are two types of voices: ACTIVE VOICE and the PASSIVE VOICE.
Active voice is the voice that we use most
the time.
In Active voice, the object receives the
action of verb.
Marlin mailed the letter.
2)Cats eat fish.
Cats
(
SUBJECT
)
eat
(
VERB
)
fish
(
OBJECT
).
STEPS
ON
HOW

TO
CHANGE

AN
ACTIVE

SENTENCE

TO

PASSIVE
STEPS TO CONVERT ACTIVE SENTENCES TO PASSIVE
1)Move the active sentence's object into the sentence subject slot.
2)Place the active sentence's subject phrase beginning with the preposition by.
3)Add a form of auxiliary verb be to the main verb and change the verb form.
PASSIVE VOICE
In the passive voice the subject receives the action of the verb.
We use passive voice when we want to make active voice more important.
The letter was mailed by Marlin.
EXAMPLES
Water is drunk by everyone.
Water(
SUBJECT
)drunk(
VERB
)everyone(
OBJECT
)
Fish are eaten by cats.
Fish(
SUBJECT
)eaten(
VERB
)cats(
OBJECT
)
STEPS
ON

HOW

TO
CHANGE

PASSIVE

SENTENCE

TO
ACTIVE

VOICE.
STEP ON HOW TO CHANGE PASSIVE SENTENCE TO ACTIVE
1)Move the passive sentence's subject into active sentence direct object slot.
2)Remove the auxiliary verb be from the main verb and change the main verb form.
3)Place the passive sentence's object of the preposition by into the subject slot.
ACTIVE
VOICE
SUBJECT
VERB
OBJECT
Marlin
mailed
the letter
ACTIVE VOICE
PASSIVE VOICE
Marlin mailed the letter
The letter......
object
ACTIVE VOICE
PASSIVE VOICE
Marlin mailed the letter
The letter....by Marlin
subject
Prepositional
phrase
ACTIVE VOICE
PASSIVE VOICE
Marlin mailed the letter
The letter
was mailed
by marlin
Verb
Verb+auxiliary
PASSIVE
VOICE
SUBJECT
VERB
OBJECT
The letter
was mailed
by Marlin
PASSIVE VOICE
ACTIVE VOICE
The letter was mailed by Marlin
...(
mailed
)the letter
subject
object
PASSIVE VOICE
ACTIVE VOICE
The letter was mailed
Mailed the letter
be auxiliary
PASSIVE VOICE
ACTIVE VOICE
....by Marlin
Marlin mailed....
Object of preposition
subject
Questions
1)How many types of voices of verb are there?
a) 2
b) 5
c) 9
d) 4
Ans: 2
a)They visited their granny.
4)Change the following sentences to passive voice.
Ans: Active voice
b)Larry generously donated money to the homeless
shelter.
Ans:The kangaroo carried her baby in her pouch.
DONE
BY
:
AFRAH
,
PARVATHY

AND

ANAGHA
2)Identify whether the following sentences are Active voice or Passive voice.
Ans: Passive Voice
b)We are going to watch a movie tonight.
Ans:Active Voice
c)The new shopping mall was opened last year
.
Ans:Passive voice
3)Which tense do we use most the time?
b)Active voice
a)Passive voice
a)Tom painted the entire house.
Ans: The entire house was painted by Tom.
Ans:Money was generously donated to the homeless shelter by Larry
5)Change the following sentences to Active voice.
c)The team will celebrate their victory tomorrow.
Ans: The victory will be celebrated by the team tomorrow.
a)The flat tire was changed by Sue.

Ans:Sue changed the flat tire.
b)A safety video will be watched by the staff every
year.

Ans:8)The staff is required to watch a safety video every year.
c)The baby was carried by the kangaroo in her pouch.
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