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Shintoism

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by

Elaine Janozo

on 12 January 2015

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Transcript of Shintoism

"Shinto" comes from the Chinese word "Shin Tao" which means "The way of the divine/sacred power" toward animate and inanimate things.
Has no founder.
What IS known about Shinto..
It emerged about 2500 years ago.
Early Shinto focused on mythology and nature worship
Was fundamentally polytheistic.
Shinto demonstrated tremendous ability to coexist with other religion.
During 200 CE Japan, many of the positive aspects of Taoism and Confucianism was absorbed into Shintoism.
Many Buddhist tenets were adopted into Shintoism.
Sacred Writings
Symbols
Cultural Impact
Torii
2 volumes of highly revered sacred writings.
KOJIKI - The Records of Ancient Matter
Oldest existant chronicle in Japan.
NIHONGI - Chronicles of Japan
2nd oldest chronicle in Japan
Which captures mythical nature.
Written because in the eighth century CE, Emperor Gemmyo ordered that the oral histories of Japan be written
Many Japanese participate in both Shinto and Buddhism
Believing in kami is more important to Shintoists than identifying themselves to a religion
A source says about 3 000 000 people follow Shinto
Another source says 107 000 000 follow Shinto
The Japanese Canadian Culture Centre in Toronto keeps up to date with the Shinto tradition
Shintoism
Shintoist's believe that spirits called kami exist everywhere and are found in everything
Kami means "high" or "superior" but is often used to refer to a god or deity
The way they were emerged is explained through the story of the deity Izanagi and his sister, Izanami
Izanami gave birth to new deities after marrying Izanagi
Izanagi chopped Homu-subi, the fire god, into pieces and a different deity was formed from every piece
Three significant deities emerged when Izanagi washed his face in a river after visiting the land of darkness
Susano-o, the goddess of the sea and storms
Tsuki-Yomi, the moon god
Amaterasu, the sun goddess
Beliefs
Origins
Torii means "bird dwelling"
Represents the path towards the kami
Beams are visual impression of a bird
horizontal beams leave the impression of a bird stretching its wings in the sky
They stand at every gateway to every Shinto shrine
Featured in some Japanese Buddhist temples
Amaterasu
Most significant deity in Shintoism
She represents hope and prosperity
The emperor of Japan was believed to be a direct descendant of her
The rising sun on the Japanese flag is her emblem
Practices and Rituals
Recreates the act of purification Izanagi did that led to the birth of Susano-o, Tsuki-Yomi, and Amaterasu
Occurs twice a year: during the New Year's Festival and the beginning of summer
Each word of the norito said by the priest is believed to have its own kami
The ritual is supposed to remove sin from a large group of people
The Great Purification
Purification
Two key components: purity and pollution
For a request to the kami to be successful, it's important that the priest or believer is ritually pure
Once someone becomes ritually impure they must go to a shrine to be purified
Even the victim from someone else's sin will become ritually unclean
by: Anthony, Elaine, Naa Merley, and Oliver
Thank you for listening.
Full transcript