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National Sea Grant 50th Anniversary - Promoting Sustainable Development

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Jenna Clark

on 6 December 2016

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Transcript of National Sea Grant 50th Anniversary - Promoting Sustainable Development

Sea Grant programs work in many ways to help
preserve their natural resources and marine economies for

We help build, for example:

- Resilience and adaptations to storm surges and other
- Healthy coastal by improving water quality
- and in aquaculture and seafood

Sea Grant often promotes progress in these areas by assisting local communities, planners, and officials to improve and outreach to
coastal and Great Lake
future generations.
coastal hazards
land use planning
• Oregon Sea Grant, in partnership with the Oregon Department of Environmental Quality, delivered a training and technical assistance program to help small cities and county departments manage stormwater using low-impact practices and existing natural features like vegetation and soil.

• The program helped individuals and cities meet state and federal stormwater-related water quality requirements.

• Oregon Sea Grant published 13 fact sheets about low-impact development practices. Topics included green roofs, swales, stormwater planters and low-impact development in the design, construction, and maintenance phases.
Cities learned to manage stormwater using natural
site features and low-impact practices.
What Sea Grant Did
• Staff from more than 15 Willamette Valley communities received training on how to implement low-impact development practices.

• Eight of those communities also received more than 160 hours of technical assistance on projects ranging from rain gardens to the installation of porous pavement.
More Information
• Extension specialists worked with partners to establish four Watershed Stewards Academies. The academies train volunteers to find funding for and lead projects to create community-based stormwater management practices. The watershed stewards complete projects and 45 to 60 hours of classroom and field training.

• The Extension specialists helped to train 25 officials from seven municipalities and counties to lead stormwater management projects.

Maryland Sea Grant Extension specialists helped train community leaders to carry out projects to reduce stormwater runoff, improving water quality in the Chesapeake Bay.
What Sea Grant Did
• More than 300 people have been certified as master watershed stewards. They completed more than 100 stormwater site assessments and installed over 60,000 square feet of stormwater practices.

• In a survey of officials who received training, 70 percent of respondents said it had increased their knowledge of stormwater management "a great deal" or "a lot."

• The projects will help Maryland jurisdictions meet regional water-quality targets for reducing nitrogen, phosphorus, and sediments flowing into the Chesapeake Bay.

More Information
• Louisiana Sea Grant recruited and funded faculty members and landscape architecture students from Louisiana State University and the University of Louisiana.

• They met with Delcambre residents, walked the town, and developed a conceptual redevelopment plan for the waterfront and surrounding area.
Louisiana Sea Grant helped create a redevelopment plan for the waterfront of Delcambre, Louisiana, after Hurricane Rita damaged it.
What Sea Grant Did
• The redevelopment plan led to a $3.4 million federal community development grant and other funding to build a 14-acre waterfront site including a boat launch, seafood market, and public fishing pier.

• Total direct-to-consumer seafood sales in Delcambre exceeded $1 million in 2015.

• Sales tax collections increased by 6 percent in 2015.
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• Sea Grant funded a research team to identify and address barriers to the sustainability of the state’s small harbors.

• Sea Grant staff helped facilitate community visioning workshops or “charrettes” in six towns.

Michigan Sea Grant helped six communities to identify and address barriers to the social, ecological, and financial sustainability of their waterfronts.
What Sea Grant Did
• The communities identified approaches to bolster the long-term stability of their waterfront areas.

• Community leaders have leveraged the charrette designs to win more than $3 million in grant funds to support proposed harbor projects.

• The project team is developing a Sustainable Small Harbors Tools and Tactics Guidebook that will make small harbor sustainability strategies accessible to coastal communities statewide.
More Information

Stormwater Management
Water Quality

• Florida Sea Grant’s legal outreach team analyzed existing local ordinances that limit artificial light in 82 coastal Florida municipalities and counties. Beachfront artificial light at night can disorient and cause death for adult nesting sea turtles and hatchlings.

• The analysis found that many of these ordinances were outdated and insufficient to protect sea turtles.

• Faculty members and law students on the team wrote new model ordinance language that encourages communities and homeowners’ associations to install LED bulbs and other state-of-the-art lighting technology that does not disorient sea turtles.

• Florida Sea Grant extension faculty helped beachfront property owners retrofit lights and fixtures with turtle-friendly lighting.
Experts provided sound legal policies and public outreach that are helping protect threatened and endangered sea turtles along Florida’s Panhandle beaches.
What Sea Grant Did
• Nearly 100 properties identified as non-compliant have been retrofitted with turtle-friendly lighting.

• As a result of these and other conservation actions, Florida is seeing an increasing number of sea turtle nests and a decreasing number of dead sea turtles on beaches.
More Information
Land Use
Wildlife Conservation

Community Planning

• Minnesota Sea Grant social scientists teamed up with civil engineers to interview community planners and emergency response personnel about their flood response and mitigation plans.

• A database of vulnerable infrastructure was created. It includes roads, bridges, and dams where flood-related failures occurred and highlights evacuation routes.

• Sea Grant helped officials examine ecologically based options (green infrastructure) such as retention ponds to reduce runoff velocities and flood volume.

• An analysis considered the economic costs of flood impacts and the costs and benefits of green infrastructure to reduce these impacts.
After the Solstice flood of 2012 devastated Duluth, Minn., Minnesota Sea Grant helped the city and surrounding communities plan to reduce such damage in the future.
What Sea Grant Did
• Duluth adopted stronger regulations and is pursuing green infrastructure options for managing stormwater.

• Analysis of critical factors causing infrastructure failure is leading to recommendations for community emergency response planning and preparedness.
• Through the AdaptLA program, University of Southern California Sea Grant conducted outreach about newly developed models of sea level rise and coastal storms, scaled at the local and regional level.

• Municipal leaders received training to increase use of the best available science in planning efforts.

• USC Sea Grant also leads the Urban Tides Community Science Initiative. More than 100 citizen scientists have taken photos to document coastal flooding and erosion. Communities use the images to identify locations and populations vulnerable to sea level rise.
University of Southern California Sea Grant helped
Los Angeles-area coastal communities make plans to adapt
to sea level rise and coastal erosion.
What Sea Grant Did
• More than 30 Southern California communities received assistance for local planning, resulting in significant progress in advancing sustainable communities.

• The Urban Tides project has led to increases in data and data-gathering capacity for regional scientists and in ocean and climate literacy among participants.
More Information
• North Carolina Sea Grant worked with leaders of Nags Head, N.C., to use the Vulnerability, Consequences and Adaptation Planning Scenarios (VCAPS) process. This approach helps planners to accurately assess risks of sea level rise and identify potential adaptations at the community scale.

What Sea Grant Did
• Sea Grant extension specialists hosted and facilitated a VCAPS workshop attended by 58 local residents and business owners.

• Sea Grant partnered with faculty, staff, and students from North Carolina universities to identify 167 actions -- the highest number for a VCAPS session to date.

• The project led to a continued partnership with the Town of Nags Head that included a South Atlantic Sea Grant regional community resilience project and a 2016 NOAA Social Coast Forum session.
More Information
A North Carolina community used a new planning process to build resilience to sea level rise.
• Beach erosion is a serious issue in Puerto Rico. As part of a worldwide project sponsored by UNESCO, Puerto Rico Sea Grant helps prepare students to study how beach erosion and change are driven by human activities.

• Students photograph beaches; measure erosion, waves, and currents; collect sand samples; and observe turtle nesting.

• Sea Grant trained educators from Japan to develop the Sandwatch program in their home communities.
The Sandwatch Project increases ocean literacy and develops scientific and data gathering skills among school students and adult volunteers. Participants design and implement practical activities to enhance beach environments and build resilience to climate change.
What Sea Grant Did
• Eighteen groups have “adopted” 16 beaches all around Puerto Rico and participate in the project.

• Participants report water contamination, clean up beaches, replant mangroves, and create signage for proper beach use.

• Volunteers dedicated 5,040 hours to the project.
More Information
Sea Grant's Achievements in Sustainable Development, 2016
jobs created or sustained
fishers adopted responsible harvesting techniques
communities implemented sustainable development practices/policies
Produced by Jenna Clark
Maryland Sea Grant
Sea Grant Helps Communities Achieve Sustainable Development
Take a tour of examples in eight states.
National Summary Figures
resource managers used ecosystem-based
management tools
Examples of Projects, by State

Full transcript