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Countable and Uncountable nouns
Transcript of Countable and Uncountable nouns
Countable nouns Determiners used with
uncountable nouns Countable and Uncountable nouns Countable nouns are easy to recognize. They are things that we can count. For example: "pen". We can count pens. We can have one, two, three or more pens.
Countable nouns can be singular or plural. Countable
Uncoutable nouns Examples of countable nouns
dog, cat, animal, man, person
bottle, box, litre
coin, note, dollar
cup, plate, fork
table, chair, suitcase, bag Uncountable nouns are substances, concepts etc that we cannot divide into separate elements. We cannot "count" them. For example, we cannot count "milk". We can count "bottles of milk" or "litres of milk", but we cannot count "milk" itself. Some examples of uncountable nouns:
music, art, love, happiness
advice, information, news
rice, sugar, butter, water
electricity, gas, power
money, currency You can make an uncountable noun into a countable noun by adding:
a cup of Sugar
a glass of water
a grain of rice
Sometimes, the same noun can be countable and uncountable, often with a change of meaning. Determiners precede and modify nouns. Some determiners can only be used with countable or uncountable nouns, while others with both. Countable nouns take a singular or plural form depending on the determiner which precedes them A man and a woman came in.
He ate an orange while he was waiting the bus.
The apples were peeled and quartered.
A + singular
THE This + singular
That + singular This film was good.
I like that shirt. These + plural
Those + plural Can I try on these jeans?
How do you like those cherries? SOME + plural
ANY + plural
NO + plural I have some problems.
I don't have any problems.
I have no problems. Every + singular Every cloud has a different shape. FEW + plural
A FEW + plural
(FEWER, FEWEST) + plural There were few people at the concert. (not many)
There were a few people at the concert. (some)
We had fewer computers a year ago.
This medicine has the fewest side effects. MANY + plural
MORE + plural
(MOST, MOST OF THE) + plural There were not many people at the concert. (few)
More people came to the concert than expected.
Most mammals live on land.
Most of the visitors were art students. A LOT OF + plural
LOTS OF + plural
PLENTY OF + plural There are a lot of tables and chairs in the room.
There are lots of tables and chairs in the room.
There are plenty of tables and chairs in the room. A NUMBER OF + plural A number of questions arose at the meeting. OTHER + plural
ANOTHER + singular
THE OTHER + singular Other boys would have done the same.
Can you think of another example.
I'd prefer the other car. ENOUGH + plural Do you have enough pens for everyone? ALL + Plural
ALL THE + plural All students must take a placement test at the beginning of the course.
I couldn't answer all the questions. BOTH + plural Both sides wanted peace. NEITHER + singular EITHER + singular Neither player has won the game.
You can choose either way. NONE OF THE + plural Luckily, none of the soldiers were killed. EACH + singular
EACH OF THE + plural Each question carries one mark.
Each of the questions carries one mark. THE She jumped into the water. THIS
THAT Where did you buy this wine?
That cheese smells delicious. SOME
NO I have some time.
I don't have any time.
I have no time. LITTLE
LEAST There is little hope that he will survive. (not much)
There is a little hope that he will survive. (some)
Tim should spend less time on the computer.
This medicine does the least harm. MUCH
MOST OF THE There is not much hope that he will survive. (little)
There is more hope that he will survive.
Most furniture is made of wood.
Most of the time I'm not at home. A LOT OF
PLENTY OF We have a lot of space in the car.
We have lots of space in the car.
We have plenty of space in the car. AN AMOUNT OF The word budget means an amount of money we have available to spend. OTHER
THE OTHER I have other advice for you.
The other news is that they are getting married in June. ENOUGH Is there enough milk in the fridge? ALL
ALL THE Not all coffee is bitter coffee.
The robber took all the money. NONE OF THE None of the music they played attracted me.