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Mercury

MERCURY Paige, Emma, and Annabelle
by

Emma Armijo

on 9 October 2015

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Transcript of Mercury

discovery
The Samaritan's discovered Mercury around 3,000 BC.
Temperature
Mercury is the closest planet to the sun so it is hot. Mercury's temperatures can go between -279 Fahrenheit (-173 Celsius) at night to 801 Fahrenheit (427 Celsius) during the day. (This is hot enough to melt lead!)


characteristics
Scientist discovered that Mercury may have hydrogen streams going out of the Mercury surface. Mercury is covered in dry lava (it may have had volcanos). 5.427g/cm3 is the density.
DISTANCE FROM THE SUN AND EARTH
Mercury is
35.98 million
miles from the Sun.
Mercury is
48 million
miles from the Earth.

Mercury
What it's made of:
Mercury is made out of a large percentage of heavier elements, mainly iron. It's essentially a large metal ball of iron with a very thin silicate crust. Mercury's core makes up about 75% of the planet. Its thin mantle, or crust, is only about 300 to 400 miles thick (500 to 600 km). The color is dark gray.
SIZE
The diameter is 4,879.4 kilograms (3,031.9186 miles). The mass is 1,023 * 3.3 kilograms. Mean density (kg/m3): 5,420. Its surface area is 28.88 million square miles
Fun Fact
Mercury is the smallest and closest planet to the sun(not including dwarf planets).
Mercury was named after a roman god.
Fun Facts
Mercury has 0.38 surface gravity.
Fun Fact
Mercury has about ⅖ of Earth's diameter.
A LEGEND

In Roman Mythology, Mercury was the messenger of the gods. Mercury was the offspring of Jupiter and Maia, the daughter of Atlas. Mercury is usually described as a beardless young man, of a fair complexion, with yellow hair, quick eyes, and a cheerful countenance, having wings annexed to his hat and sandals. It was part of his job to attend on the dying, and with Hercules, he patronized gymnastic exercises; to show that address upon these occasions should always be united with force.

Fun Fact
Moons and Rings
Discovery
Mercury has no moons or rings. It is one of the two planets that don’t have any moons or rings.
Length of Days and Years
Fun Fact
Mercury is covered in thousand of craters.
In Earth time is one day on Mercury is 58d 15h 30m.
A year on Mercury in Earth time is 88 days.

In Latin mythology, mercury refers to the mythology beliefs of the Italic people inhabiting the region of Latium and its main city, Rome.
Fun Fact
Scientists think that a huge asteroid slammed into Mercury about 4 billion years ago, creating a giant crater about 960 miles (1,545 km) across.
Fun Fact
Called the Caloris Basin, the crater could fit the whole state of Texas inside it.
Fun Fact
Researchers have calculated that the asteroid that created the basin had to have been about 60 miles (100 km) wide.
myth
Fun Facts
It orbits around the sun at the speed of 112,000 mph.

Websites
http://space-facts.com/mercury/

http://theplanets.org/mercury/

http://coolcosmos.ipac.caltech.edu/ask/32-Who-discovered-Mercury-

https://pds.jpl.nasa.gov/planets/special/mercury.htm

Atmosphere
Mercury has an atmosphere. Mercury's atmosphere contains small amounts of hydrogen, helium, and oxygen. It also has even smaller amounts of sodium, potassium, calcium, and magnesium. Some of the gas particles come from the solar wind. Others are made by radioactive decay or when micrometeorites smash into the surface. It has one trillionth of Earth’s atmosphere.

FUN FACT
Scientists think that a huge asteroid slammed into Mercury about 4 billion years ago, creating a giant crater about 960 miles (1,545 km) across. The asteroid was named the Caloris Basin, and the crater could fit the whole state of Texas inside it.
Mercury
Full transcript