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Pentecostalism - World Accomodating New Religious Movement (
Transcript of Pentecostalism - World Accomodating New Religious Movement (
Attitude to other beliefs and religions - tolerant/don't claim monopoly of truth
Pentecostal churches and congregations Pentecostal churches in the West include the following:
Assemblies of God
Association of Vineyard Churches
Church of God (Cleveland)
Church of God in Christ
Church of God of Prophecy
Full Gospel Baptist Church Fellowship
International Church of the Foursquare Gospel
International Pentecostal Holiness Church
Pentecostal Assemblies of the World
United Pentecostal Church International (UPCI)
5. Conversion and global context
5 Commitment -
Socialised into the beliefs through Primary Socialisation (less secondary socialisation ie.faith schools)
Self-selection in Pentecostal churches as follow scripture in practising baptism by immersion. For Pentecostals water baptism is an outward symbol of a conversion that has already occurred. It is the conversion that is essential; the water baptism is an additional element.
Infant baptism is not practised in Pentecostal churches.
snake handling -
"they will pick up snakes with their hands; and when they drink deadly poison, it will not hurt them at all".
Speaking in tongues - part of the RITUAL
''In my name they will drive out demons; they will speak in new tongues''
The first Pentecostals in the modern sense appeared in Topeka, Kansas, in a Bible school conducted by Charles Fox Parham, a holiness teacher and former Methodist pastor. Pentecostalism achieved worldwide attention in 1906 through the Azusa Street Revival in Los Angeles led by William Joseph Seymour
It's often the case that these movements
'grow in countries with no established state religion'
Eg. USA is a secular republic - find out a definition of on www.google.com
HISTORY OF THE MOVEMENT
2. Organisational structure
Hierarchy of paid officials and bureaucratic structure but some division of authority roles.
very high degree of democratic participation.
Eg. lay preacher (plural lay preachers)
1.(religion)A person who is not ordained but is appointed to lead Church services in a religious denomination
Link with growth of democratic participation - eg use of laity
ATTITUDE TO WIDER SOCIETY - tolerant - support mainstream values' eg.making money through work ethic + ascetic lifestyle.
"The teaching of the church is very much about self-development," said James McGlashan, a former oil executive who is now KICC's chief operating officer. "If that is preaching wealth then we are preaching wealth. Becoming financially independent, owning a house, getting a degree and a better job is good."
In the Pentecostal churches, members buy into what is called Prosperity Theology. Wealth is celebrated!!
3. World accommodating
ATTITUDE TO OTHER BELIEFS - Link 'see themselves as one denomination among many'
eg. Pentecostalism is an umbrella term for a variety of Christian religious movements
Tolerant of other religions/beliefs
- focus on other denominations
Membership - medium level of social control - similar to a Church
'integrate with the world. Members live conventional and conforming lives outside their religious activities'
Religious ritual/observance does NOT require rejection of society/societies norms and values.
Denominations preach working within the system..'this worldy' success and pursuit is key! Individuals will have routine jobs but the collective ritual (sunday service) will be v.imp
Eg. members have additional roles/jobs
Appeal is growing in global scale
Eg. inclusive to all, massive growth in Africa, 'acting out the ministry of Jesus/preaching
Additional denominations include Methodism, Presbytarianism, Quaker
Outline and assess two features of a denomination (10mark)
The Roots of the Pentecostal Movement
Extension - watch about the history
link to the Life Span - 'often more
EXT Reading -
Vibrant/dynamic RITUAL in the service
Pentecostal worship is less formal and more emotionally expressive than that of other Christian traditions. Participants worship with body, heart and soul, as well as with their minds.
Much Pentecostal worship is designed to bring about an experience of God's presence, and to this end the atmosphere, worship-leading and music encourage openness to the presence of the Holy Spirit. The gifts of the spirit are often demonstrated during church services, sometimes quite dramatically.
In Pentecostal churches there is a great deal of active congregational involvement: the worshippers may dance and clap. Personal testimonies may be given. Preaching may rely more on stories and less on textual analysis. Services can incorporate healings, trances and speaking in tongues.
The congregation is likely to respond actively to the sermon, with applause, or, in some churches, shouts of amen and hallelujah. The result may well be that participants feel that the service is actually led by the Spirit. Consequently Pentecostals are able to see the church as a community of God's people working to create the context for a direct experience of God.
Some Pentecostals also use 'worship' to refer to their everyday life which they dedicate as a gift to God.
Watch The Millionaire Preacher - Documentary - Reggie Yates
Focus on the first 15-20mins
Who are the members?
What are the features of the service?
What are the Churches views on wealth?
Membership is growing significantly (especially in developing world)
Focus on the charts signifying the growth of the movement - especially the 'maps and cartography' section
- focus on 'Appeal in the developing world'
APPEAL OF PENTECOSTALISM
Appeal to African ethnic group as:
1. combines traditional witchcraft ideas of possession and evil spirits
2. focus on lively/energetic service (dancing/singing)
3. black iconography eg.black representation of Jesus
STUDY LINK - BERGER
APPEAL OF PENTECOSTALISM
Black African in U.K. (Beckford)
Protestant Work Ethic has enabled this ethnic group to succeed.
Enables cultural transistion/integration into host country (UK) as same work values (Pentecostalism)