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Portuguese and the Slave Trade During the Age of Exploration

For honors credit
by

Maia Dominguez

on 5 November 2012

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Transcript of Portuguese and the Slave Trade During the Age of Exploration

1500-1600's Which countries were the major slave traders? Who were the "purchasers?" Step 2
Use of slaves on
plantations Step 3 -There were laws or guidelines for how slaves were supposed to be imported.
-Traders must first have permission from their overall ruler.

- In Portugal's case, They received their permission from the Pope after he received two black slaves from Dom Henrique.

-Dom Henrique made the point to the Pope that it was cheaper for the Portuguese to obtain their own slaves, rather than to buy them from a middle man. The key players in the slave trade chain:
- Portuguese
- British
_ Spanish
-Dutch

The focus of this Prezi is on the participation of the Portuguese. - The first step in the purchase of slaves in the Portuguese trade occurred when traders lavished local African rulers or kings with European luxuries to be able to have access to the land and its people.
- Slaves provided to the traders were often captives of war between tribes. -Capture and transport of slaves to Portuguese plantations (especially for use in growing and harvesting sugar cane) was the next step.
-Portuguese plantations were located:
--On the Island of Sau Tome
--And then later more heavily in Brazil. The flow of processed sugar and other plantation products back to Portugal completes the last part of the "Triangle of Trade" specific to the Portuguese slave trade. Was Slave Trading Legal? The Portuguese Slave Trade from West Africa Products of Plantations back to Europe Step 1 How were the slaves transported? -The slaves were packed tightly into ships which took them through the Atlantic Ocean.

-Many of the slaves died on the way due to suicide, starvation, and disease. How did slavery affect society? - Slavery dramatically raised the wealth and status of Portuguese plantation owners.

- African rulers also increased in riches and in power relative to their peers after trading with the Portuguese.

- Slavery had a significant impact in decreasing the total population in West Africa. Additionally the loss of more men than women to slavery impacted the African society left behind.

-Millions of unpaid workers helped to support European capitalism and industrialization How did the slave trade affect culture? - African slaves impacted culinary preferences with knowledge of and taste for new food products.
- The changing economy supported by the slave plantations created a wealthier class of plantation owners.
- The concept of slavery changed the way Africans would be treated for hundreds of years.
How did the slave trade change over time? - At first, men were more heavily traded; however the Portuguese began to bring both male and female slaves to set up households on the plantations.

- A large percentage of slave traders were originally Muslim, but as Europe became more involved, more traders began to have a Christian background.

- Over time, more guidelines were set into place to control how "legal" slave trade should occur. Bibliography :

Hutchinson, T.J., Impressions of Western Africa, Frank Cass and Company Limited, 1970.

Kaltenbacher, Kelly, Mehta, Pooja, Nahas, Rebekah, The Voyage , Dadesschool.net , http://cghs.dadeschools.net/slavery/antebellum_slavery/interstate_slave_trade/voyage.htm.

Kura Hulanda.com, Portuguese on the Western Shores of Africa, Kura Hulanda Resort, http://www.kurahulanda.com/slavery/slave-trade.

Newitt, Malyn, Portuguese in West Africa 1450- 1670, Cambridge University Press, 2010
Law, Robin, The Slave Coast of West Africa 1550-1750, Oxford University Press, 1991.

Thornton, John, Africa and African in the Making of the Atlantic World 1400-1680, Cambridge University Press, 1992. In her book, Portuguese in West Africa, 1415-1670 on page 86, Malyn Newitt provides an excerpt from a missionary's description of an African King: "His person is so dainty and sleek...As regards his manner of life, in order to dress well he cuts up silks and other expensive cloths, and does so more lavishly than do those Spaniards who make most use of these."
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